Catalogue


Poverty in Albania : a qualitative assessment /
Hermine De Soto ... [et al.].
imprint
Washington, DC : World Bank, 2002.
description
xviii, 131 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
ISBN
0821351095
format(s)
Book
Holdings
Subjects
A Look Inside
Summaries
Long Description
Governments at risk are facing major fiscal challenges as a result of their contingent liabilities. Contingent liabilities dubbed A"hidden deficitsA" account for a large share of the rise in government debt and tend to remain outside the framework of conventional public financial analysis and institutions. In many countries, the reality or prospect of unbudgeted fiscal risks coming due has been a wake-up call to extend fiscal management beyond the budgetary framework. This book offers practical guidance to governments seeking to improve the management of fiscal risks. It explores difficult analytical and institutional challenges confronting reformers attempting to manage government fiscal risks. While discussing the inadequacies of conventional practices of dealing with fiscal risk, this book presents recent advances in managing fiscal risk and thereby helps to push the practice of fiscal analysis and management into the 21st century. A copublication of the World Bank and Oxford University Press.
Long Description
Jointly, the World Bank and the Government of Albania undertook an assessment of poverty, conducted in a qualitative manner, to gain information that could guide policy development and resource allocation. The research was conducted through a series of focus groups, interviews, and surveys that permitted community members in ten areas within Albania, to define poverty in their own terms. During the ten years of reform, Albania has been buffeted by set backs which led fully 40% of respondents to indicate that socioeconomic conditions have worsened during that period. While informal coping mechanisms have been developed in many communities, these are under stress and threaten to give way. The study suggests that a poverty reduction strategy must, at the very least, include improvements in government management, employment opportunities, provision of social services, infrastructure development, and public security.
Main Description
"Jointly, the World Bank and the Government of Albania undertook an assessment of poverty, conducted in a qualitative manner, to gain information that could guide policy development and resource allocation. The research was conducted through a series of focus groups, interviews, and surveys that permitted community members in ten areas within Albania, to define poverty in their own terms.During the ten years of reform, Albania has been buffeted by set backs which led fully 40% of respondents to indicate that socioeconomic conditions have worsened during that period. While informal coping mechanisms have been developed in many communities, these are under stress and threaten to give way. The study suggests that a poverty reduction strategy must, at the very least, include improvements in government management, employment opportunities, provision of social services, infrastructure development, and public security."
Table of Contents
Forewordp. v
Acknowledgmentsp. vi
Acronymsp. viii
Glossary of Termsp. ix
Executive Summaryp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Objectives and Methodologyp. 1
Albanian Definition of Povertyp. 7
Income and Sustenancep. 11
Inadequate Incomep. 12
Multiple Sources of Incomep. 14
Old and Deteriorating Housing and Other Assetsp. 15
Unemployment and Unstable Employmentp. 17
Agricultural Activityp. 19
Small-Scale Agriculturep. 20
Irrigation Difficultiesp. 24
Marketing-Related Problemsp. 25
Industrial Activity, Employment and Incomep. 29
Underemployment under Communismp. 29
Industry Closings during Privatizationp. 29
Current Conditions of Key Industriesp. 31
The Informal Sector: Casual and Part-Time Employmentp. 33
Ndihme Ekonomike and Other Economic Assistancep. 35
Remittances and Migrationp. 39
Migration Patterns and Flowsp. 40
Who is Migrating?p. 42
Frequency and Length of Migrationp. 44
Benefits of Migrationp. 45
Problems Caused by Migrationp. 46
Infrastructurep. 49
Water and Seweragep. 51
Electricityp. 54
Roadsp. 56
Telecommunicationsp. 56
Educationp. 59
Declining Attendancep. 59
Declining Quality of Teachingp. 62
Health and Healthcarep. 67
Increase in Illnessesp. 67
Declining Healthcare Deliveryp. 68
Social Capitalp. 75
Governancep. 76
Civil Societyp. 83
Ethnic Minoritiesp. 90
Horizontal Organizations and Institutionsp. 93
Family Relations and Female Exclusionp. 96
Social Capital is Finitep. 99
Dimensions and Causes of Poverty in Albaniap. 101
Degrees of Povertyp. 102
Coping Strategiesp. 105
Distance from Urban Centersp. 107
Regional Variations of Povertyp. 108
Causes of Povertyp. 115
Conclusionsp. 121
Policy Implicationsp. 122
Annexes
Explanation of Social Capitalp. 125
"The List"p. 127
Bibliographyp. 129
Map of Albaniap. 133
List of Tables
What Does the Word "Poverty" Mean to You?p. 7
Median Expenditure of Households Each Monthp. 13
Median Amount of Income by Sourcep. 14
Ownership Rates of Household Itemsp. 16
Location of Crop Salesp. 26
Location of Livestock-Related Product Salesp. 26
Purchases of Cropsp. 27
Ndihme Ekonomikep. 35
People's Evaluation of How Government Worksp. 81
Involvement in Community Decisionmakingp. 82
Impact of Politics and Political Parties on My Lifep. 82
How Would You Feel about Having the Following Types of People as a Neighbor?p. 89
Household Characterization of Own Socioeconomic Conditionp. 101
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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