Writings on slavery and the American Civil War /
Harriet Martineau ; edited by Deborah Anna Logan.
DeKalb : Northern Illinois University Press, c2002.
xxiv, 359 p. : ill.
0875802923 (acid-free paper)
More Details
DeKalb : Northern Illinois University Press, c2002.
0875802923 (acid-free paper)
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Deborah Anna Logan is Assistant Professor of English at Western Kentucky University in Bowling Green
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2003-01-01:
Editor Logan has assiduously culled Harriet Martineau's immense body of writings for those that address the struggle over slavery in the US. A pioneering English woman journalist, Martineau was intensely devoted to the abolitionist cause during her US journey of 1834-36. Her subsequent efforts in books, periodicals, and newspapers made her an invaluable transatlantic asset to US abolitionists. These engaging and lucidly presented selections are as accessible to today's undergraduate students as they were to Martineau's contemporaries. Some repetitiveness and polemical exaggeration is to be expected in such an extended series of essays, but the editor's omission of critical contextualization regarding such overstatements is unfortunate. Readers should be alerted to developments in antebellum politics, other serious foreign commentators on American society, and current historiographical perspectives that differ widely from Martineau's assessments of the economics of slavery. Recommended for general and undergraduate collections. S. Drescher University of Pittsburgh
Review Quotes
"Beautifully written ... a valuable addition to nineteenth-century studies."- Indiana Magazine of History "The collection provides us with a richer understanding of abolitionism."- Civil War History "Accessible and extensively researched ... highly recommended."- Choice
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Choice, January 2003
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Main Description
A leading social reformer and pioneering abolitionist, British journalist Harriet Martineau fueled the debate over the abolition of slavery that raged on both sides of the Atlantic before the American Civil War. Her impassioned writings about abolition-with more than fifty essays and articles collected in this premier annotated edition-provide piercing insights into American society, politics, and the issue of slavery. Determined to give a fair, objective hearing to both sides of the American slavery debate, Martineau crossed the ocean in 1834 and discovered a nation in turmoil. As a prominent writer, she was vigorously courted by both opponents and supporters of slavery who sought her endorsement for their political cause. From northern mansions to southern plantations, from Congress and President Jackson's White House to hospitals, factories, and slave quarters, people opened their doors to Martineau, providing her an unusually comprehensive view of American life. Shocked by the intensity of the controversy over slavery, and inspired by the bravery and defiance of abolitionists who campaigned in the face of social pressure and physical danger, Martineau publicly declared her support of abolition in 1835. Joining the ranks of the abolitionists made Martineau a prime target for persecution, and the remainder of her stay in America was fraught with death threats. She returned to England and promoted her cause by writing for the British periodical press, a career that would span the next thirty-five years. Martineau's friend and fellow abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison praised her as a "social heretic" whose compulsion to uphold the moral ground of human dignity and freedom outweighed any concern with popular opinions about her character or reputation. Twenty years after her dramatic American tour, Martineau wrote with pride that her name was "still reviled" in the South. One of the first women to earn a living by her pen, Martineau never faltered in the lifelong crusade that placed her in the forefront of political and social reform efforts. Writings on Slavery and the American Civil War conveys one woman's persistent call for absolute, immediate, and universal emancipation.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgmentsp. vii
Introduction: The Theory and Practice of Society in Americap. ix
The American Travel Writingsp. 3
Society in America, 1837p. 5
Introductionp. 9
Citizenship of People of Colourp. 10
Morals of Economyp. 13
Morals of Slaveryp. 14
Morals of Commercep. 21
Morals of Economy IIp. 23
Retrospect of Western Travel, 1838p. 24
First Sight of Slaveryp. 25
Country Life in the Southp. 28
City Life in the Southp. 29
Restless Slavesp. 32
New Orleansp. 36
Signs of the Times in Massachusettsp. 37
Three Letters on Americap. 39
Harriet Martineau to the Spectator, 14 October 1837p. 39
Harriet Martineau to the Spectator, 21 October 1837p. 41
Harriet Martineau to Abby Kelley, 20 June 1838p. 42
The Martyr Age of the United States, 1839p. 44
Newspapers and Periodicalsp. 81
The Liberty Bell, 1839-1858p. 83
"Harriet Martineau to Elizabeth Pease," 1845p. 85
London's Daily News, 1852-1866p. 89
"Harriet Beecher Stowe," 12 May 1853p. 90
"Fugitive Slave Law," 8 June 1855p. 94
"Kansas," 10 October 1856p. 97
"Dred Scott and States' Rights," 18 June 1857p. 99
"Liberia," 20 November 1858p. 102
"Black Insurrections; Harper's Ferry," 2 November 1859p. 105
"The Burial of John Brown," 3 January 1860p. 108
"Election of Abraham Lincoln," 22 November 1860p. 112
"Anarchy in the South," 29 January 1861p. 115
"Emancipation Proclamation," 10 October 1862p. 119
"William Lloyd Garrison and the Liberator," 9 January 1866p. 122
The Spectator, 1858p. 126
"American Domestic Policy at the Centre and Circumference," 15 May 1858p. 127
"What Is the South?" 28 August 1858p. 131
"The Hour of Proof," 9 October 1858p. 134
"The World's Interest in the West," 27 November 1858p. 136
The National Anti-Slavery Standard, 1859-1862p. 140
"John Brown," 17 December 1859p. 143
"John Brown; South's Political Posturing," 24 December 1859p. 145
"Death of John Brown; Bias in the Times," 28 January 1860p. 147
"The Morrill Tariff," 1 June 1861p. 150
"The Morrill Tariff," 7 September 1861p. 151
"Mason and Slidell: The Trent Affair," 28 December 1861p. 153
"The Trent Affair; War with England Averted," 15 February 1862p. 156
"The Final Break," 1 March 1862p. 162
Once a Week, 1861-1862p. 165
"New Phase of the American Strife," 30 November 1861p. 166
"Much Right and Much Wrong," 25 January 1862p. 173
"The Slave Difficulty in America," 1 February 1862p. 180
"Abolition of Slavery in the District of Columbia," 24 May 1862p. 186
Journal Articlesp. 193
Interpreting the Sectional Divide, 1854-1857p. 195
"Freedom, or Slavery?" 1854p. 195
A History of the American Compromises, 1856p. 202
"'Manifest Destiny' of the American Union," 1857p. 223
On the Eve of War, 1858-1860p. 242
"The Slave-Trade in 1858," 1858p. 242
"The United States under the Presidentship of Mr. Buchanan," 1860p. 271
War and Reconstruction, 1862-1864p. 286
"The Brewing of the American Storm," 1862p. 286
"The Negro Race in America," 1864p. 295
Itinerary of Harriet Martineau's American Tourp. 315
Notesp. 319
Works Citedp. 341
Indexp. 345
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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