Development, governance and the environment in South Asia : a focus on Bangladesh /
edited by Mohammad Alauddin and Samiul Hasan.
Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Macmillan Press ; New York : St. Martin's Press, 1999.
xxiv, 371 p. : ill.
More Details
Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Macmillan Press ; New York : St. Martin's Press, 1999.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
Description for Bookstore
While the problems of low level of economic development, grinding poverty and environmental degredation are widespread throughout the developing world, few regions have taken a more severe toll than South Asia. The absence of a plural and open political system compounds the problems of overall socio-economic development. This book uses case studies to analyze different aspects of the economics-environment nexus.
Table of Contents
List of Tablesp. xiii
List of Appendicesp. xiv
List of Figuresp. xv
Prefacep. xvi
Forewordp. xviii
Notes on the Contributorsp. xix
Development-Governance-Environment Nexus: Views, Perspectives and Issuesp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Perspectives and views on the development-environment-governance nexusp. 2
Contributions to this volume: An interpretive overviewp. 7
The design of this volumep. 15
Concluding commentsp. 16
Socio-Economic Policy and Change in South Asia: A Review Concentrating on Bangladeshp. 17
Introductionp. 17
Economic and demographic indicators for major South Asian countriesp. 18
Some social welfare/development indicators for South Asiap. 21
Structural change in South Asiap. 23
External dependencep. 25
An introduction to socio-economic trends in Bangladeshp. 26
Trends in broad economic and demographic indicatorsp. 27
Structural change in the Bangladesh economyp. 29
Bangladesh's international economic relationsp. 30
Concluding commentsp. 32
South Asia in Reform Mode: Experiences, Obstacles and Prospectsp. 35
Introductionp. 35
Economic performance in the 1990sp. 36
Economic growthp. 36
External trade orientationp. 37
Foreign direct investmentp. 38
Fiscal deficitsp. 39
Inflationp. 39
Current account balancep. 40
Foreign exchange reservesp. 41
External debtp. 41
Debt-service ratiop. 42
In reviewp. 43
Institutional constraintsp. 44
Major areas of institutional reformsp. 45
Public Sector Enterprise (PSE) reformp. 45
Banking and financial sector reformsp. 50
Infrastructure reformsp. 54
Governancep. 60
Concluding commentsp. 66
The Political Economy of Macroeconomic Management: The Case of Bangladeshp. 69
Introductionp. 69
South Asia's economic performance, 1970-95p. 70
Bangladesh's macroeconomic performance, 1972-96p. 74
Inflation and the balance-of-payments crisis, 1972-75p. 74
Macroeconomic stabilisation, 1975-90p. 76
The economy in transition to a high growth path since 1991p. 77
The political economy of macroeconomic instability and economic growthp. 78
The weakness of the state of Bangladeshp. 79
Concluding observationsp. 83
Economic Liberalisation and Growth in Bangladesh: The Role of Foreign Private Investmentp. 87
Introductionp. 87
Background to restrictive economic policy in Bangladeshp. 88
Private sector during the early years of Bangladeshp. 89
Foreign private investment during 1976-90p. 91
Liberalisation policies of the democratically elected governmentsp. 92
Growth performance since 1991p. 96
Miles to go to attain expected economic growthp. 97
Concluding observationsp. 100
South Asia's Agricultural Commodity Exports: What Prospects?p. 103
Introductionp. 103
Uruguay Round and trade issuesp. 104
Composition of South Asian tradep. 106
Commodity tradep. 106
Trade with servicesp. 107
Agricultural commodity tradep. 109
Agricultural transformation: Food deficitsp. 111
Production of export crops and allied productsp. 113
Prospects for Bangladesh's agricultural exportsp. 114
Trade Among South Asian Nations: Experiences and Prospectsp. 117
Introductionp. 117
Structure, composition and direction of tradep. 118
The export tradep. 118
The import tradep. 122
Bangladesh's trade relationship with South Asia and the rest of the worldp. 125
Bangladesh's bilateral trade with Indiap. 127
Concluding commentsp. 129
Aid and Fiscal Behaviour in Developing Asiap. 141
Introductionp. 141
Fiscal response literature: A brief reviewp. 142
A new fiscal response modelp. 144
Data and estimation procedurep. 148
Empirical resultsp. 150
Interpretation: Results of estimates using Model 1p. 150
Interpretation: Results of estimates using Model 2p. 151
Concluding observationsp. 154
Constitutionalism and Governance in Bangladeshp. 161
Introductionp. 161
The legacy of Pakistanp. 161
The constitution of Bangladeshp. 163
Constitutional amendmentsp. 164
The fourth amendment: From parliamentary to presidentialp. 164
The fifth amendment and the Indemnity Ordinance 1975p. 166
The fifth and seventh amendments and the martial law regimesp. 168
The eighth amendement: State religionp. 173
The thirteenth amendment: A non-political caretaker governmentp. 175
The supremacy of the constitutionp. 177
Concluding commentsp. 178
Consolidating Democratic Governance: One Step Forward, Two Steps Backp. 181
Introductionp. 181
The imperatives of democratic consolidationp. 182
The state of democratic consolidation in Bangladeshp. 185
Concluding commentsp. 192
Governance, Politics and Development Management in Bangladeshp. 195
Introductionp. 195
Political parties and the political environmentp. 196
Failure of the political parties and leadersp. 198
Opportunist political parties and leadersp. 198
Poly-tricking in politicsp. 200
Gaps between political party and the peoplep. 202
Absence of democracy within the political partiesp. 204
Discussion and conclusionp. 205
Dilemmas and Strategies for Development in Bangladeshp. 211
Introductionp. 211
The concept of developmentp. 212
Development efforts in Bangladeshp. 214
The early yearsp. 214
The Zia Regimep. 215
The Ershad Regimep. 216
Post-Ershad Periodp. 217
Strategies and dilemmap. 218
Concluding observationsp. 222
Health Centre Status and Accessibility in Rural Bangladesh: A Location-Allocation Model-Based Analysisp. 225
Introductionp. 225
Health and economic developmentp. 226
Health delivery systemp. 228
Location-allocation modelsp. 228
Effect of distance on the utilisation of health facilitiesp. 230
Study area profilep. 232
Location of health facilities and locational efficiencyp. 233
Analysis of the locational efficiency of seven existing and seven optimal UHFWCsp. 233
Analysis of the locational efficiency of seven existing plus three proposed UHFWCs and seven existing plus three optimal UHFWCsp. 236
Concluding commentsp. 238
Government and the Fourth Sector Partnership: Local Governance and Sustainable Development in Bangladeshp. 243
Introductionp. 243
Sustainable developmentp. 244
Voluntary or community-based organisations: The fourth sectorp. 245
Voluntarism in Bangladesh: Source and originp. 246
Local voluntary organisations and programmes in Bangladeshp. 247
Voluntary organisations and sustainable developmentp. 248
Eradication of human povertyp. 248
Empowering communities through traditional practices and institutionsp. 250
Government and the fourth sector partnershipp. 252
Conclusion and recommendationsp. 255
New Approaches to Research, Development and Extension for Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment: Implications for South Asiap. 257
Introductionp. 257
Major challenges for sustainable developmentp. 258
Research, development and extension approaches in developing and developed countriesp. 259
Traditional models of research, development and extension: Scenario in developing countriesp. 260
Training and Visit (TandV) system of extensionp. 261
The Dutch Agricultural Knowledge and Information System (AKIS)p. 263
United States: Cooperative extension interdependence modelp. 264
Australian cooperative research and landcare extension approachp. 266
Participative Action Management (PAM) Model: a generic model for R,DandEp. 268
How does the PAM model operate?p. 270
Development of management platforms with ecosystem focus at various levelsp. 270
Use of the PAM modelp. 273
Participatory approaches in India and Bangladeshp. 274
India's approach to joint forest management for sustainable developmentp. 275
Bangladesh's approach to blending greater participation and sustainability with institutional strengtheningp. 276
Implications for South Asian countiesp. 277
Ecotourism Under Multiple-Use Management of the Sundarbans Mangrove Forest in Bangladesh: Issues and Optionsp. 279
Introductionp. 279
Economic background of the Bangladesh Sundarbansp. 280
Why Ecotourism in Bangladesh Sundarbans?p. 281
Ecotourism in the Sundarbans: Problems and prospectsp. 282
The Sundarbans management dilemma: Need for a single-outlet shared approachp. 286
Conclusionsp. 287
Coastal Aquaculture in South Asia: Experiences and Lessonsp. 289
Introductionp. 289
Coastal aquaculture in South Asia: The processp. 290
Coastal aquaculture and the environmentp. 293
Some further considerationsp. 295
Concluding commentsp. 298
Women and the Environment with Special Reference to Rural Bangladeshp. 301
Introductionp. 301
Gender issues especially in rural Bangladeshp. 303
Environmental degradation and rural womenp. 306
Women as grass-roots organisersp. 309
Concluding commentsp. 312
South Asia's Experiences, Challenges and Prospects in Global Contextp. 315
Introductionp. 315
Development, governance and the environment in South Asia: In retrospectp. 315
Transboundary/bilateral and global aspects of South Asian issuesp. 320
Transboundary/bilateral issues of importance in South Asiap. 320
South Asian issues in global context: The mutual interdependencep. 322
Challenges and prospectsp. 327
Concluding commentsp. 330
Bibliographyp. 333
Indexp. 365
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