A translucent mirror : history and identity in Qing imperial ideology /
Pamela Kyle Crossley.
Berkeley : University of California Press, c1999.
xiv, 403 p. : maps
0520215664 (alk. paper)
More Details
Berkeley : University of California Press, c1999.
0520215664 (alk. paper)
general note
"The Philip E. Lilienthal Asian studies imprint."
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Pamela Kyle Crossley is Rosenwald Research Professor of History, Dartmouth College
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2000-09-01:
Crossley's study examines the development of cultural identity and nationalism in China during the Qing empire (1636-1912). Crossley, the leading historian of the Manchu rulers of the Qing, demonstrates how problematic national identity has been, for example in defining Manchu, Han Chinese, and Chinese-martial (often called Chinese bannermen). She shows how Qing emperorship shaped the emergence of a China defined as a multinational polity, inherited by the Chinese republic in 1912. Geopolitical concerns helped preclude an exclusivist definition of China, which appropriated, as much as possible, the borders of a Qing empire in which the Chinese had been a "subordinate majority." "The successors of the Romanovs and the Qing made one kind of choice: To continue imperial geopolitical entities without the integrating mechanism of emperorship (which had in any event deteriorated beyond revival). Turkey made another choice: To carve a distinct national identity from the imperial wreckage and set the bits adrift." This engaging work is deeply nuanced and stimulating, and will shape the way scholars define "China" and "Chinese." Graduate, faculty. R. E. Entenmann; St. Olaf College
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Choice, September 2000
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Long Description
In this landmark exploration of the origins of nationalism and cultural identity in China, Pamela Kyle Crossley traces the ways in which a large, early modern empire of Eurasia, the Qing (1636-1912), incorporated neighboring, but disparate, political traditions into a new style of emperorship. Drawing on a wide variety of primary sources, including Manchu, Korean, and Chinese archival materials, Crossley argues that distortions introduced in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century historical records have blinded scholars to the actual course of events in the early years of the dynasty. This groundbreaking study examines the relationship between the increasingly abstract ideology of the centralizing emperorship of the Qing and the establishment of concepts of identity in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, before the advent of nationalism in China. Concluding with a broad-ranging postscript on the implications of her research for studies of nationalism and nation-building throughout modern Chinese history,A Translucent Mirrorcombines a readable narrative with a sophisticated, revisionary look at China's history. Crossley's book will alter current understandings of the Qing emperorship, the evolution of concepts of ethnicity, and the legacy of Qing rule for modern Chinese nationalism.
Unpaid Annotation
IN THIS LANDMARK EXPLORATION of the origins of nationalism and concepts of racial identity in China, Pamela Kyle Crossley traces the shifting ideologies of a large, early modern land-based empire, the Qing (1636-1912). Drawing on a wide variety of primary sources, Crossley argues that motifs introduced under the Qing in the eighteenth century -- part of the crystallizing categories of identity that the Qing themselves promoted -- continue to distort the modern understanding of Qing origins. What has often been repudiated by nationalist foes of empire, it turns out, is frequently itself a creation of empire.As the empire was formed, Crossley suggests, the complex or simultaneous rulership needed to address itself to increasingly discrete, abstract, genealogically constructed, and historicized audiences. She finds that these identities, some of which were adopted wholesale by nationalist spokesmen of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, bore at best a loose resemblance to the factual contoursof the Qing period.Concluding with a broad-ranging postscript on the implications of her research on studies of nationalism and nation-building in modern Chinese history, A Translucent Mirror will be indispensable for scholars and students.
Main Description
A careful reconstruction of the emergence of Manchu identity that will compel a complete revision of the Western understanding of Chinese conceptions of emperorship and nationhood in both the late imperial and modern eras.
Table of Contents
List of Mapsp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Ideology, Rulership, and Historyp. 9
Conquest and the Blessing of the Pastp. 29
Imperial Universalism and Circumscription of Identityp. 36
The Great Wallp. 53
Trial by Identityp. 57
A Discourse on Ancestryp. 58
Political Names in Nurganp. 74
The Liaodongesep. 84
The Character of Loyaltyp. 89
The Early Nikan Spectrump. 90
Conquest and Distinctionsp. 99
Personifications of Fidelityp. 116
The Father's Housep. 129
Boundaries of Rulep. 135
Origins of the Khanshipp. 138
The Collegial Impulsep. 157
The Reinvention of Treasonp. 167
Empire and Identityp. 177
Subjugation and Equalityp. 178
Generating Imperial Authorityp. 185
Authenticityp. 192
Surpassing Limitsp. 205
The Celestial Pillarp. 217
The Wheel-Turning Kingp. 223
The Centerp. 224
Debating the Pastp. 246
The Power of Speechp. 262
The Universal Prospectp. 281
The Banner Elitesp. 285
Shady Pastsp. 290
Manchunessp. 296
Following Chinggisp. 311
The Empty Constituencyp. 327
Postscript: Race and Revolution at the End of the Empirep. 337
Bibliographyp. 363
Abbreviationsp. 389
Indexp. 391
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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