Catalogue


Turks, Moors, and Englishmen in the age of discovery /
Nabil Matar.
imprint
New York : Columbia University Press, c1999.
description
xi, 268 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
ISBN
0231110146 (cloth : alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
New York : Columbia University Press, c1999.
isbn
0231110146 (cloth : alk. paper)
catalogue key
3249719
 
Includes bibliographical references (p. [231]-255) and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Nabil Matar is a professor of English and the department head at the Florida Institute of Technology
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Library Journal on 1999-07:
Matar (English, Florida Inst. of Technology) has written an interesting study of cultural contact between the English and the Moors and Turks of the 16th and 17th centuries and how this contact influenced subsequent English interactions with native peoples of the New World. Under Queen Elizabeth, the English forged a series of commercial and political understandings with the Islamic rulers of North Africa. Thousands of Englishmen served in the armies and navies of North Africa, and a high percentage of the infamous Barbary pirates were actually Englishmen operating in the service of or in alliance with local rulers. English views on the Moors and Turks and their "evil" customs were later transferred to the Native Americans. While North Africa attracted craftsmen and soldiers, the Americas were considered a fit dumping ground for England's vagrants and criminals. Matar's book will appeal to readers with an interest in European and Muslim interaction. Recommended for academic and large public libraries.ÄRobert James Andrews, Duluth P.L., MN (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Reviews
Review Quotes
An important but neglected topic. Matar has done early modern scholarship an important service.
"An important but neglected topic. Matar has done early modern scholarship an important service." -- Sixteenth Century Journal
"An interesting study of cultural contact between the English and the Moors and Turks of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and how this contact influenced subsequent English interactions with native peoples of the New World." -- Library Journal
A valuable contribution to the study of the rise of Orientalism and colonialism... perceptive and elegantly written.
"A valuable contribution to the study of the rise of Orientalism and colonialism... perceptive and elegantly written." -- Arab Studies Journal
Matar's work is full of surprises for anyone who believes that Christian-Muslim relations have always been confrontational.
"Matar's work is full of surprises for anyone who believes that Christian-Muslim relations have always been confrontational." -- William Dalrymple, New York Review of Books
Worth [its] weight in gold.... Matar's work adds to the discourse of both orientalism and post-colonialism by providing essential detailed historical analysis of primary sources.... Extremely informative and enlightening.
"Worth [its] weight in gold.... Matar's work adds to the discourse of both orientalism and post-colonialism by providing essential detailed historical analysis of primary sources.... Extremely informative and enlightening." -- The Muslim World Book Review
An exceptionally detailed account of the elaborate network of commercial, diplomatic, military contacts between Britons and Muslims in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Matar taps a rich vein of anecdotal material to make this history vivid and particular. This book will become required reading for anyone interested in the origins of empire, and in the associated discourses of commerce, colonisation, and race.
"An exceptionally detailed account of the elaborate network of commercial, diplomatic, military contacts between Britons and Muslims in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Matar taps a rich vein of anecdotal material to make this history vivid and particular. This book will become required reading for anyone interested in the origins of empire, and in the associated discourses of commerce, colonisation, and race." -- Michael Neill, University of Auckland
This item was reviewed in:
Library Journal, July 1999
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Summaries
Main Description
During the early modern period, hundreds of Turks and Moors traded in English and Welsh ports, dazzled English society with exotic cuisine and Arabian horses, and worked small jobs in London, while the "Barbary Corsairs" raided coastal towns and, if captured, lingered in Plymouth jails or stood trial in Southampton courtrooms. In turn, Britons fought in Muslim armies, traded and settled in Moroccan or Tunisian harbor towns, joined the international community of pirates in Mediterranean and Atlantic outposts, served in Algerian households and ships, and endured captivity from Salee to Alexandria and from Fez to Mocha. In Turks, Moors, and Englishmen, Nabil Matar vividly presents new data about Anglo-Islamic social and historical interactions. Rather than looking exclusively at literary works, which tended to present unidimensional stereotypes of Muslims -- Shakespeare's "superstitious Moor" or Goffe's "raging Turke," to name only two -- Matar delves into hitherto unexamined English prison depositions, captives' memoirs, government documents, and Arabic chronicles and histories. The result is a significant alternative to the prevailing discourse on Islam, which nearly always centers around ethnocentrism and attempts at dominance over the non-Western world, and an astonishing revelation about the realities of exchange and familiarity between England and Muslim society in the Elizabethan and early Stuart periods. Concurrent with England's engagement and "discovery" of the Muslims was the "discovery" of the American Indians. In an original analysis, Matar shows how Hakluyt and Purchas taught their readers not only about America but about the Muslim dominions, too; how there were more reasons for Britons to venture eastward than westward; and how, in the period under study, more Englishmen lived in North Africa than in North America. Although Matar notes the sharp political and colonial differences between the English encounter with the Muslims and their encounter with the Indians, he shows how Elizabethan and Stuart writers articulated Muslim in terms of Indian, and Indian in terms of Muslim. By superimposing the sexual constructions of the Indians onto the Muslims, and by applying to them the ideology of holy war which had legitimated the destruction of the Indians, English writers prepared the groundwork for orientalism and for the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century conquest of Mediterranean Islam. Matar's detailed research provides a new direction in the study of England's geographic imagination. It also illuminates the subtleties and interchangeability of stereotype, racism, and demonization that must be taken into account in any responsible depiction of English history.
Main Description
-- Library Journal
Main Description
This revised and updated edition of the Wallflower Critical Guide encompasses the careers of up to 600 directors that have worked within the North American film industry, including Canada, since the early 1990s. This edition features new or revised material on 150 directors, and includes coverage of mainstream luminaries such as Martin Scorsese, Steven Spielberg and Robert Altman, independent mavericks like Hal Hartley and Jim Jarmusch, and innovative emerging talents including Todd Field (In the Bedroom), David Gordon Green (George Washington) and Marc Forster (Monster's Ball). This volume thus continues to be a unique reference to the changing dynamics of the world's most consumed cinema.
Table of Contents
Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. 3
Turks and Moors in Englandp. 19
Soldiers, Pirates, Traders, and Captives: Britons Among the Mulsimsp. 43
The Renaissance Triangle: Britons, Muslims, and American Indiansp. 83
Sodomy and Conquestp. 109
Holy Land, Holy Warp. 129
Conclusion: Britons, Muslims, and the Shadow of the American Indiansp. 169
English Captivity Accounts, 1577-1704p. 181
The Journey of the first Levantine to Americap. 185
Ahmad bin Qasim on Sodomyp. 193
Notesp. 195
Bibliographyp. 231
Indexp. 257
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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