Catalogue


Undertaker of the mind : John Monro and mad-doctoring in eighteenth-century England /
Jonathan Andrews and Andrew Scull.
imprint
Berkeley : University of California Press, 2001.
description
xxii, 364 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
0520231511 (cloth : alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
added author
imprint
Berkeley : University of California Press, 2001.
isbn
0520231511 (cloth : alk. paper)
catalogue key
4599201
 
Includes bibliographical references (p. 345-355) and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Andrew Scull is Professor of Sociology at the University of California, San Diego.
Excerpts
Flap Copy
"Undertaker of the Mind is the most splendid piece of original research for many a year on the early history of British psychiatry. Brilliantly exploiting hitherto unused documentation, Andrews and Scull bring the once murky world of the eighteenth- century mad-doctor to life, and dispel many deeply embedded myths in the process. Absolutely essential reading!"--Roy Porter, author of The Creation of the Modern World "This is a wonderfully well-written work... The authors reconstruct, in rich and convincing detail, the dilemmas faced by Monro, his patients, their families, and the broader culture when confronted with psychological distress."--Joel Braslow, author of Mental Ills and Bodily Cures "A telling reconstruction of the ideas and practice of probably the most famous psychiatrist in eighteenth-century Britain.... The analyses of Monro's more famous cases, Cruden, Ferrers, etc., are both stimulating and entertaining."--William Bynum, author of Science and the Practice of Medicine in the Nineteenth Century
Flap Copy
" Undertaker of the Mind is the most splendid piece of original research for many a year on the early history of British psychiatry. Brilliantly exploiting hitherto unused documentation, Andrews and Scull bring the once murky world of the eighteenth- century mad-doctor to life, and dispel many deeply embedded myths in the process. Absolutely essential reading!"--Roy Porter, author of The Creation of the Modern World "This is a wonderfully well-written work... The authors reconstruct, in rich and convincing detail, the dilemmas faced by Monro, his patients, their families, and the broader culture when confronted with psychological distress."--Joel Braslow, author of Mental Ills and Bodily Cures "A telling reconstruction of the ideas and practice of probably the most famous psychiatrist in eighteenth-century Britain.... The analyses of Monro's more famous cases, Cruden, Ferrers, etc., are both stimulating and entertaining."--William Bynum, author of Science and the Practice of Medicine in the Nineteenth Century
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Library Journal on 2002-01-01:
John Monro was the eminent 18th-century visiting physician responsible for the Bethlem Hospital, the first public institution for the insane in England. Andrews (Oxford Brookes Univ.; They're in the Trade of Lunacy) and Scull (sociology, Univ. of California; The Most Solitary Affliction) show how Monro and other 18th-century physicians treating the insane were part of the medical establishment and closely reflected the culture of the times. They use case studies of Monro's patients to prove that the "mad" physicians worked with fellow doctors and adhered to standard medical practices. While it's not an earth-shattering thesis, it has not been the focus of previous studies in the field. The case studies and the extensive use of period illustrations and publications also reveal how madness was perceived in society. In particular, the authors focus on what was called religious fanaticism and madness in the aristocracy. Written for informed readers, the book contains extensive notes and a good bibliography. Those interested in the history of insanity in England should also consult Roy Porter's Mind-Forg'd Manacles (1987) and Scull's Masters of Bedlam (Princeton Univ., 1996). Recommended for academic collections. Eric D. Albright, Duke Univ. Medical Ctr. Lib., Durham, NC (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Appeared in Choice on 2002-07-01:
This is both a fascinating and a disturbing book. The modern-day reader may have difficulty getting used to the phrase "mad-doctor" within the context of the authors' use of the term: doctoring was a profession and individuals who were "mad" were "lunatics." Though these phrases now cause psychologists to cringe, Andrews (humanities, Oxford Brookes Univ., UK) and Scull (sociology, Univ. of California, San Diego) convey the importance of "mad-doctoring" in the history of psychology. In this reviewer's opinion, the two most significant concepts to be culled from this work are, first, that Monro's role in the history of the discipline has been greatly underestimated and, second, that the time period of mad-doctoring paved the way for the modern independent practice of psychology. In other words, Monro helped set the stage for plying psychology as a private trade. The description of Bethlem Hospital (commonly known as "Bedlam") is particularly revealing. Recommended to all libraries supporting the history of psychology, this book provides a unique, honest, and disquieting frame of reference for understanding the discipline. R. E. Osborne Southwest Texas State University
Reviews
This item was reviewed in:
Library Journal, January 2002
Choice, July 2002
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Summaries
Bowker Data Service Summary
As visiting physician to Bethlem Hospital, the archetypal Bedlam, Dr John Monro was a celebrity in his own day. Drawing on an array of materials and verbal sources, this text takes an in-depth look at Monro and the history of the mad-doctoring.
Long Description
As visiting physician to Bethlem Hospital, the archetypal "Bedlam" and Britain's first and (for hundreds of years) only public institution for the insane, Dr. John Monro (1715-1791) was a celebrity in his own day. Jonathan Andrews and Andrew Scull call him a "connoisseur of insanity, this high priest of the trade in lunacy." Although the basics of his life and career are well known, this study is the first to explore in depth Monro's colorful and contentious milieu. Mad-doctoring grew into a recognized, if not entirely respectable, profession during the eighteenth century, and besides being affiliated with public hospitals, Monro and other mad-doctors became entrepreneurs and owners of private madhouses and were consulted by the rich and famous. Monro's close social connections with members of the aristocracy and gentry, as well as with medical professionals, politicians, and divines, guaranteed him a significant place in the social, political, cultural, and intellectual worlds of his time. Andrews and Scull draw on an astonishing array of visual materials and verbal sources that include the diaries, family papers, and correspondence of some of England's wealthiest and best-connected citizens. The book is also distinctive in the coverage it affords to individual case histories of Monro's patients, including such prominent contemporary figures as the Earls Ferrers and Orford, the religious "enthusiast" Alexander Cruden, and the "mad" King George III, as well as his crazy would-be assassin, Margaret Nicholson. What the authors make clear is that Monro, a serious physician neither reactionary nor enlightened in his methods, was the outright epitome of the mad-trade as it existed then, esteemed in some quarters and ridiculed in others. The fifty illustrations, expertly annotated and integrated with the text, will be a revelation to many readers.
Main Description
As visiting physician to Bethlem Hospital, the archetypal "Bedlam" and Britains first and (for hundreds of years) only public institution for the insane, Dr. John Monro (1715-1791) was a celebrity in his own day. Jonathan Andrews and Andrew Scull call him a "connoisseur of insanity, this high priest of the trade in lunacy." Although the basics of his life and career are well known, this study is the first to explore in depth Monros colorful and contentious milieu. Mad-doctoring grew into a recognized, if not entirely respectable, profession during the eighteenth century, and besides being affiliated with public hospitals, Monro and other mad-doctors became entrepreneurs and owners of private madhouses and were consulted by the rich and famous. Monros close social connections with members of the aristocracy and gentry, as well as with medical professionals, politicians, and divines, guaranteed him a significant place in the social, political, cultural, and intellectual worlds of his time. Andrews and Scull draw on an astonishing array of visual materials and verbal sources that include the diaries, family papers, and correspondence of some of Englands wealthiest and best-connected citizens. The book is also distinctive in the coverage it affords to individual case histories of Monros patients, including such prominent contemporary figures as the Earls Ferrers and Orford, the religious "enthusiast" Alexander Cruden, and the "mad" King George III, as well as his crazy would-be assassin, Margaret Nicholson. What the authors make clear is that Monro, a serious physician neither reactionary nor enlightened in his methods, was the outright epitome of the mad-trade as it existed then, esteemed in some quarters and ridiculed in others. The fifty illustrations, expertly annotated and integrated with the text, will be a revelation to many readers.
Main Description
Undertaker of the Mind is a wide-ranging study of the place of madness in 18th century English culture and society, seen through the prism of John Monroe's life and medical career.
Publisher Fact Sheet
A social history of madness & the early insane asylums in eighteenth-century England.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrationsp. vii
Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xxi
John Monro: The Making of a Mad-Doctorp. 1
Forging the Early Careerp. 3
The Mad-Doctor and the Throne of Folly: John Monro at Bethlem and Bridewellp. 13
Monro and the Great Bedlam Exhibitionp. 20
How to Treat a Bedlamitep. 28
The "Real Use" of Discussing Madness: The Great Lunacy Debatep. 43
Rivals in Madness: John Monro, William Battie, and St. Luke's Hospital for Lunaticsp. 45
A Very Public Quarrelp. 52
Judging a Debatep. 59
A Cautious Rapprochementp. 70
Madness in Their Methodism: Religious Enthusiasm, the Mad-Doctors, and the Case of Alexander Crudenp. 73
Opposing "Spiritual Physick": The Monros and "Methodical" Madnessp. 75
Providence versus the Mad-Doctors: Alexander the Corrector and the Monrosp. 93
The "Madman" and His Mad-Doctorsp. 107
Cruden's Final Call from Godp. 111
A Last Judgment of Cruden's Casep. 112
Mad as a Lord: Monro and the Case of the Earl of Orfordp. 117
Lunacy and the Moneyed Classesp. 119
The Madness of a Whig Grandeep. 123
How to Treat a Lordp. 131
Lord Orford Recovers His Wits--and Loses Them Againp. 139
Mansions of Misery: Mad-Doctors and the Mad-Tradep. 143
Great Britain a Great Bedlam: The Wider Market for the Mad-Businessp. 145
John Monro and the Private Mad-Businessp. 160
For the Best and the Worst Purposes? Monro, Madhouses, and False Confinementp. 170
Monro Becomes Part of the Businessp. 179
Murder Most Foul, Madness Most High: The Courtroom, the Stateroom, and the Misty Summits of the Mad-Doctor's Expertisep. 191
A Notorious Murder: The "Ferocious" Earl Ferrersp. 193
The Mad-Doctor, Mad Meg, and State Committals to Bethlemp. 215
The Mad-Doctor and the Mad King: The Royal Malady and the End of Monro's Careerp. 254
Notesp. 265
Select Bibliographyp. 345
Indexp. 357
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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