Armenians and the Iranian Constitutional Revolution of 1905-1911 /
Houri Berberian.
Boulder, Col. : Westview Press, 2001.
xii, 226 p. : ill., map
0813338174 (alk. paper)
More Details
Boulder, Col. : Westview Press, 2001.
0813338174 (alk. paper)
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Houri Berberian is assistant professor of history at California State University, Long Beach
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2001-09-01:
A new generation of scholars with roots or connections with the Middle East is exploring areas of the region's historiography that generally have been either ignored or forgotten. Berberian (history, California State, Long Beach) thoroughly analyzes how and why Armenians became involved in the Iranian Revolution. Against a brief background of Armenian social and cultural history, the author concentrates on the conditions in the Ottoman Empire, Russia, and Iran in the late 19th through the early 20th centuries. The brutal treatment of Ottoman Armenians became the focus of the Armenian revolutionary movement. Conditions in the Russian-ruled Caucasus were the sources of the nationalist and socialist revolutionary movement among the Armenian intelligentsia. In Iran, Armenians experienced major transitions in education and politics. The Dashnaktsutiun and the Hnchakian parties joined the Iranian constitutionalists and the Caucasian Muslim revolutionaries in Iran, and until 1911, they made significant ideological and military contributions to the Iranian Revolution, "despite their own prejudices and limitations and those of others." With a solidly objective presentation, the book is extensively researched and heavily footnoted. Berberian provides a refreshingly new light and perspective on the role and activism of Armenian women. The Iranian constitutional movement has been studied by many historians, but until Berberian, none has paid adequate attention to the role of Iranian Armenians and the consequences of their retreat from Iranian politics. All collections. N. Rassekh Lewis and Clark College
Review Quotes
"Using Armenian and Persian sources as well as European ones, Berberian has produced a succinct and meticulous but highly readable work examining the participation of Armenians in the Constitutional Revolution. . . . Overall, Berberian has provided us with a highly enjoyable book on a lively topic. It will remain the definitive work on the subject until historians gain free access to the Hunchak archives on Iran; to the Social Democratic records stored in the Caucasus, especially Baku; and, most important of all, to the massive Ottoman files dealing with Iran . . . Until then, Berberian's work will be the last word on the subject. " -- The American Historical Review "Houri Berberian's Armenians and the Iranian Constitutional Revolution of 1905-1911 . . . [provides] a comprehensive and sustained account based on original research in Armenian and Persian. In addition to investigating the motivations and conflicts that guided Armenian participation over the course of the revolution, Berberian breaks new ground by concurrently exploring the role and activism of Armenian women. . . . In sum, Houri Berberian has investigated an important facet of the Iranian Constitutional Revolution, probing issues and answering questions about the role of Armenians that were heretofore either ignored or left to speculation. . . . lucidly argued and skillfully edited." -- Iranian Studies "Berberian's probing treatment of the subject enriches our understanding of both Armenian history and the Iranian Constitutional Revolution." --The Historian "The Iranian constitutional movement has been studied by many historians, but until Berberian, none has paid adequate attention to the role of Iranian Armenians and the consequences of their retreat from Iranian politics." --Choice "A welcome addition to the growing number of volumes on the subject." --Middle East Journal
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, September 2001
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Main Description
Drawing upon original sources, this study provides the most comprehensive treatment to date of the issue of Armenian politicization and participation in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution (1905-1911). Houri Berberian traces the political, economic, and social situation of Armenians in the nineteenth century with a special emphasis on the Armenian provinces of the Ottoman Empire, which became the focus of the Armenian revolutionary movement in the late nineteenth century, and on the Russian-ruled Caucasus, which became the source of the nationalist and socialist revolutionary movement. Discussion of the Iranian Armenian community includes, for the first time, a look into the roles and activism of Iranian Armenian women. Berberian explores the ideological, political, and pragmatic motivations of Armenians, and examines the collaboration of Armenian and Iranian constitutionalists, drawing attention to the ideological and military contributions of Armenians to the revolution as well as to the internal and external conflicts among Armenian activists and between Armenian and Iranian constitutionalist elements. Berberian concludes with a discussion of the causes and consequences of the retreat of Armenians from Iranian politics.
Main Description
The most comprehensive treatment to date of the unique intellectual, political, and military role of an ethnic and religious minority--the Armenians--in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution (1905-1911), the bases of that participation, the causes of involvement, and the collaborative (and at times conflicting) relations among Armenian and Iranian constitutionalist elements.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Prefacep. xi
Note on Transliterationp. xii
Map of Iranp. xiii
Photographsp. xiv
Introductionp. 1
The Caucasus and Iranp. 5
Caucasian Communal Violencep. 6
Blurred Identitiesp. 8
Overviewp. 10
Notesp. 11
Armenians in the Nineteenth Centuryp. 15
The Ottoman Armenian Communityp. 17
The Russian Armenian Communityp. 21
Notesp. 29
The Iranian Armenian Communityp. 34
Armenians in Iran Before the Nineteenth Centuryp. 35
Iranian Armenian Communities in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuriesp. 37
Educationp. 42
Prerevolutionary Political Activitiesp. 48
Conclusionp. 54
Notesp. 55
Ideological, Political, and Pragmatic Motivationsp. 67
The Ottoman Empire: Peril and Hopep. 68
The Russian Empire: Imperilment and Inspirationp. 73
Socialism and Solidarityp. 86
Iran: New Realities and New Possibilitiesp. 94
Conclusionp. 99
Notesp. 100
Collaboration, Contribution, and Contentionp. 116
Dashnakist Dilemmas and Decisionsp. 116
Dashnakist Collaboration: From Sweets to Armsp. 129
Other Avenues of Contributionp. 139
Social Democratic Collaboration: The Pen and the Swordp. 142
Battles on Different Fronts: "We came, we saw, and we conquered?"p. 149
Conclusion: Still Troubles Aheadp. 156
Notesp. 156
Retreat and Shift of Focusp. 173
Russian Terror and the Threat of Dissolution: "Finito Persia,"p. 174
Partial Retreat: Doubts and Demandsp. 175
Complete Retreat: Disillusion and Resignationp. 181
Majles Boycottp. 183
Conclusion: The End of the Endp. 184
Notesp. 188
Bibliographyp. 195
Indexp. 215
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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