Peace and war on the Anglo-Cherokee frontier, 1756-63 /
John Oliphant.
Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave, 2001.
xvii, 269 p. : maps ; 23 cm.
More Details
Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave, 2001.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
A native of Australia, John Stuart Oliphant is an independent scholar and a member of the Institute of Historical Research at the University of London
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Publishers Weekly on 2000-08-25:
By the mid-18th century, British policy reflected the premise that peace in North America depended on recognizing and adjusting claims of both whites and Indians, argues Oliphant, a University of London Institute of Historical Research scholarÄprovocatively and convincingly challenging the cultural studies models currently dominating analysis of Anglo/Amerindian relations. In the context of Anglo-Cherokee relations, claims adjustment meant questions of trade, land ownership and sovereignty: the pressures of the French and Indian War and the distances from London to North America and from the coasts to the frontier, Oliphant shows, precluded implementing coherent policies. Instead, local forces and individuals were able to shape eventsÄusually to the detriment of all involved. Oliphant demonstrates that arrogance, misunderstanding and simple villainy were amply present on both sides and bade fair to create a state of permanent war on the Cherokee frontier in the Carolina Alleghanies. The tide turned, however, when a body of leaders took control of the situation and pursued a moderate solution: British Col. Richard Montgomery and Col. James Grant rebuilt Cherokee trust in British intentions. Cherokee statesmen like Attakullakulla and Connecorte, and war leaders like SerowehÄtheir names too often missing from mainstream historyÄrisked their lives and their honor to conclude a peace, based on mutual respect and mutual interest, that endured until the American Revolution. A particular strength of Oliphant's work is its demonstration of a growing synergy between force and negotiation in both British and Cherokee approaches to policy. The Cherokee thereby emerge as a political society rather than a tribal one, fighting less by reflex, to defend a way of life, than from policy, to develop or improve negotiating positions. Oliphant's implied suggestionÄthat 18th-century European concepts of limited war for a compromise peace may have had promise in North American contextsÄmerits wide and serious consideration. (Oct.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved
Bowker Data Service Summary
This narrative study of the Anglo-Cherokee war, focuses on the actions of individuals, rather than cultural differences. The text includes accurate details of events and developments before, during and after the war.
Main Description
In the winter of 1760 Cherokee warriors attacked the South Carolina frontier, driving the settlements back over a hundred miles. Intrusive settlers, the failing deerskin trade, and the treachery of a British governor all contributed to the collapse of trust. In this original study, John Oliphant emphasizes the central role of individuals in shaping the course of relations between colonists and Indians during the Anglo-Cherokee War of 1759-61. He argues that in a world where four colonial governments, an overburdened Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and the increasingly important military commanders all competed for a share of southern Indian relations, determined individuals could -- and did -- have an immense influence over Anglo-Amerindian relations in general and over Anglo-Cherokee relations in particular.
Table of Contents
List of Mapsp. ix
Prefacep. xi
Long Canes Creek: Anglo-Cherokee Relations to 1756p. 1
'Two Brothers Falling Out': the Slide to War, 1756-59p. 31
Lyttelton's Folly: How the Anglo-Cherokee War Beganp. 69
'The Sweet Bond of Human Things': Soldiers Seeking Peace 1760p. 113
The Carpenter and the Colonelp. 140
The Carpenter, the Corn Puller and the 'Town of Lyes'p. 169
Epilogue: Toward Augustap. 191
Prominent Cherokeesp. 208
Notesp. 210
Bibliographyp. 255
Indexp. 264
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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