The Role of public agencies in fostering new technology and innovation in building /
David R. Dibner, Andrew C. Lemer, editors ; Committee on New Technology and Innovation in Building, Building Research Board, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Research Council.
Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press, 1992.
x, 131 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
A Look Inside
Description for Bookstore
This book explores innovation in the U.S. construction-related industries (i.e., design services, construction, building materials and products manufacture, and facilities operation and maintenance) and recommends a strategy for fostering new technology. These industries account for about ten percent of the U.S. economy; federal agencies themselves spend some $15 billion annually on construction. A government strategy based on federal agencies that encourage applications of new technology for their own projects, activities to enhance the pursuit and effective transfer of new technology to the U.S. private sector, and increased support for targeted efforts to develop new technologies in specific areas will yield many benefits. These include better cost, quality, and performance in government facilities, generally improved quality of life, and enhanced U.S. industrial competitiveness in international markets.
Table of Contents
Executive Summaryp. 1
Introductionp. 9
The Government Interestp. 9
Benefits and Risks of New Technologyp. 11
Source and Scope of the Studyp. 12
Structure of the Reportp. 14
New Building Technology, Innovation, and Government Interestsp. 17
Public Benefits of Innovationp. 18
Government as Purchaser and Funder of Researchp. 20
Technological Innovation and Public Policyp. 22
Impact of the Building Regulatory Processp. 25
Government's Current Role in Fostering New Technologyp. 27
New Technology and Innovation in the U.S. Building-Related Industriesp. 31
Backgroundp. 31
Lack of Datap. 34
Attitudes Toward New Building Technologiesp. 34
Entry Points for Building Innovationp. 36
Status of Building Researchp. 37
Deterrents to Transfer of New Technologyp. 39
Limited Opportunities for Innovationp. 41
Place of Universities and Other Educational Institutionsp. 44
What Should the Role of the Federal Agencies Be in Fostering New Building Technology?p. 47
Institutional Perspectivep. 48
Alternative Roles for Governmentp. 50
Evaluation of Strategy Optionsp. 52
Implementing an Effective Rolep. 57
Responsibilities for Taking Actionp. 57
Institutional Focus Neededp. 58
Actions by Facilities Agenciesp. 60
Enabling Environmentp. 61
Technology Transferp. 62
Innovation and the Futurep. 63
App. A. Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staffp. 65
App. B. Processes of Technological Innovationp. 69
App. C. Review of Specific Agencies' Stance Toward Building Innovationp. 81
App. D. Federal Laws and Regulations Related to Technological Innovation in Buildingp. 87
App. E. New Building Technology and Innovation: A Selective Reviewp. 91
App. F. Tort Law, Deterrence and Innovation: Too Much or Too Little?p. 101
App. G. Points of Entry for Building Innovationp. 125
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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