Sudan in crisis : the failure of democracy /
G. Norman Anderson.
Gainesville, Fla. : University Press of Florida, c1999.
xvii, 277 p. : ill., map.
0813016711 (alk. paper)
More Details
Gainesville, Fla. : University Press of Florida, c1999.
0813016711 (alk. paper)
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1999-12-01:
This is the ideal example of why ambassadors need to curb their efforts to depict their overseas tenure in a Third World post. If the author had only offered a detailed database of what transpired during his assignment, he would have provided a great service for academic or policy specialists. Instead he chooses to invoke the concept and criterion of "democracy," which is never explained or elaborated. Anderson ends up abusing and misusing the concept, contradicting himself innumerable times as to its meaning and application. This is particularly true when he focuses on its failure, which he assumes occurred because of political leadership defaults. The concept's dependence on a political and civic culture as a general public underpinning is missing entirely. Anderson would have been better off with a political development framework that focuses on "trying to democratize" the Sudan instead of assuming that a periodic singular competitive election is tantamount to a democracy. He chooses not to deal with Islamization vis-`a-vis the prospects of democratization, a central issue for Middle East political development. The data and developments available to the ambassador should have provided him with a much better perspective for this book. Nevertheless, the database will be helpful for researchers. Undergraduate, graduate, and faculty collections. B. Schechterman; University of Miami
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Choice, December 1999
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Main Description
"We badly need more writings of this genre. The poor communication between diplomatic professionals and academic area scholars is deplorable. This [work] has the potential to speak to both groups. . . . Scholars and practitioners should pay attention."--L. Carl Brown, Princeton University This is the story of how a promising North African democracy, by failing to solve crucial problems both at home and abroad, brought about its own overthrow by Islamic militants. Since gaining independence in 1956, Sudan has repeatedly stumbled in attempts to establish a stable democratic government. Sudan in Crisis tells the story of this failure and seeks to explain its causes. G. Norman Anderson, former American ambassador, provides a first-hand account of Sudan’s third try at democracy. He analyzes the problems plaguing the democratically elected government of Prime Minister Sadiq al-Mahdi--civil war and related famine, religious and ethnic antagonisms, political instability, economic deterioration, the presence of Libyan terrorists--and the ineffective efforts of the government to cope with them. He also analyzes the policies of the United States and Sudan during this period, and cites specific instances in which each helped to undermine Sudanese democracy--including Washington’s earlier strong support of Sudanese dictator Ja’far Numayri and its relatively lukewarm support of democracy and Sadiq al-Mahdi’s foreign policy of nonalignment, which favored the extremist regimes of Libya and Iran while antagonizing potential friends such as the United States, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia. Sudan in Crisis also addresses the issue of Sudan’s future after the current junta. With many of the leaders who mismanaged democratic government now waiting again in the wings, the question remains whether they have learned the lessons of the past. G. Norman Anderson is a former career diplomat specializing in Arab affairs and Eastern Europe. He was the American ambassador to Sudan from 1986 to 1989. During the recent Yugoslav crisis, he headed an international peace mission in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
Table of Contents
Prefacep. ix
Chronologyp. xiv
Abbreviations of Principal Sudanese Organizationsp. xviii
The Cycle of Democratic and Military Rulep. 1
From Promise to Declinep. 9
America and Sudanp. 16
The Democracy of Sadiq Al-Mahdi Internal Politics and the Economyp. 23
Sadiq Assumes Powerp. 25
The Faltering Economyp. 37
America and Sudanese Democracyp. 45
U.S. Aims and U.S. Aidp. 47
A Fresh Start Between The United States and Sadiqp. 55
The Civil War in Southern Sudanp. 63
Origins of the Conflictp. 65
The War Reignites in 1983p. 70
Sadiq and the Warp. 79
Sadiq Attempts to Engage the Rebelsp. 81
The Army and Democracyp. 93
Sadiq Resumes Peace Feelersp. 99
War Invades the Northp. 108
Negotiations for an Icrc Airliftp. 113
Paralysis of Domestic Politics And Economic Reformp. 123
Khartoum Procrastinates on Economic Reformp. 125
Musical-Chairs Coalition Governmentp. 133
The Final Agony of Sudanese Democracyp. 147
A Last, Best Chance for Peace?p. 149
Famine and U.S. Politicsp. 160
The Creeping Coupp. 170
Operation Lifeline Sudanp. 180
Sadiq's Final Roundp. 190
Sadiq's Sadiq's Foreign Policyp. 199
The Perils of Nonalignmentp. 201
Sudan and Libyap. 213
Courting Iran and Iraqp. 236
Conclusions: the Final Reckoningp. 247
Notesp. 259
Bibliographyp. 261
Indexp. 263
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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