The challenge of third world development /
Howard Handelman.
3rd ed.
Upper Saddle River, N.J. ; Toronto : Prentice Hall, 2003.
xiii, 321 p. ; 23 cm.
More Details
Upper Saddle River, N.J. ; Toronto : Prentice Hall, 2003.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
This item was reviewed in:
Reference & Research Book News, November 2002
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Bowker Data Service Summary
In this exploration of the political, economic and social issues that face diverse Third World countries, Howard Handelman examines the nature of underdevelopment and discusses explanatory theories of redevelopment.
Long Description
For undergraduate-level courses in Third World Politics, Comparative Politics, Developing World courses in Political Science, and regional courses on Asia or Latin America. This text explores political, economic, and social issues common to diverse Third World countries. It stresses the themes of democratization, modernization, and dependency theory, examining the nature of underdevelopment. The text analyzes the major political and socio economic rifts that divide many of these nations and the efforts being made to understand and address these challenges.
Main Description
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Back Cover Copy
Well-written and comprehensive, the third edition of The Challenge of Third World Development presents a degree of sophisticated theory behind development in Third World countries, while examining their shared issues of political, economical, and social underdevelopment. The text explores topics such as religion, cultural pluralism, ethnic conflict, women's effect on development, rural change, urbanization, revolutionary change, and the military. Examines modernization theory and dependency theory Discusses democratization in the Third World Explores major political divisions in the Less Developed Countries and analyzes potential solutions Dedicates a full chapter to gender issues Reflects recent world events
Table of Contents
Prefacep. xiii
Understanding Underdevelopmentp. 1
Third World Commonalities: The Nature of Underdevelopmentp. 2
Economic Underdevelopmentp. 3
Social Underdevelopmentp. 5
Political Underdevelopmentp. 8
Some Relationships among the Components of Developmentp. 10
The Causes of Underdevelopmentp. 11
Modernization Theory and the Importance of Cultural Valuesp. 12
Dependency Theoryp. 15
Modernization and Dependency Theory Comparedp. 16
Contemporary Perspectivesp. 18
Discussion Questionsp. 19
Notesp. 19
Democratic Change and the Change to Democracyp. 22
Democracy Definedp. 24
Democratic Transition and Consolidationp. 25
Authoritarian Beginningsp. 26
Justifying Authoritarian Rulep. 27
The Third Wave and Its Effect on the Third Worldp. 28
International Causes and Consequences of the Third Wavep. 30
The Prerequisites of Democracy in Individual Countriesp. 31
Social and Economic Modernizationp. 32
Class Structurep. 33
Political Culturep. 34
How Do Democracies Perform? Public Policy Comparedp. 38
Conclusion: Democratic Consolidationp. 40
Discussion Questionsp. 41
Notesp. 42
Religion and Politicsp. 45
The Meeting of Church and Statep. 46
Great Religions of the Third Worldp. 47
Religion, Modernity, and Secularizationp. 48
Structural and Theological Bases of Church-State Relationsp. 50
Islamp. 51
Catholicismp. 52
Hinduism and Buddhismp. 53
Religious Fundamentalism: Islam and Hinduismp. 54
Defining and Explaining Fundamentalismp. 55
Fundamentalists: Radical and Conservativep. 55
"Sacred Rage and the Iranian Revolution": Radical Fundamentalism as a Reaction to Western-Style Modernizationp. 56
Al Qaeda and Militant Islamic Fundamentalismp. 59
Radical Hindu Fundamentalismp. 63
The Progressive Catholic Churchp. 65
Religion and Politics in the Developing World: Looking to the Futurep. 68
Conclusion: Religion and Democracyp. 70
Discussion Questionsp. 71
Notesp. 71
The Politics of Cultural Pluralism and Ethnic Conflictp. 76
Defining Ethnicityp. 78
Ethnic and State Boundariesp. 80
Types of Ethnic-Cultural Divisionsp. 81
Nationalityp. 81
Tribep. 83
Racep. 85
Religionp. 88
Independence, Modernization, and Ethnic Conflictp. 91
Levels of Interethnic Conflictp. 92
Relative Harmonyp. 92
Uneasy Balancep. 93
Enforced Hierarchy (Ethnic Dominance)p. 94
Systematic Violencep. 96
Outcomes and Resolutionsp. 96
Power Sharing: Federalism and Consociationalismp. 97
Secessionp. 99
Outside Interventionp. 100
Outside Intervention in Iraq: The Effect of the U.S. Occupation on Ethnic Relationsp. 103
Settlement through Exhaustionp. 105
Toward a Peaceful Resolution of Conflictp. 105
Conclusion: Ethnic Pluralism and Democracyp. 106
Discussion Questionsp. 108
Notesp. 109
Women and Developmentp. 114
The Political and Socioeconomic Status of Third World Womenp. 115
Westernization, Modernization, and the Economic Status of Womenp. 118
Women in the Countrysidep. 120
Urbanization and the Status of Womenp. 121
Women and Politicsp. 123
Women's Political Activism at the Grass Rootsp. 125
Women as National Political Leadersp. 128
Reserved Seats and Quotas: Female Representation in Parliament and the Cabinetp. 131
Women and Revolutionary Changep. 137
The Status of Women: The Roles of Modernization, Globalization, and Regime Typep. 139
Conclusion: Democracy and the Role of Women in Societyp. 141
Discussion Questionsp. 142
Notesp. 143
Agrarian Reform and the Politics of Rural Changep. 148
Rural Class Structuresp. 149
Peasant Politicsp. 150
The Politics of Agrarian Reformp. 153
Patterns of Land Concentrationp. 154
The Case for Agrarian Reformp. 154
Types of Agrarian Reformp. 157
Externally Imposed Reformp. 157
Revolutionary Transformationp. 158
Moderate Reformismp. 161
The Limits of Agrarian Reformp. 162
Other Approaches and Issuesp. 164
Crop Pricingp. 164
Conclusion: Democracy and Rural Reformp. 165
Discussion Questionsp. 166
Notesp. 166
Rapid Urbanization and the Politics of the Urban Poorp. 170
The Political Consequences of Urban Growthp. 173
The Struggle for Employmentp. 173
The Struggle for Housing among the Urban Poorp. 177
Public Housing and the Role of the Statep. 178
Spontaneous Housingp. 180
Sites-and-Services Programsp. 181
The Struggle Against Urban Crimep. 182
The Politics of the Urban Poor: Conflicting Imagesp. 183
Forms of Political Expression among the Urban Poorp. 187
Individual Political Behaviorp. 187
Collective Goals: Housing and Urban Servicesp. 188
Radical Political Behaviorp. 191
Conclusion: Future Urban Growth and Democratic Politicsp. 192
Discussion Questionsp. 193
Notesp. 193
Revolutionary Changep. 198
Defining Revolutionp. 199
Underlying Causes of Revolutionp. 201
Inexorable Historical Forcesp. 201
Regime Decayp. 202
Challenge from Belowp. 204
Causes of Revolution: A Summaryp. 207
Levels of Popular Supportp. 208
Peasants as Revolutionariesp. 210
Why Peasants Rebelp. 211
Which Peasants Rebelp. 211
Revolutionary Leadershipp. 212
Revolutionaries in Powerp. 214
Conclusion: Revolutionary Change and Democracyp. 217
Discussion Questionsp. 219
Notesp. 219
Soldiers and Politicsp. 223
The Causes of Military Interventionp. 225
The Nature of the Armed Forcesp. 225
The Nature of Civil Societyp. 226
Progressive Soldiers and Military Conservativesp. 229
The Goals of Military Regimesp. 231
Personalistic Regimesp. 231
Institutional Military Regimesp. 233
The Accomplishments and Failures of Military Regimesp. 237
Combating Corruptionp. 237
Defending Corporate Interestsp. 238
Patterns in Military Spendingp. 239
Establishing Stabilityp. 242
Economic Developmentp. 243
Military Withdrawal from Politicsp. 245
New Roles for the Armed Forcesp. 247
Conclusion: Democracy and the Militaryp. 247
Discussion Questionsp. 249
Notesp. 249
The Political Economy of Third World Developmentp. 253
The Role of the Statep. 254
The Command Economyp. 255
Latin American Statismp. 257
East Asia's Developmental Statep. 261
The Neoclassical Idealp. 263
Finding a Proper Role for the Statep. 265
Industrialization Strategiesp. 265
Import-Substituting Industrialization (ISI)p. 266
Export-Oriented Industrialization (EOI)p. 268
East and Southeast Asia's Economic Crisisp. 269
The Onset of the Crisisp. 269
Causes of the Asian Crisisp. 270
Consequences of the 1997 Crashp. 271
Implications for East Asia's Growth Modelp. 271
East Asia's Recoveryp. 272
Growth with Equityp. 273
Economic Development and the Environmentp. 277
The Costs of Growthp. 277
Environmental Decay as a Third World Problemp. 278
Environmental Decay in the LDCs as a Global Problemp. 279
The Search for Sustainable Developmentp. 279
Some Signs of Progressp. 281
Finding the Right Mixp. 282
Conclusion: Democracy and Economic Developmentp. 283
Discussion Questionsp. 283
Notesp. 284
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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