Thinking about women : sociological persepctives on sex and gender /
Margaret L. Andersen.
5th ed.
Boston : Allyn and Bacon, c2000.
xiv, 434 p. : ill.
More Details
Boston : Allyn and Bacon, c2000.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Margaret Andersen is the former editor of Gender & Society, the recipient of the Sociologists for Women in Society Feminist Lecturer Award, and a leading scholar and teacher
Main Description
Thinking About Women: Sociological Perspectives on Sex and Gender, Seventh Edition, provides a comprehensive review of feminist scholarship in the social sciences, showing how gender operates in every aspect of society, and how the experiences of both men and women are created through social institutions. The seventh edition introduces new discussions on numerous topics including gay marriage, welfare reform, women and the military, interracial dating and friendship, affirmative action, transgender identities, disability, and the global AIDS epidemic. Book jacket.
Long Description
Thinking About Women provides a comprehensive review of feminist scholarship in the social sciences. It is interdisciplinary in scope, but grounded in sociological theory and research. Although the primary focus is on women, one cannot study gender without reexamining the social structure of men's lives as well. Taking a sociological perspective, this textbook shows how the experiences of women and men are created through social institutions and, therefore, can be transformed through institutional change.
Table of Contents
Prefacep. ix
About the Authorp. xv
Studying Women: Feminist Perspectivesp. 1
Why Study Women?p. 2
The Sociological Imaginationp. 6
Defining Feminismp. 9
Women's Studies and the Inclusion of Womenp. 11
The Growth of Men's Studiesp. 13
The Significance of Gender, Race, and Classp. 14
A Sociological Framework for Thinking about Womenp. 16
Chapter Summary and Themesp. 16
Key Termsp. 17
Discussion Questions/Projects for Thoughtp. 18
Internet Resourcesp. 18
Suggested Readingsp. 18
Gender, Culture, and Sex
The Social Construction of Genderp. 21
Biology, Culture, and Societyp. 21
The Biological Basis of Sex Identityp. 22
Ambiguous Sexual Identitiesp. 22
Nature/Nurture and Sexually Dimorphic Traitsp. 24
Biological Determinismp. 25
The Difference Culture Makesp. 27
The Institutional Basis of Genderp. 30
Socialization and the Formation of Gender Identityp. 33
Sanctions and Expectationsp. 33
Race and Gender Identityp. 35
Socialization across the Life Coursep. 37
Infancyp. 37
Childhood Play and Gamesp. 38
Socialization and the Schoolsp. 40
Adult Socialization and the Aging Processp. 41
Theoretical Perspectives on the Formation of Genderp. 43
Identification Theoryp. 43
Social Learning Theoryp. 44
Cognitive-Developmental Theoryp. 45
Symbolic Interaction and "Doing Gender"p. 46
Comparing Theoretical Perspectivesp. 47
Limitations of the Socialization Perspectivep. 48
Chapter Summary and Themesp. 49
Key Termsp. 51
Discussion Questions/Projects for Thoughtp. 51
Internet Resourcesp. 51
Suggested Readingsp. 52
Gender, Culture, and the Media: The Social Construction of Knowledgep. 53
Gender, Language, and Popular Culturep. 56
Gender and the Mediap. 59
Content Analysis and the Mediap. 59
Theories about the Media's Influencep. 64
The Sociology of Knowledgep. 68
Marx and the Social Construction of Knowledgep. 69
Sexism as Ideologyp. 71
Chapter Summary and Themesp. 72
Key Termsp. 73
Discussion Questions/Projects for Thoughtp. 73
Internet Resourcesp. 73
Suggested Readingsp. 74
Sexuality and Intimate Relationshipsp. 76
The Social Construction of Sexualityp. 77
The History of Sexuality in the United Statesp. 77
Contemporary Sexual Attitudes and Behaviorp. 79
Race, Sexuality, and Powerp. 84
Sexual Development over the Life Cyclep. 85
Menstruationp. 86
Menopausep. 87
Love and Intimate Relationshipsp. 88
Interracial Relationshipsp. 92
Friendshipp. 93
Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Experiencesp. 95
Chapter Summary and Themesp. 100
Key Termsp. 101
Discussion Questions/Projects for Thoughtp. 101
Internet Resourcesp. 101
Suggested Readingsp. 102
Gender and Social Institutions
Gender, Work, and the Economyp. 104
Historical Perspectives on Women's Workp. 105
The Family-Based Economyp. 106
The Family-Wage Economyp. 107
The Family-Consumer Economyp. 109
Ideology and the History of Women's Workp. 110
What Is Work?p. 113
Economic Restructuring, Class, and Gender Stratificationp. 115
The Contemporary Status of Womenp. 119
Labor Force Participationp. 119
Gender Segregationp. 120
Earningsp. 130
Promotionsp. 134
Poverty and Welfarep. 136
Work Environmentsp. 139
Tokenismp. 139
Sexual Harassmentp. 141
Workplace Culturep. 142
Intersections of Family and Workp. 142
The Second Shiftp. 143
Housework and Care Workp. 143
Policies for Gender Equityp. 147
Chapter Summary and Themesp. 149
Key Termsp. 150
Discussion Questions/Projects for Thoughtp. 150
Internet Resourcesp. 151
Suggested Readingsp. 151
Gender and Familiesp. 153
Historical Perspectives on Modern Familiesp. 155
Feminist Perspectives on Familiesp. 159
The Social Construction of Familiesp. 159
Family Diversityp. 161
The Influence of Class, Race, and Genderp. 162
Linking Social Structure and Human Actionp. 163
The Family Idealp. 164
The Diversity of Contemporary Familiesp. 165
Measuring Family Statusp. 166
Divorcep. 167
Balancing Family and Workp. 168
Cohabitationp. 170
Gay and Lesbian Familiesp. 171
Motherhoodp. 173
Fatherhoodp. 175
Race, Gender, and Familiesp. 176
Families and Social Problemsp. 182
Family Violencep. 182
Teen Pregnancyp. 187
Child Carep. 189
Chapter Summary and Themesp. 193
Key Termsp. 194
Discussion Questions/Projects for Thoughtp. 194
Internet Resourcesp. 195
Suggested Readingsp. 195
Women, Health, and Reproductionp. 197
The Social Structure of Healthp. 200
Gender and Healthp. 200
Race, Class, and Healthp. 202
Reproduction and Protective Legislationp. 203
Gender, Health, and Social Problemsp. 205
Gender and the Body: Weight, Food, and Body Imagep. 205
Substance Abuse: Alcohol, Drugs, and Smokingp. 209
Women and AIDSp. 212
Disabilityp. 213
Health Insurancep. 214
The Politics of Reproductionp. 214
Birth Controlp. 215
Abortionp. 217
Racism and Reproductionp. 218
The Politics of Birth: Pregnancy and Childbirthp. 219
New Reproductive Technologiesp. 225
Gender and the Health Care Systemp. 226
Women as Health Care Workersp. 226
The Women's Health Movementp. 226
Chapter Summary and Themesp. 228
Key Termsp. 229
Discussion Questions/Projects for Thoughtp. 229
Internet Resourcesp. 229
Suggested Readingsp. 230
Women and Religionp. 232
Sociological Perspectives on Religionp. 234
Religion and Social Controlp. 235
Religion and the Emergence of Feminism in the United Statesp. 237
Women and Religiosityp. 240
Images of Women in Religionp. 240
Religious Texts as Interpretive Documentsp. 240
Gender and Religious Beliefsp. 242
Women's Status in Religious Institutionsp. 244
Gender and Religious Participationp. 244
Women as Clergyp. 246
Religion and Social Changep. 247
Race, Religion and Social Justicep. 248
Religion and Antifeminismp. 249
Feminism and the Religious Right in the United Statesp. 250
The Abortion Debate: A Conflict of World Viewsp. 251
Faith, Feminism, and Spiritualityp. 252
Chapter Summary and Themesp. 256
Key Termsp. 256
Discussion Questions/Projects for Thoughtp. 257
Internet Resourcesp. 257
Suggested Readingsp. 257
Women, Crime, and Deviancep. 259
Sociological Perspectives on Crime and Deviancep. 260
Early Traditionsp. 261
Defining Deviancep. 263
Labeling and Social Deviancep. 264
Deviance, Power, and Social Conflictp. 264
Feminist Perspectives on Deviancep. 265
Women as Criminalsp. 267
The Extent of Criminality among Womenp. 267
Causes of Women's Crimep. 269
Defining Crimep. 271
Women as Victims of Crimep. 271
Rapep. 274
Causes of Rapep. 276
Women in the Criminal Justice Systemp. 279
Gender and the Courtsp. 279
Women and Prisonp. 280
Chapter Summary and Themesp. 283
Key Termsp. 283
Discussion Questions/Projects for Thoughtp. 284
Internet Resourcesp. 284
Suggested Readingsp. 284
Gender, Education, and Sciencep. 286
Women and the History of Educationp. 288
Gender and Educational Successp. 290
Gender and Schoolingp. 291
Academic Achievement: Is There a Gender Gap?p. 295
Gender and the Curriculump. 297
Class and Race Inequalityp. 298
Women in Higher Educationp. 300
Gender, Science, and Societyp. 304
The Status of Women in Sciencep. 304
Science, Feminism, and the Social Construction of Knowledgep. 307
Chapter Summary and Themesp. 312
Key Termsp. 313
Discussion Questions/Projects for Thoughtp. 313
Internet Resourcesp. 313
Suggested Readingsp. 313
Women, Power, and Politicsp. 315
Defining Powerp. 317
Women and the Statep. 318
Women and the Lawp. 320
Women in Governmentp. 323
The Gender Gapp. 327
Do Women Make a Difference?p. 327
Women and the Militaryp. 328
Lesbians and Gays in the Militaryp. 330
Feminism and Militarismp. 331
Rethinking the Politicalp. 331
The Women's Movementp. 333
American Feminism in the Nineteenth Centuryp. 334
The Emergence of the Contemporary Women's Movementp. 337
Feminism and Civil Rightsp. 339
The Second Wave of Feminismp. 340
Feminism for the Twenty-First Century: A Third Wave?p. 342
Chapter Summary and Themesp. 344
Key Termsp. 345
Discussion Questions/ Projects for Thoughtp. 345
Internet Resourcesp. 346
Suggested Readingsp. 346
Gender and Social Change: Frameworks of Feminism
Women and Social Reform, Liberal Feminismp. 348
Frameworks of Feminist Theoryp. 350
The Liberal Basis of Modern Feminismp. 353
Liberalism as a Mode of Social Thoughtp. 354
Early Liberal Feministsp. 358
Mary Wollstonecraftp. 358
Harriet Martineaup. 360
John Stuart Mill and Hariet Taylor Millp. 362
The Critique of Liberal Feminismp. 368
Chapter Summary and Themesp. 370
Key Termsp. 371
Discussion Questions/ Projects for Thoughp. 371
Internet Resourcesp. 372
Suggested Readingsp. 372
Contemporary Frameworks in Feminist Theoryp. 373
The Radical Origins of Feminist Theory: The Critique of Liberal Feminismp. 374
Historical Roots of Radical Feminismp. 375
Socialist Feminism: The Importance of Class and Capitalismp. 377
Karl Marx and Historical Materialismp. 377
Class and Capitalismp. 379
Ideology and Consciousnessp. 380
The Woman Questionp. 382
The Socialist Feminist Critique of Marxp. 383
Radical Feminism: The Power of Patriarchyp. 386
The Sex/Gender Systemp. 387
Sexuality and the Statep. 387
Intersections of Capitalism and Patriarchyp. 388
Comparing Liberal, Socialist, and Radical Feminismp. 389
Multiracial Feminismp. 390
Postmodernist Feminismp. 393
Queer Theory and Sexualitiesp. 397
Continuing Questions for Feminist Theoryp. 399
Chapter Summary and Themesp. 400
Key Termsp. 401
Discussion Questions/ Projects for Thoughtp. 401
Internet Resourcesp. 402
Suggested Readingsp. 402
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