Catalogue


Automation, production systems, and computer-integrated manufacturing /
Mikell P. Groover.
edition
2nd ed.
imprint
Upper Saddle River, NJ : Prentice Hall, 2001.
description
xv, 856 p. : ill.
ISBN
0130889784
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Upper Saddle River, NJ : Prentice Hall, 2001.
isbn
0130889784
catalogue key
4183826
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
Excerpts
Introduction or Preface
Preface The first edition of this book was published in 1980 under the titleAutomation, Production Systems, and Computer-Aided Manufacturing.A revision was published in 1987 with about 200 more pages and a slightly different title:Automation, Production Systems, and Computer Integrated Manufacturing.The additional pages expanded the coverage of topics like industrial robotics, programmable logic controllers, material handling and storage, and quality control. But much of the book was very similar to the 1980 text. By the time I started work on the current volume (technically the second edition of the 1987 title, but in fact the third generation of the 1980 publication), it was clear that the book was in need of a thorough rewriting. New technologies had been developed and existing technologies had advanced, new theories and methodologies had emerged in the research literature, and my own understanding of automation and production systems had grown and matured (at least I think so). Readers of the two previous books will find this new volume to be quite different from its predecessors. Its organization is significantly changed, new topics have been added, and some topics from the previous editions have been discarded or reduced in coverage. It is not an exaggeration to say that the entire text has been rewritten (readers will find very few instances where I have used the same wording as in the previous editions). Nearly all of the figures are new. It is essentially a new book. There is a risk in changing the book so much. Both of the previous editions have been very successful for Prentice Hall and me. Many instructors have adopted the book and have become accustomed to its organization and coverage. Many courses have been developed based on the book. What will these instructors think of the new edition, with all of its new and different features? My hope is that they will try out the new book and find it to be a significant improvement over the 1987 edition, as well as any other textbook on the subject. Specifically, what are the changes in this new edition? To begin with, the organization has been substantially revised. Following two introductory chapters, the book is organized into five main parts: Automation and control technologies:Six chapters on automation, industrial computer control, control system components, numerical control, industrial robotics, and programmable logic controllers. Material handling technologies:Four chapters covering conventional and automated material handling systems (e.g., conveyor systems and automated guided vehicle systems), conventional and automated storage systems, and automatic identification and data capture. Manufacturing systems:Seven chapters on a manufacturing systems taxonomy, single station cells, group technology, flexible manufacturing systems, manual assembly lines, transfer lines, and automated assembly. Quality control systems:Four chapters covering quality assurance, statistical process control, inspection principles, and inspection technologies (e.g., coordinate measuring machines and machine vision). Manufacturing support systems:Four chapters on product design and CAD/CAM, process planning, production planning and control, and lean production and agile manufacturing. Other changes in organization and coverage in the current edition, compared with the 1987 book, include: Expanded coverage of automation fundamentals, numerical control programming, group technology, flexible manufacturing systems, material handling and storage, quality control and inspection, inspection technologies, programmable logic controllers. New chapters or sections on manufacturing systems, single station manufacturing systems, mixed-model assembly line analysis, quality assurance and statistical process control, Taguchi methods,
First Chapter

Preface

The first edition of this book was published in 1980 under the titleAutomation, Production Systems, and Computer-Aided Manufacturing.A revision was published in 1987 with about 200 more pages and a slightly different title:Automation, Production Systems, and Computer Integrated Manufacturing.The additional pages expanded the coverage of topics like industrial robotics, programmable logic controllers, material handling and storage, and quality control. But much of the book was very similar to the 1980 text. By the time I started work on the current volume (technically the second edition of the 1987 title, but in fact the third generation of the 1980 publication), it was clear that the book was in need of a thorough rewriting. New technologies had been developed and existing technologies had advanced, new theories and methodologies had emerged in the research literature, and my own understanding of automation and production systems had grown and matured (at least I think so). Readers of the two previous books will find this new volume to be quite different from its predecessors. Its organization is significantly changed, new topics have been added, and some topics from the previous editions have been discarded or reduced in coverage. It is not an exaggeration to say that the entire text has been rewritten (readers will find very few instances where I have used the same wording as in the previous editions). Nearly all of the figures are new. It is essentially a new book.

There is a risk in changing the book so much. Both of the previous editions have been very successful for Prentice Hall and me. Many instructors have adopted the book and have become accustomed to its organization and coverage. Many courses have been developed based on the book. What will these instructors think of the new edition, with all of its new and different features? My hope is that they will try out the new book and find it to be a significant improvement over the 1987 edition, as well as any other textbook on the subject.

Specifically, what are the changes in this new edition? To begin with, the organization has been substantially revised. Following two introductory chapters, the book is organized into five main parts:

  • Automation and control technologies:Six chapters on automation, industrial computer control, control system components, numerical control, industrial robotics, and programmable logic controllers.
  • Material handling technologies:Four chapters covering conventional and automated material handling systems (e.g., conveyor systems and automated guided vehicle systems), conventional and automated storage systems, and automatic identification and data capture.
  • Manufacturing systems:Seven chapters on a manufacturing systems taxonomy, single station cells, group technology, flexible manufacturing systems, manual assembly lines, transfer lines, and automated assembly.
  • Quality control systems:Four chapters covering quality assurance, statistical process control, inspection principles, and inspection technologies (e.g., coordinate measuring machines and machine vision).
  • Manufacturing support systems:Four chapters on product design and CAD/CAM, process planning, production planning and control, and lean production and agile manufacturing.
  • Other changes in organization and coverage in the current edition, compared with the 1987 book, include:

    • Expanded coverage of automation fundamentals, numerical control programming, group technology, flexible manufacturing systems, material handling and storage, quality control and inspection, inspection technologies, programmable logic controllers.
    • New chapters or sections on manufacturing systems, single station manufacturing systems, mixed-model assembly line analysis, quality assurance and statistical process control, Taguchi methods, inspection principles and technologies, concurrent engineering, automatic identification and data collection, lean and agile manufacturing.
    • Consolidation of numerical control into one chapter (the old edition had three chapters).
    • Consolidation of industrial robotics into one chapter (the old edition had three chapters).
    • The chapters on control systems have been completely revised to reflect current industry practice and technology.
    • More quantitative problems on more topics: nearly 400 problems in the new edition, which is almost a 50% increase over the 1987 edition.
    • Historical notes describing the development and historical background of many of the automation technologies.

    With all of these changes and new features, the principle objective of the book remains the same. It is a textbook designed primarily for engineering students at the advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate levels. It has the characteristics of an engineering textbook: equations, example problems, diagrams, and end-of-chapter exercises. ASolutions Manualis available from Prentice Hall for instructors who adopt the book.

    The book should also be useful for practicing engineers and managers who wish to learn about automation and production systems technologies in modern manufacturing. In several chapters, application guidelines are presented to help readers decide whether the particular technology may be appropriate for their operations.

    Reviews
    This item was reviewed in:
    SciTech Book News, December 2000
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    Summaries
    Unpaid Annotation
    NEW ORGANIZATION. The second edition consists of five parts, following two introductory chapters: I. Automation and control technologies: industrial computer control, control system components, numerical control, industrial robotics, programmable logic controllers. II. Material handling technologies: conveyor systems, automated guided vehicle systems, automated storage systems, automatic identification and data capture. III. Manufacturing systems: single station cells, group technology, flexible manufacturing systems, assembly lines, transfer lines. IV. Quality control systems: statistical process control, inspection principles and technologies. V. Manufacturing support systems: CAD/CAM, process planning, production planning, production planning and control, lean production and agile manufacturing. TEXT FEATURES Expanded coverage of automation fundamentals, numerical control programming, group technology, flexible manufacturing systems, material handling and storage, quality control and inspection, inspection technologies, programmable logic controllers. New chapters or sections on manufacturing systems, single station manufacturing systems, mixed-model assembly line analysis, quality assurance and statistical process control, Taguchi methods, inspection principles and technologies, concurrent engineering, automatic identification and data collection, lean and agile manufacturing. Higher quantitative and engineering content in the text with more equations and example problems More quantitative problems on more topics: 385 problems in the new edition, 125 more than the 1987edition. Historical notes describing the development and historical background of many of the automation technologies.
    Long Description
    For advanced undergraduate/ graduate-level courses in Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing. This exploration of the technical and engineering aspects of automated production systems provides the most advanced, comprehensive, and balanced coverage of the subject of any text on the market. It covers all the major cutting-edge technologies of production automation and material handling, and how these technologies are used to construct modern manufacturing systems.
    Back Cover Copy
    NEW ORGANIZATION.The second edition consists of five parts, following two introductory chapters: I.Automation and control technologies:industrial computer control, control system components, numerical control, industrial robotics, programmable logic controllers. II.Material handling technologies:conveyor systems, automated guided vehicle systems, automated storage systems, automatic identification and data capture. III.Manufacturing systems:single station cells, group technology, flexible manufacturing systems, assembly lines, transfer lines. IV.Quality control systems:statistical process control, inspection principles and technologies. V.Manufacturing support systems:CAD/CAM, process planning, production planning, production planning and control, lean production and agile manufacturing. TEXT FEATURES Expanded coverage of automation fundamentals, numerical control programming, group technology, flexible manufacturing systems, material handling and storage, quality control and inspection, inspection technologies, programmable logic controllers. New chapters or sections on manufacturing systems, single station manufacturing systems, mixed-model assembly line analysis, quality assurance and statistical process control, Taguchi methods, inspection principles and technologies, concurrent engineering, automatic identification and data collection, lean and agile manufacturing. Higher quantitative and engineering content in the text with more equations and example problems More quantitative problems on more topics: 385 problems in the new edition, 125 more than the 1987 edition. Historical notes describing the development and historical background of many of the automation technologies.
    Back Cover Copy
    NEW ORGANIZATION. the second edition consists of five parts, following two introductory chapters: I. Automation and control technologies: industrial computer control, control system components, numerical control, industrial robotics, programmable logic controllers. II. Material handling technologies: conveyor systems, automated guided vehicle systems, automated storage systems, automatic identification and data capture. III. Manufacturing systems: single station cells, group technology, flexible manufacturing systems, assembly lines, transfer lines. IV. Quality control systems: statistical process control, inspection principles and technologies. V. Manufacturing support systems: CAD/CAM, process planning, production planning, production planning and control, lean production and agile manufacturing. TEXT FEATURES Expanded coverage of automation fundamentals, numerical control programming, group technology, flexible manufacturing systems, material handling and storage, quality control and inspection, inspection technologies, programmable logic controllers. New chapters or sections on manufacturing systems, single station manufacturing systems, mixed-model assembly line analysis, quality assurance and statistical process control, Taguchi methods, inspection principles and technologies, concurrent engineering, automatic identification and data collection, lean and agile manufacturing. Higher quantitative and engineering content in the text with more equations and example problems More quantitative problems on more topics: 385 problems in the new edition, 125 more than the 1987 edition. Historical notes describing the development and historical background of many of the automation technologies.
    Table of Contents
    Introductionp. 1
    Production System Facilitiesp. 2
    Manufacturing Support Systemsp. 7
    Automation in Production Systemsp. 9
    Manual Labor in Production Systemsp. 14
    Automation Principles and Strategiesp. 17
    Organization of the Bookp. 21
    Manufacturing Operationsp. 24
    Manufacturing Industries and Productsp. 28
    Manufacturing Operationsp. 31
    Product/Production Relationshipsp. 35
    Production Concepts and Mathematical Modelsp. 40
    Costs of Manufacturing Operationsp. 48
    Automation and Control Technologiesp. 61
    Introduction to Automationp. 66
    Basic Elements of an Automated Systemp. 63
    Advanced Automation Functionsp. 71
    Levels of Automationp. 76
    Industrial Control Systemsp. 79
    Process Industries versus Discrete Manufacturing Industriesp. 80
    Continuous versus Discrete Controlp. 82
    Computer Process Controlp. 88
    Forms of Computer Process Controlp. 96
    Sensors, Actuators, and Other Control System Componentsp. 107
    Sensorsp. 108
    Actuatorsp. 111
    Analog-to-Digital Conversionp. 112
    Digital-to-Analog Conversionp. 115
    Input/Output Devices for Discrete Datap. 117
    Numerical Controlp. 120
    Fundamentals of NC Technologyp. 122
    Computer Numerical Controlp. 128
    DNCp. 134
    Applications of Numerical Controlp. 137
    NC Part Programmingp. 145
    Engineering Analysis of NC Positioning Systemsp. 179
    Appendix: Apt Word Definitionsp. 196
    Industrial Roboticsp. 210
    Robot Anatomy and Related Attributesp. 212
    Robot Control Systemsp. 218
    End Effectorsp. 220
    Sensors in Roboticsp. 222
    Industrial Robot Applicationsp. 222
    Robot Programmingp. 230
    Engineering Analysis of Industrial Robotsp. 240
    Discrete Control Using Programmable Logic Controllers and Personal Computersp. 257
    Discrete Process Controlp. 257
    Ladder Logic Diagramsp. 264
    Programmable Logic Controllersp. 268
    Personal Computers Using Soft Logicp. 275
    Material Handling and Identification Technologies
    Introduction to Material Handlingp. 281
    Overview of Material Handling Equipmentp. 282
    Considerations in Material Handling System Designp. 285
    The 10 Principles of Material Handlingp. 288
    Material Transport Systemsp. 292
    Industrial Trucksp. 293
    Automated Guided Vehicle Systemsp. 295
    Monorails and Other Rail Guided Vehiclesp. 302
    Conveyor Systemsp. 303
    Cranes and Hoistsp. 309
    Analysis of Material Transport Systemsp. 311
    Storage Systemsp. 328
    Storage System Performancep. 329
    Storage Location Strategiesp. 331
    Conventional Storage Methods and Equipmentp. 332
    Automated Storage Systemsp. 335
    Engineering Analysis of Storage Systemsp. 344
    Automatic Data Capturep. 357
    Overview of Automatic Identification Methodsp. 358
    Bar Code Technologyp. 361
    Other ADC Technologiesp. 370
    Manufacturing Systems
    Introduction to Manufacturing Systemsp. 375
    Components of a Manufacturing Systemp. 376
    Classification of Manufacturing Systemsp. 381
    Overview of the Classification Schemep. 388
    Manufacturing Progress Functions (Learning Curves)p. 392
    Single Station Manufacturing Cellsp. 397
    Single Station Manned Workstationsp. 398
    Single Station Automated Cellsp. 399
    Applicationsp. 404
    Analysis of Single Station Cellsp. 409
    Group Technology and Cellular Manufacturingp. 420
    Part Familiesp. 422
    Parts Classification and Codingp. 425
    Production Flow Analysisp. 431
    Cellular Manufacturingp. 434
    Application Considerations in Group Technologyp. 439
    Quantitative Analysis in Cellular Manufacturingp. 442
    Flexible Manufacturing Systemsp. 460
    What is an FMS?p. 462
    FMS Componentsp. 469
    FMS Applications and Benefitsp. 480
    FMS Planning and Implementation Issuesp. 485
    Quantitative Analysis of Flexible Manufacturing Systemsp. 487
    Manual Assembly Linesp. 514
    Fundamentals of Manual Assembly Linesp. 516
    Alternative Assembly Systemsp. 523
    Design for Assemblyp. 524
    Analysis of Single Model Assembly Linesp. 525
    Line Balancing Algorithmsp. 534
    Mixed Model Assembly Linesp. 540
    Other Considerations in Assembly Line Designp. 552
    Transfer Lines and Similar Automated Manufacturing Systemsp. 566
    Fundamentals of Automated Production Linesp. 565
    Applications of Automated Production Linesp. 575
    Analysis of Transfer Lines with No Internal Storagep. 579
    Analysis of Transfer Lines with Storage Buffersp. 587
    Automated Assembly Systemsp. 601
    Fundamentals of Automated Assembly Systemsp. 602
    Design for Automated Assemblyp. 606
    Quantitative Analysis of Assembly Systemsp. 610
    Quality Control Systems
    Introduction to Quality Assurancep. 631
    Quality Definedp. 633
    Traditional and Modern Quality Controlp. 635
    Taguchi Methods in Quality Engineeringp. 638
    ISO 9000p. 648
    Statistical Process Controlp. 654
    Process Variability and Process Capabilityp. 655
    Control Chartsp. 658
    Other SPC Toolsp. 667
    Implementing Statistical Process Controlp. 672
    Inspection Principles and Practicesp. 681
    Inspection Fundamentalsp. 682
    Sampling versus 100% Inspectionp. 687
    Automated Inspectionp. 692
    When and Where to Inspectp. 694
    Quantitative Analysis of Inspectionp. 698
    Inspection Technologiesp. 711
    Inspection Metrologyp. 712
    Contact versus Noncontact Inspection Techniquesp. 717
    Conventional Measuring and Gaging Techniquesp. 718
    Coordinate Measuring Machinesp. 720
    Surface Measurementp. 736
    Machine Visionp. 738
    Other Optical Inspection Techniquesp. 745
    Noncontact Nonoptical Inspection Technologiesp. 747
    Manufacturing Support Systems
    Product Design and CAD/CAM in the Production Systemp. 753
    Product Design and CADp. 755
    CAD System Hardwarep. 761
    CAM, CAD/CAM, and CIMp. 764
    Quality Function Deploymentp. 767
    Process Planning and Concurrent Engineeringp. 775
    Process Planningp. 776
    Computer-Aided Process Planning (CAPP)p. 782
    Concurrent Engineering and Design for Manufacturingp. 785
    Advanced Manufacturing Planningp. 791
    Production Planning and Control Systemsp. 796
    Aggregate Production Planning and the Master Production Schedulep. 798
    Material Requirements Planning (MRP)p. 800
    Capacity Planningp. 806
    Shop Floor Controlp. 808
    Inventory Controlp. 814
    Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP II)p. 822
    Just-In-Time Production Systemsp. 823
    Lean Production and Agile Manufacturingp. 832
    Lean Productionp. 833
    Agile Manufacturingp. 835
    Comparison of Lean and Agilep. 843
    Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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