Catalogue


Joseph W. Byrns of Tennessee : a political biography /
Ann B. Irish.
edition
1st ed.
imprint
Knoxville : University of Tennessee Press, c2001.
description
xvi, 318 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
1572331313 (alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
author
imprint
Knoxville : University of Tennessee Press, c2001.
isbn
1572331313 (alk. paper)
catalogue key
4592388
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
A retired high school teacher and distant relative of Joseph Byrns, Ann B. Irish holds a doctorate in history from the University of Washington. She lives on Vashon Island, Washington
Reviews
This item was reviewed in:
Reference & Research Book News, February 2002
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Summaries
Main Description
"Through painstaking research in archives across the nation, Ann Irish has produced an illuminating portrait of one of modern Tennessee's most significant, but least appreciated, public figures."-Carroll Van West, Middle Tennessee State University "A thoroughly researched and gracefully written account of the man who served as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives during the critically important Second New Deal period. This book will be of interest to students of Tennessee political history as well as scholars of reform in the twentieth-century United States."-Roger Biles, East Carolina University During a congressional career that lasted nearly three decades, Joseph W. Byrns (18691936) exercised significant influence in Washington. He served as chairman of both the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee and the House Appropriations Committee before becoming Speaker of the House in 1935. In this first full-length biography, Ann B. Irish explores Byrnes's life and career, detailing his achievements and assessing their impact. After serving in the Tennessee General Assembly from 1895 to 1901, Byrns was elected to Congress in 1909. He was involved in tariff issues, World War I expenditures, economic development of impoverished areas, and farm policy. As a longtime senior Democrat on the Appropriations Committee, he played a major role in creating the first budget system for the United States government. Ever responsive to the needs of his constituents, Byrns strove during the Depression years for two urgent but somewhat contradictory goals: a balanced budget and relief for the needy. In 1932, he was instrumental in defeating a proposed federal sales tax. During Franklin D. Roosevelt's first term, Byrns was House Majority Leader for two years, then Speaker. As a moderate southern Democrat, he privately questioned some of Roosevelt's programs but nevertheless embraced the New Deal out of party loyalty. He introduced the bill creating the Civilian Conservation Corps and successfully maneuvered other major New Deal initiatives through Congress. His sudden death in 1936 cut short his career at the very point when he was most influential. Drawing on extensive and meticulous research, Irish shows how Byrns's political skills as well his reputation for fairness and consideration helped propel him into the House leadership. Her biography of this long-neglected figure will prove a valuable addition to the political history of both Tennessee and the nation. The Author: A retired high school teacher and distant relative of Joseph Byrns, Ann B. Irish holds a doctorate in history from the University of Washington. She lives on Vashon Island, Washington.
Publisher Fact Sheet
During a congressional career that lasted nearly three decades, Joseph W. Byrns (1869-1936) exercised significant influence in Washington. He served as chairman of both the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee & the House Appropriations Committee before becoming Speaker of the House in 1935. In this first full-length biography, Ann B. Irish explores Byrns's life & career, detailing his achievements & assessing their impact. After serving in the Tennessee General Assembly from 1895 to 1901, Byrns was elected to Congress in 1909. He was involved in tariff issues, World War I expenditures, economic development of impoverished areas, & farm policy. As a longtime senior Democrat on the Appropriations Committee, he played a major role in creating the first budget system for the U.S. government. Ever responsive to the needs of his constituents, Byrns strove during the Depression years for two urgent but somewhat contradictory goals: a balanced budget & relief for the needy. In 1932, he was instrumental in defeating a proposed federal sales tax. During Franklin D. Roosevelt's first term, Byrns was House Majority Leader for two years, then Speaker. As a moderate southern Democrat, he privately questioned some of Roosevelt's programs but nevertheless embraced the New Deal out of party loyalty. He introduced the bill creating the Civilian Conservation Corps & successfully maneuvered other major New Deal initiatives through Congress. His sudden death in 1936 cut short his career at the very point when he was most influential. Drawing on extensive & meticulous research, Irish shows how Byrns's political skills as well his reputation for fairness & consideration helped propel him into the House leadership. Her biography of this long-neglected figure will prove a valuable addition to the political history of both Tennessee & the nation.
Unpaid Annotation
During a congressional career that lasted nearly three decades, Joseph W. Byrns (1869-1936) exercised significant influence in Washington. He served as chairman of both the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee and the House Appropriations Committee before becoming Speaker of the House in 1935. In this first full-length biography, Ann B. Irish explores Byrns's life and career, detailing his achievements and assessing their impact.After serving in the Tennessee General Assembly from 1895 to 1901, Byrns was elected to Congress in 1909. He was involved in tariff issues, World War I expenditures, economic development of impoverished areas, and farm policy. As a longtime senior Democrat on the Appropriations Committee, he played a major role in creating the first budget system for the U.S. government. Ever responsive to the needs of his constituents, Byrns strove during the Depression years for two urgent but somewhat contradictory goals: a balanced budget and relief for the needy. In 1932, he was instrumental in defeating a proposed federal sales tax.During Franklin D. Roosevelt's first term, Byrns was House Majority Leader for two years, then Speaker. As a moderate southern Democrat, he privately questioned some of Roosevelt's programs but nevertheless embraced the New Deal out of party loyalty. He introduced the bill creating the Civilian Conservation Corps and successfully maneuvered other major New Deal initiatives through Congress. His sudden death in 1936 cut short his career at the very point when he was most influential.Drawing on extensive and meticulous research, Irish shows how Byrns's political skills as well his reputation for fairness and consideration helpedpropel him into the House leadership. Her biography of this long-neglected figure will prove a valuable addition to the political history of both Tennessee and the nation.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. xiii
Joe Byrns and His Familyp. 1
The Legislature and the Lawp. 11
Early Years in Congressp. 32
The Wilson Yearsp. 59
The Republican 1920sp. 77
Byrns and the Great Depressionp. 109
Depression Political Campaignsp. 137
Majority Leader Byrnsp. 160
Winning the Speakershipp. 189
Speaker Byrnsp. 216
Conclusionp. 251
Notesp. 261
Bibliographyp. 295
Indexp. 307
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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