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Between Marxism and Anarchism : Benoît Malon and French reformist socialism /
K. Steven Vincent.
imprint
Berkeley : University of California Press, c1992.
description
xiv, 193 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
0520074602 (alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Berkeley : University of California Press, c1992.
isbn
0520074602 (alk. paper)
catalogue key
2693510
 
Includes bibliographical references (p. 143-185) and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1992-10:
Early in his career as a leader in the French socialist movement Benoit Malon served two prison sentences for advocating the use of violence to shatter the authoritarian order of Napoleon III. Later, as a communard and then an exile, Malon remained a proponent of revolution. After 1880 and the consolidation of the Third Republic, however, Malon rallied to the cause of reform. What makes this study, which comes on the centenary of Malon's death, so valuable is that it shows how strong a current there was on the Left in France that was neither anarchist nor Marxist. Malon and his followers had no use for the anarchists and their doctrine of spontaneous violence, which they saw only as guaranteeing bloodshed and reaction. And the reformists wanted to have nothing to do with Marxism, which they saw as doctrinaire in outlook and authoritarian in practice. Vincent has written a work with remarkable analytical rigor and with gratifying concision. But perhaps the greatest virtue of this study is that it conveys a sense of how much Benoit Malon and the reformists in France as elsewhere saw society as ridden with injustice and desired socialism because it was, they were sure, ethically right. College, university, and public libraries. S. Bailey; Knox College
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This item was reviewed in:
Choice, October 1992
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Summaries
Long Description
Here is the first scholarly study of the life and thought of BenoÎt Malon (1841-1893), the most persuasive and visible spokesman for reformist socialism during the early years of the French Third Republic. Active in the generation of the French Left that came of age under the Second Empire, Malon was a prominent member of the First International in Paris and later joined the Paris Commune. As a result, he was forced into exile in Switzerland and Italy during the 1870s, where he became entangled in the struggles within the International. Malon attempted to steer a course between Marxist authoritarianism and anarchist utopianism, which he continued on his return to France in 1880. Vincent analyzes Malon's role as activist, editor, and author, arguing that Malon drew on a strong tradition of left-wing French republicanism. In his mature works, Malon articulated a socialism that emphasized broad moral and socioeconomic reform and advocated parliamentary rule as the appropriate source of national sovereignty. In helping the republican socialist Left shed its revolutionary associations, he pointed the way for later reformist socialists from Jean JaurÈs to FranÇois Mitterrand.
Unpaid Annotation
Here is the first scholarly study of the life and thought of Benoit Malon (1841-1893), the most persuasive and visible spokesman for reformist socialism during the early years of the French Third Republic.Active in the generation of the French Left that came of age under the Second Empire, Malon was a prominent member of the First International in Paris and later joined the Paris Commune. As a result, he was forced into exile in Switzerland and Italy during the 1870s, where he became entangled in the struggles within the International. Malon attempted to steer a course between Marxist authoritarianism and anarchist utopianism, which he continued on his return to France in 1880.Vincent analyzes Malon's role as activist, editor, and author, arguing that Malon drew on a strong tradition of left-wing French republicanism. In his mature works, Malon articulated a socialism that emphasized broad moral and socioeconomic reform and advocated parliamentary rule as the appropriate source of national sovereignty. In helping the republican socialist Left shed its revolutionary associations, he pointed the way for later reformist socialists from Jean Jaures to Francois Mitterrand.
Table of Contents
Preface
Acknowledgments
Introductionp. 1
The Early Years (1841-1871): Cooperatism, the International, the War, and the Communep. 7
Early Years, Paris, and Cooperatismp. 7
Mikhail Bakunin and Anarchismp. 10
The First International and Collectivismp. 14
The Franco-Prussian War and the Siege of Parisp. 23
The Paris Communep. 29
Malon's Socialism: 1866-1871p. 36
The Years of Exile (1871-1880): Andre Leo, the Jura Federation, and Italian Anarchismp. 39
Exilep. 39
Andre Leop. 41
The Jura Federationp. 45
Italy: Anarchism versus Experimentalismp. 52
The Writings of the Late 1870sp. 57
Ferdinand Lassalle and Reformismp. 62
Marxism, Collectivism, and the French Leftp. 67
Socialism in France during the Early 1870sp. 67
The Introduction of Marxismp. 70
The Victory of Collectivism: 1879-1880p. 74
The Factionalism of the Early 1880s and Malon's Return to Francep. 81
French Marxist Thought: Paul Lafarguep. 86
Malon on Marxism and Collectivismp. 93
Collectivism, Marxism, and the French Leftp. 99
La Revue socialiste and Integral Socialismp. 101
La Revue socialistep. 101
Revolution and Reformp. 105
Republicanismp. 108
The French Revolution, Nationalism, and the Third Republicp. 111
Integral Socialism: Socioeconomic Reformp. 119
Integral Socialism: Political and Social Reformp. 123
Integral Socialism: Altruismp. 128
Conclusionp. 135
Notesp. 143
Indexp. 187
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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