Managing the counterrevolution : the United States and Guatemala, 1954-1961 /
Stephen M. Streeter.
Athens : Ohio University Center for International Studies, c2000.
xv, 384 p. ; 22 cm.
0896802159 (pbk. : alk. paper)
More Details
Athens : Ohio University Center for International Studies, c2000.
0896802159 (pbk. : alk. paper)
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Stephen M. Streeter teaches in the history department at McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario.
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2001-09-01:
Streeter (McMaster Univ.) offers a well-documented account of the Guatemalan "counterrevolution" engineered by the Eisenhower administration and develops an intriguing argument: what happened after the overthrow of Jacobo Arbenz--the management of the consequences--reveals more than the coup itself. Streeter claims that US anticommunism was exaggerated and its pro-"liberal developmentalism" doomed because of short-sighted support of the United Fruit Company and other foreign and domestic elites. Hence US actions increased, rather than diminished, Guatemalan nationalism, leading, after President Castillo Armas's assassination, to small deviations from the US line by President Ydigoras, then to dictatorial governments from the 1960s on. Streeter also claims to discern a larger pattern of US "failure" (Iran in 1953) and "success" (Brazil in 1964, Chile in 1973) in managing counterrevolutions once Eisenhower initiated the policy. Curiously, Cuba and Vietnam are not instanced, presumably because even the attempted coups failed. Streeter's work clearly contributes to at least three lines of work on US-Latin American relations: studies of Latin American nations' degrees of freedom from dependency; post-Cold War studies of Cold War episodes; and studies of nationalist, rather than explicitly Marxist, reactions to the "world system" of the Cold War. Graduate students and specialists. T. J. Knight Colorado State University
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Choice, September 2001
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Main Description
The Eisenhower administration's intervention in Guatemala is one of the most closely studied covert operations in the history of the Cold War. Yet we know far more about the 1954 coup itself than its aftermath. This book uses the concept of "counterrevolution" to trace the Eisenhower administration's efforts to restore U.S. hegemony in a nation whose reform governments had antagonized U.S. economic interests and the local elite. Comparing the Guatemalan case to U.S.-sponsored counterrevolutions in Iran, the Dominican Republic, Brazil, and Chile reveals that Washington's efforts to roll back "communism" in Latin America and elsewhere during the Cold War represented in reality a short-term strategy to protect core American interests from the rising tide of Third World nationalism.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Abbreviationsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Overthrowing the Revolution: U.S.-Guatemalan Relations to 1954p. 7
Installing the Dictator: The Presidency of Carlos Castillo Armasp. 33
Manipulating Politics: The 1957-1958 Presidential Electionsp. 59
Guiding a Caudillo: The Presidency of Miguel Ydigoras Fuentesp. 78
Financing the Counterrevolution: The Guatemala Lobbyp. 108
Shaping the Public Sector: The Parallel Governmentp. 137
Salvaging the Multinational Corporations: UFCO, IRCA, and Empresa Electricap. 164
Shaping the Private Sector: Diversifying Foreign Investmentp. 189
Keeping the Top on the Volcano: The MR-13 Rebellionp. 210
Conclusionp. 239
Abbreviations Used in the Notesp. 249
Notesp. 251
Bibliographyp. 333
Indexp. 371
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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