Catalogue

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Crusading peace : Christendom, the Muslim world, and Western political order /
Tomaž Mastnak.
imprint
Berkeley : University of California Press, c2002.
description
xi, 406 p. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
0520226356 (alk. paper), 9780520226357
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Berkeley : University of California Press, c2002.
isbn
0520226356 (alk. paper)
9780520226357
contents note
From holy peace to holy war. The peace of God and the truce of God -- The peacemaking church: from prohibiting war to directing the use of arms -- No more shedding of Christian blood -- The holy manner of warfare. Just war, holy war, the crusade -- Holy wars before the crusades -- Transformation of the church's attitude toward war -- Christendom and the crusade. The first western union: A common front against the pagans -- Making the muslim the enemy -- The Christian offensive: Essalcier Sainte Crestiente -- The papal monarchy and the crusade -- Monks, philosophers, and warrior monks. Sanctification of crime: St. Bernard of Clairvaux.; The infidels are unreasonable and therefore not human: Peter the venerable -- Ordeal by fire: St. Francis of Assisi -- The scientific crusade: Roger Bacon -- The infidel's conscience is inviolable but not his life: St. Thomas Aquinas -- One language, one creed, one faith: Ramon Lull -- The fall of the papal monarchy and the rise of territorial power. Pope Boniface VIII and King Philip IV of France -- resacralization of kingship and the law of necessity -- The universalism of territorial power: French dominion of the world -- Imperialists, Separatists, and Crusaders. Vindications of the empire -- Refutation of universal rule -- The crusade spirit : still "the will of God."
catalogue key
4646465
 
Includes bibliographical references (p. 349-387) and index.
A Look Inside
Excerpts
Flap Copy
"An outstanding work that successfully engages a historical phenomenon of major influence on our lives today and also looks into one of the more treacherous aspects of human thought and behavior... Mastnak shows, in a robust and convincing fashion, that the crusades and the peace movement were two faces of the same coin and analyzes in compelling detail how this dynamic played itself out from the eleventh through the fourteenth centuries."--Michael A. Sells, author ofThe Bridge Betrayed "An enormously important contribution to understanding how Western Europe defined itself as Christendom and then acted on that understanding to shape new and hostile relations with other parts of the world."--Gabrielle M. Spiegel, author ofThe Past as Text
Flap Copy
"An outstanding work that successfully engages a historical phenomenon of major influence on our lives today and also looks into one of the more treacherous aspects of human thought and behavior... Mastnak shows, in a robust and convincing fashion, that the crusades and the peace movement were two faces of the same coin and analyzes in compelling detail how this dynamic played itself out from the eleventh through the fourteenth centuries."--Michael A. Sells, author of The Bridge Betrayed "An enormously important contribution to understanding how Western Europe defined itself as Christendom and then acted on that understanding to shape new and hostile relations with other parts of the world."--Gabrielle M. Spiegel, author of The Past as Text
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2002-10-01:
The Peace of God--an 11th-century effort by French clerics and laity to stamp out regional violence--led directly to defining some wars "just" and all others "unjust." In effect, this created Christendom, a realm in which all Christians were to remain at peace with one another, and identified the external pagan enemy as Islam. When the Investiture Controversy raised the question of who could declare a holy war, Urban II provided the answer at Clermont: the Pope. Thus the Crusades were born. Military setbacks inspired Bernard of Clairvaux, St. Francis, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Roger Bacon to write on the theory of holy wars, but it was the collapse of the papal monarchy after 1300 that required Christians to rethink the justifications for the Crusades and the means of prosecuting them. Potential successors were a universal French monarch, a revived Holy Roman Empire, and a Christian republic. What all these had in common, from the beginning to the end, was a belief that universal peace could only be achieved in a universal Christendom. The desire for peace thus led to war. Suitable for specialists. W. L. Urban Monmouth College (IL)
Reviews
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, October 2002
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Summaries
Bowker Data Service Summary
This analysis of peacemaking in the Western world looks at the struggles that took place in the Middle Ages. It traces the way that the peace movements shaped power struggles within Christendom.
Long Description
Tomaz Mastnak's provocative analysis of the roots of peacemaking in the Western world elucidates struggles for peace that took place in the high and late Middle Ages. Mastnak traces the ways that eleventh-century peace movements, seeking to end violence among Christians, shaped not only power structures within Christendom but also the relationship of the Western Christian world to the world outside. The unification of Christian society under the banner of "holy peace" precipitated a fundamental division between the Christian and non-Christian worlds, and the postulated peace among Christians led to holy war against non-Christians.
Main Description
This book questions the idea of peace in the context of medieval relations between western Christians and the Muslims, and thus, it contributes to rethinking the Western political tradition.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments
From Holy Peace to Holy War
The Peace of God and the Truce of God
The Peacemaking Church
From Prohibiting War to Directing the Use of Arms
No More Shedding of Christian Blood
The Holy Manner of Warfare Just War, Holy War, the Crusade Holy
Wars before the Crusades Transformation of the Church's Attitude toward War
Christendom and the Crusade
The First Western Union: A Common Front against the Pagans
Making the Muslim the Enemy
The Christian Offensive
Essalcier Sainte Crestiente
The Papal Monarchy and the Crusade
Monks, Philosophers, and Warrior Monks
Sanctification of Crime: St Bernard of Clairvaux
The Infidels Are Unreasonable and Therefore Not Human
Peter the Venerable Ordeal by Fire: St Francis of Assisi
The Scientific Crusade
The Infidel's Conscience is Inviolable but Not His Life
St Thomas Aquinas One Language, One Creed, One Faith
The Fall of the Papal Monarchy and the Rise of Territorial Power Pope Boniface VIII and King Philip IV of France
Resacralization of Kingship and the Law of Necessity
The Universalism of Territorial Power
French Dominion of the World
Imperialists, Separatists, and Crusaders Vindications of the Empire Refutation of Universal Rule
The Crusade Spirit: Still "the Will of God"
Works Cited
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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