Catalogue


The rich and the poor : Jewish philanthropy and social control in nineteenth-century London /
Mordechai Rozin.
imprint
Brighton ; Portland : Sussex Academic Press, 1999.
description
xi, 268 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
1898723796 (hc : alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Brighton ; Portland : Sussex Academic Press, 1999.
isbn
1898723796 (hc : alk. paper)
catalogue key
4359947
 
Includes bibliographical references (p. 247-256) and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Mordechai Rozin is a Senior Lecturer at the School of Social Work, Bar-Ilan University, Israel
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1999-11:
Rozin (Bar Ilan Univ.) builds on Vivian Lipman's pioneering 1959 study of the Jewish Board of Guardians and of the Board's administration of philanthropic resources for London's Jewish community. Formed by statute in 1859, the Jewish Board of Guardians was given special responsibility for caring for poor Jews, and it implemented philanthropic activity with parsimony and suspicion of the poor's motives similar to that of other nonsectarian agencies. The difference lay in the total control exercised by the Jewish elite, who accepted their responsibility for their less-well-off co-religionists but feared that Jewish poor would undermine the assimilation of Jews into English culture and threaten social stability in East London. Rozin emphasizes the class divisions in Jewish society that were highlighted in the administration of philanthropy and the ways in which constant Jewish immigration from eastern Europe threatened the Jewish elites' conception of the proper cultural role for Jews in England. This book provides a valuable historiographical context for understanding Anglo-Jewish philanthropy and culture, and the manner in which philanthropic activity was delivered in education, clubs, and various organizations, as well as through the more common assessment of need and provision for "deserving" Jewish poor. An important contribution to social work and social welfare history. Upper-division undergraduates and above. M. J. Moore; Appalachian State University
Reviews
Review Quotes
"A significant contribution to our understanding of the mixed economy of welfare in nineteenth-century England." Social Policy
"A valuable contribution to the literature of London's Jewry... it should stimulate research into the history of the Jewish secular associations of this country." London Journal
"Provides a valuable historiographical context for understanding Anglo-Jewish philanthropy... An important contribution to social work and social welfare history." Choice
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Choice, November 1999
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Summaries
Main Description
This book shows how a centrally planned philanthropy developed within the London Jewish community in the 19th century, culminating in the establishment and development of the Jewish Board of Guardians. The process involved crucial power relations within the Jewish community and the wider British society. Jewish philanthropy was adapted by the Jewish elite and modified according to contemporary ideologies to become a base for social control of the poor. The cautious approach of the elite towards the poverty both of native Jews and of immigrants dates from the very beginning of the century, and indeed earlier times. The establishment of the Board is set in the context of debates over earlier proposals such as the schemes of Colquhoun and Van Oven, and faudel. Key areas covered in this work include health, employment, loans and housing - all in the context of the massive and burgioning metropolis that was 19th century London. A system of "checks and balances" developed wherby Jewish phila
Main Description
This book shows how a centrally planned philanthropy developed within the London Jewish community in the 19th century, culminating in the establishment and development of the Jewish Board of Guardians. The process involved crucial power relations within the Jewish community and the wider British society. Jewish philanthropy was adapted by the Jewish elite and modified according to contemporary ideologies to become a base for social control of the poor. The cautious approach of the elite towards the poverty both of native Jews and of immigrants dates from the very beginning of the century, and indeed earlier times. The establishment of the Board is set in the context of debates over earlier proposals such as the schemes of Colquhoun and Van Oven, and faudel. Key areas covered in this work include health, employment, loans and housing - all in the context of the massive and burgioning metropolis that was 19th century London. A system of "checks and balances" developed wherby Jewish philanthropic institutions sought to discourage the immigration of the poor of Eastern Europe. But by the time mass immigration did occur the elite felt secure enough to seek the aid of an increasingly collectivist state. Although challenged by a vociferous immigrant working class, the elit successfully contained and limited class division within the Jewish community. This book includes recently released archival material from the Jewish Board of Guardians, and uses the recorded words of the elite themselves to illustrate the thinking of an enterprising and ingenious social class defending it position in a critical period.
Main Description
This book shows how a centrally planned philanthropy developed within the London Jewish community in the nineteenth century, culminating in the establishment and development of the Jewish Board of Guardians.
Table of Contents
Forewordp. vii
Preface and Acknowledgementsp. ix
List of Abbreviationsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Outline of the Bookp. 6
Sourcesp. 10
Jewish Philanthropy: Power and Interestsp. 13
Historical Perspectivesp. 13
Defining Tzedakahp. 23
The Jewish Elite and the Jewish Poorp. 31
The Colquhoun--van Oven Schemep. 47
Background to the Schemep. 47
Principal Proposals of the Schemep. 54
Opposition to the Schemep. 58
Effects of the Failed Schemep. 66
Wealth and Poverty: A Widening Gapp. 68
Educating the Poorp. 68
The Rich in Search of Powerp. 79
The Faudel Schemep. 104
The Jewish Board of Guardiansp. 113
Ideologies And Policyp. 113
Controlling the Immigration of the Poorp. 134
Disciplining the Poor: Jewish Philanthropy and the Poor Lawp. 147
Social, Economic and Cultural Policy of the Boardp. 162
Finance: Checks and Balancesp. 162
Restricted Policy Arrangementsp. 171
Workp. 171
Loansp. 177
Healthp. 178
Housingp. 183
Acculturation: Anglicizationp. 188
Acculturation: Patronage and Anglicizationp. 189
Schoolingp. 191
Jewish Pressp. 192
Social Organization Beyond the Jewish Elitep. 194
Jewish Philanthropy at the Turn of the Century: Incrementalism and Survivalp. 203
Conclusionsp. 215
Excerpts from Laws Concerning Gifts for the Poor--Mishneh Torah by Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon (Maimonides, 1135-1204)p. 227
Selective Chronology: Developments of English and Jewish Social Policy and Philanthropyp. 236
Glossaryp. 244
Select Bibliographyp. 247
Indexp. 257
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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