The Baltic states after independence /
Ole Nørgaard ... [et al.].
2nd ed.
Cheltenham, UK ; Northampton, MA : Edward Elgar Pub., 1999.
xi, 241 p. : ill.
More Details
added author
Cheltenham, UK ; Northampton, MA : Edward Elgar Pub., 1999.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Ole Norgaard is a Professor at Aarhus University Lars Johannsen is a Research Fellow at Aarhus University Mette Skak is at Aarhus University Rene Hauge Sorensen is also at Aarhus University, Denmark.
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1996-09-01:
Among the first book-length studies on the four years of post-1991 economic and political developments in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, this volume represents a collaboration by Ole Nrrgaard and three others (Univ. of Aarhus, Denmark). The book is an expanded translation of a 1994 Danish publication that was partly based on interviews conducted in the Baltic states by a group of graduate students in 1992. Unfortunately, the interview methodology is not described nor is it clear what type of material derives from interviews. Although each chapter is followed by an extensive list of references to secondary sources, the sources for significant sets of economic and other data are not given. The book also suffers from inadequate editing; e.g., Andrejs Plakans's name is repeatedly misspelled ("Plekhans"). The most useful aspect of the book is its coherent comparative approach: chapters on history (covering the most familiar ground), economic and political developments, and ethnic relations, deal with each of the three states under each topic, rather than sequentially with each state as is usually the case. Strongly recommended as a systematic introduction to the contemporary situation in the three Baltic states. General readers; upper-division undergraduates and graduate students. R. P. Peters University of Massachusetts at Boston
This item was reviewed in:
Reference & Research Book News, November 1999
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Bowker Data Service Summary
The authors consider and explain the processes and obstacles that have characterised the Baltic transition from the Soviet system towards sovereignty, democratic institutions and a market economy.
Main Description
The Baltic States After Independence is an excellent and informative account of how the Baltic republics have failed. . . . This excellent book is indispensable for any scholar studying the former Soviet Union. Although this book will be a definitive reference for transition scholars, it deserves a wider audience. I would encourage every economics major to read it, or at least parts of it. Too often the economics curriculum, tainted by orthodoxy, ignores the interdependence of economics, politics, and international relations. The authors superbly demonstrate that markets do not develop independently and ahistorically, rather their development is path dependent and guided by a qualified and efficient state apparatus. I can think of no better book that disparages neoclassical orthodoxy almost to the point of irrelevancy, while at the same time vindicating the central tenets of institutionalism. Jack Reardon, Journal of Economic Issues Acclaim for the first edition: The book is of great help in understanding the Baltic states, in particular the survival of what has been referred to as the civil society and the (re)-establishment of democracy. Ulf Hansson, Initiative on Conflict Resolution and Ethnicity The second edition of this widely acclaimed book considers the extent to which the Baltic states have succeeded politically and economically in their aspirations to emulate Western institutions since independence. The book has been completely revised since the first edition to account for the rapid changes in the countries themselves, and in the theories that attempt to generalize the patterns of development in post-communist countries. The Baltic States after Independence, Second Edition provides a thorough analysis of the political and economic systems of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. It sheds new light on the processes and obstacles which have characterized the Baltic transition from the Soviet system. The authors examine the history of these countries and the movements towards democracy, institutional change and economic development during the post-communist era. In addition, they analyse other issues including national identity, security and Western integration, and have included a new chapter on international relations, reflecting the changing issues faced by the Baltic states. This book offers a unique insight into political, economic and social life in the three independent Baltic states which will be welcomed by academics and students working in the areas of political science, economic development and transition studies.
Table of Contents
List of Figuresp. vii
List of Tablesp. ix
Preface and Acknowledgements to the 2nd Editionp. x
Democracy and Institutional Change in Post-Communist Countriesp. 1
Issues of Democratizationp. 5
Issues of Economic Transformationp. 8
Issues of State- and Nation-building and Post-Communist International Relationsp. 12
Issues of Baltic Transitionp. 15
Estimating Institutional Changep. 17
History and Institutional Change in the Baltic Statesp. 21
Roads to Independencep. 22
The Soviet Erap. 31
Independence 1920-1940p. 38
Early History and National Identityp. 47
Institutional Legacies and Policy Choices in the Three Baltic Statesp. 53
Notesp. 55
Reconstructing and Developing Democracyp. 56
Institutional Strugglesp. 56
Political Culturep. 95
Consolidating Democracy in the Baltic Statesp. 103
Notesp. 105
Economic Development: Is there an Estonian Success?p. 107
Economic Performance in the Baltic States Compared: Measuring Successp. 108
The Social Costs of Transitionp. 122
The Role of Economic Policy and Institutional Reformsp. 128
The Role of Initial Conditionsp. 143
The Politics of Economic Reformsp. 146
Conclusionp. 153
Notesp. 155
National Identity, Security and Western Integrationp. 156
State- and Nation-buildingp. 157
Economic and Political Re-orientationp. 165
Security Policiesp. 183
Conclusionp. 196
Notesp. 199
Institutional Adaptation in New Democraciesp. 201
Explaining Institutional Change and Adaptation in the Three Baltic States - an Overviewp. 201
Baltic Transition and Theories of Transition and Institutional Changep. 205
Baltic Political Partiesp. 211
Referencesp. 214
Indexp. 234
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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