Strategies for survival : the psychology of cultural resilience in ethnic minorities /
Peter Elsass ; translated by Fran Hopenwasser.
New York : New York University Press, c1992.
xiv, 263 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
0814721885 :
More Details
New York : New York University Press, c1992.
0814721885 :
general note
Translation of: Jorden er vores mor.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references (p. 239-250) and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1993-02:
Elsass, a psychologist at Aarhus University, Denmark, who has been studying cultures in Colombia and Venezuela since 1973, provides an in-depth study of the psychology of survival in Latin America. The author carefully documents the successes and failures of five separate indigenous groups struggling to remain independent, giving special attention to the Motilon of the Venezuelan lowlands and the Arhuaco of the Colombian highlands. The Motilon, Elsass argues, lost their culture after intensive contact with missionaries; by contrast the Arhuaco threw out the missionaries and were able to establish their own educational system. Separate chapters deal respectively with the Colombian village of Chemescua, the Maroons of Suriname (derived from the fieldwork of Richard and Sally Price), and Jonestown, Guyana, prior to the mass suicide. All of these communities, the author contends, have taken stands against foreign influences and tried to maintain a degree of cultural integrity. Elsass's field encounters are episodic. He admits that his approach is not like that of cultural anthropology with a commitment to long-term research. His goal is to make broad comparative statements. Part 3 contains an excellent essay on anthropological advocacy (written with anthropologist Kirsten Hastrup) exploring the roles of anthropologists in representing other people's lives while pleading the cause of the peoples whom they study. The final chapter cogently charts general characteristics of the psychology of cultural survival. Highly recommended. General; lower-division undergraduate. S. D. Glazier; University of Nebraska at Kearney
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, February 1993
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Table of Contents
Motilonp. 3
The Mission Los Angeles del Tucucop. 3
Schooling and Childrearingp. 4
Deculturization and the Murder of a Peoplep. 6
Love without Concernp. 8
The Mission as an Outpost of Civilizationp. 10
The History of Tucucop. 12
The Psychology of the Missionp. 14
The First Contactp. 16
The Indians Imitate the Magic of the Missionariesp. 19
The Destruction of the Long Houses: Cementing of the Earthen Floorsp. 21
A Society of Leisure Becomes a Consumer Societyp. 26
The Long House as the Microcosm of Indian Culturep. 28
The Vulnerability of the Indians: A Collective System without Leadersp. 30
The Motilon as a Counterculturep. 32
The Indian Leaderp. 34
A Society of Equalityp. 35
The Noosep. 39
Arhuacop. 40
Rejection of Foreignersp. 40
The Ecological Principle: The Earth Is Our Motherp. 45
Priesthood and Hierarchyp. 47
Restrictions and Punishmentp. 48
The Greatest Ambition: To Know a Lotp. 49
Coca and Alcoholp. 51
The Loom and Its Many Interpretationsp. 53
To Weave Thoughts of Lifep. 55
Thought Disorders as Survival Mechanismsp. 59
The Missionaries Are Thrown Out the Doorp. 60
The Historical and Political Consciousness of the Indiansp. 62
In Dialogue with the Statep. 64
The Reconstruction of Identityp. 65
Chemescuap. 70
The Road to the Last Villagep. 70
Poverty and Self-Hatredp. 72
The Pattern of Illness: Symptoms of Depressionp. 73
Man and Womanp. 77
The Psychological Point of View: Learned Helplessnessp. 79
The Anthropological Point of View: "Illness" and "Disease"p. 81
The Inhabitants' Point of View: Sickness as Social Controlp. 84
Shamanism as Treatment and Survivalp. 88
The Journey Goes Onp. 89
The Survival of the Indiansp. 91
The Murder of a Culture and a Peoplep. 92
Shamanismp. 94
Indian Movements: Indianidadp. 96
Planned Collectivity or Collective Consciousnessp. 100
The Right to Self-Determinationp. 102
Maroonsp. 107
The Domestic Cattle That Escapedp. 107
Historyp. 108
A Villagep. 110
Individuality, Expressiveness, and Personal Stylep. 112
Play, Creativity, and Improvisationp. 116
Consciousness of Historyp. 117
The Maroons as a Counterculturep. 119
The Maroons as the Theater of Survivorsp. 123
The Floating Islands and the Third Theaterp. 125
No Survival without Communicationp. 126
Jonestownp. 128
Internal Relations
The Anamnesis: The Story of Jim Jonesp. 129
The Clinical Impression: An Encounter with Jim Jonesp. 131
Selection of Members and Isolationp. 132
Public Confessions and Punishmentp. 134
The Break with the Past and the Denial of Feelingsp. 135
Self-Hatred That Led to Suicidep. 136
Apocalypse and Incestp. 138
The Psychology of Large Groupsp. 140
External Relations
The History of the Slavesp. 143
The People's Temple as a Substitute for a Left-Wing Movementp. 147
Two Kinds of Political Consciousness: Elitist and Popularp. 149
Intelligence Activities: CIAp. 151
Reaching an Understanding of the Jonestown Traumap. 152
The Anthropology of Violencep. 156
The Jungle in Guyana Is Not So Far Awayp. 158
The Survival of the Slavesp. 161
The Past as Weaponp. 161
Slaves Who Became Mastersp. 164
The Psychology of the Slavep. 166
Ghettosp. 167
Analysis and Conclusion
The Psychology of Survivalp. 175
The Matrix of Culturep. 176
The Ecological Psyche: "The Earth Is Our Mother"p. 178
Indian and European Ego Perceptionp. 180
The New Type of Human Being: The Survival Artistp. 182
The Heroes of Survivalp. 186
The Hardy Personalityp. 189
Normal People Commit Violencep. 190
Victim and Victimizerp. 191
The Mimesis Mythp. 194
Silence as a Presupposition of Terrorp. 196
A New Understandingp. 197
Decolonizationp. 199
Understanding a Shamanistic Ritualp. 201
Order and Wildnessp. 206
Advocacyp. 211
Applied Anthropologyp. 212
Advocates and Clientsp. 214
The Film Project
The Advocacy Effect of Two Filmsp. 215
Self-Reflection or Self-Presentationp. 218
Authenticityp. 219
The Horticulture Project
A "Development" Programp. 222
The Problem of Landp. 224
Anthropological Advocacy
Representativityp. 226
The Need for Unityp. 229
Culture and Changep. 232
The Concept of Advocacy Reconsideredp. 235
Concluding Remarksp. 237
Referencesp. 239
Indexp. 251
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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