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The long peace : Ottoman Lebanon, 1861-1920 /
Engin Deniz Akarlı.
Berkeley : University of California Press, c1993.
xviii, 288 p. : ill.
0520080149 (alk. paper)
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Berkeley : University of California Press, c1993.
0520080149 (alk. paper)
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.
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"One of the best studies of nineteenth-century Lebanon."--Leila Fawaz, Tufts University
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1994-02:
In a world where "Lebanon" and "Bosnia" have become bywords for sectarian or ethnic slaughter, Akarli's aptly titled study reminds readers that it was not always so. The book traces the evolution of administrative, judicial, and legislative institutions in the semi-autonomous Ottoman province of Mount Lebanon between 1861 and WW I. A standoff among rival European powers and the Ottoman government facilitated the growth of locally based institutions in which Maronites, Greek Orthodox, Greek Catholics, Druze, Sunnis, and Shiites cooperated across sectarian lines. The idea of a secular Lebanese nation-state emerged in this environment. Too often, however, this vision has been obscured by a narrow dream of Lebanon as a Maronite Christian refuge in a hostile Islamic world. Previous studies relied on British, French, and local Lebanese sources; Akarli has mined the voluminous Ottoman archives in Istanbul. A detailed, meticulously documented, and persuasive exercise in scholarship, this work also attempts to bridge the artificial mental gulf that has separated Arabs from Turks since the Ottoman collapse in 1918. Advanced undergraduates and above. D. M. Reid; Georgia State University
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, February 1994
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Long Description
Long notorious as one of the most turbulent areas of the world, Lebanon nevertheless experienced an interlude of peace between its civil war of 1860 and the beginning of the French Mandate in 1920. Engin Akarli examines the sociopolitical changes resulting from the negotiations and shifting alliances characteristic of these crucial years. Using previously unexamined documents in Ottoman archives, Akarli challenges the prevailing view that attributes modernization in government to Western initiative while blaming stagnation on reactionary local forces. Instead, he argues, indigenous Lebanese experience in self-rule as well as reconciliation among different religious groups after 1860 laid the foundation for secular democracy. European intervention in Lebanese politics, however, hampered efforts to develop a correspondingly secular notion of Lebanese nationality. As ethnic and religious strife increases throughout much of eastern Europe and the Middle East, the Lebanese example has obvious relevance for our own time.
Table of Contents
List of Maps and Tables
Note on Transliteration and Dates
Abbreviations and Terms
Introductionp. 1
The Road to a Special Regime in Mount Lebanonp. 6
Geographyp. 6
The Peoplep. 9
Politicsp. 13
Winds of Changep. 17
International Rivalries and Sectarian Strifep. 22
The New Regimep. 31
Ottoman Policy and Power Relations in Mount Lebanon, 1861-1892p. 34
The Formative Period, 1861-1873p. 36
Rustem Pasha, 1873-1883p. 41
Vasa Pasha, 1883-1892p. 45
Ottoman Policy and Power Relations in Mount Lebanon, 1892-1915p. 58
Naum Pasha, 1892-1902p. 59
Muzaffer Pasha, 1902-1907p. 64
Yusuf Pasha and Ohannes Pasha, 1907-1915p. 71
The Administrative Councilp. 82
Composition and Duties of the Councilp. 82
The Council's Weapon: Its Right to Veto Tax Increasesp. 84
Elections and Politics in the Mountainp. 86
The Council as the Representative of Lebanesep. 93
Taxation and Fiscal Administrationp. 102
Taxation Under the Reglementp. 103
Basic Sources of Revenuep. 104
Additional Sources of Revenuep. 109
The 1913-14 Budget, Mutiny and Fiscal Autonomyp. 121
Judicial Organization as a Mechanism of Social Consolidationp. 132
The Court Systemp. 132
Supervision of the Judiciaryp. 140
Confessionalism, Notables, and Administrative Positionsp. 147
Sectarian Distribution of Administrative Positionsp. 148
Powerful Notables as Officialsp. 149
The Struggle for Officesp. 157
The Government and the Churchp. 163
Relations Between Temporal and Ecclesiastical Authorities, 1861-1915p. 163
The War Years and After, 1915-1920p. 173
Conclusionp. 184
Appendix A: The Governors of Mount Lebanon, 1861-1918p. 193
Appendix B: Ottoman Documents on Mount Lebanon, 1861-1918p. 200
Notesp. 205
Bibliographyp. 263
Indexp. 277
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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