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Organizing, role enactment, and disaster : a structural theory /
Gary A. Kreps and Susan Lovegren Bosworth ; with Jennifer A. Mooney, Stephen T. Russell, and Kristen A. Myers.
Newark : University of Delaware Press ; London : Associated University Presses, c1994.
221 p. : ill.
0874134684 (alk. paper)
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Newark : University of Delaware Press ; London : Associated University Presses, c1994.
0874134684 (alk. paper)
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1994-06:
In the past 18 months Americans have witnessed earthquake and mudslide, fire, flood, and wind, and the bombing of the World Trade Center. Especially appropriate at this time, this study serves to further systematize the disaster reseach enterprise that began in the early 1950s with the work of E.L. Quarantelli and Charles E. Fritz at the National Opinion Research Center. Building on approaches to theory construction provided by Robert Dubin and Ralph Turner--the latter relating directly to interaction between role enactment (performance) and social organization--the authors try to construct a theoretic orientation about the role/organization nexus. They argue that "a developmental theory of organization becomes more powerful by adding the concept of role to it." Using an extensive body of archival interview data gathered during disasters, the researchers discover that as individuals and organizations become mobilized for action in a disaster, role-playing increases as role-making increases. They also learned that differences between collective behavior and organizations can be understood in terms of the operation of four elements: domains, tasks, human and material resources, and activities. The authors' arguments are certainly provocative, but their claim to have generated laws of interaction must be questioned. Graduate; faculty; professional. L. Braude; SUNY College at Fredonia
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, June 1994
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Unpaid Annotation
The authors construct a formal theory of organizing and role enactment during the emergency period of disaster. Three core social processes are derived from Ralph Turner's theorizing about role systems: role allocation, role complementarity, and role differentiation.
Table of Contents
List of Figures and Tablesp. 9
Forewordp. 13
Acknowledgmentsp. 15
Disaster Archives, a Research Program, and Sociological Theoryp. 19
Structure as Process: Organization and Rolep. 38
A Dialogue on Disaster, Organization, and Rolep. 66
Role Dynamics and Emergent Organizations: Conception and Measurementp. 86
Role Dynamics at the Individual Level of Analysisp. 114
Modeling Individual Role Dynamicsp. 138
A Theory of Disaster, Organization, and Rolep. 165
Appendix A: Means, Standard Deviations, and Correlations of Model Variables (Chapter 2)p. 192
Appendix B: Means, Standard Deviations, and Correlations of Model Variables (Chapter 6)p. 192
Appendix C: Data Protocol for the Theory (Chapter 7)p. 193
Notesp. 198
Bibliographyp. 209
Indexp. 217
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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