Catalogue


International productivity and competitiveness /
edited by Bert G. Hickman.
imprint
New York : Oxford University Press, 1992.
description
viii, 407 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
0195065158 (acid-free paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
New York : Oxford University Press, 1992.
isbn
0195065158 (acid-free paper)
catalogue key
2519803
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
Reviews
Review Quotes
"The papers as a set are first rate."--Journal of Economic Literature
"The papers as a set are first rate."--Journal of EconomicLiterature
"The papers as a set are first rate."-- Journal of Economic Literature
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Summaries
Long Description
After increasing rapidly for most of the post-war period, productivity growth slowed drastically in the US, and to a lesser extent in all the other major industrialized nations after 1973. The differences in productivity growth affect the relative performance of countries in the international market. The contributors to this book discuss a range of issues organized in four parts: global perspectives; comparative studies of market economies; US international competitiveness; and studies of Japan, West Germany, and China.
Long Description
This pathbreaking volume conveys the "state of the art" of contemporary research on productivity growth and international competitiveness--arguably the most important problems facing contemporary economics. Adopting a worldwide perspective that features comparative analyses of both industrialized and developing countries, the book assembles papers from an international roster of leading scholars who cover a wide range of complementary topics and approaches. A number of the papers attempt to increase the clarity of thinking about "competitiveness" by developing formal definitions of the concept and relating it to more conventional economics concepts such as productivity. Some provide a macroeconomic perspective whereas others compare cross-sections of individual industries across countries or analyze the efficacy of industrial policies to promote competitiveness. Among the common themes, which are highlighted in the editor's overview chapter, are the measurement of labor and total factor productivity, accounting for the sources of productivity growth, the use of purchasing power parity indexes in international comparisons of productivity levels, the worldwide productivity slowdown, the extent of productivity convergence among developed economies, the primacy of exchange rate fluctuations in short-term movements of competitiveness since the early 1970's, and the causes of the apparent loss of U.S. competitiveness during the 1980's.
Main Description
This pathbreaking volume conveys the "state of the art" of contemporary research on productivity growth and international competitiveness--arguably the most important problems facing contemporary economics. Adopting a worldwide perspective that features comparative analyses of bothindustrialized and developing countries, the book assembles papers from an international roster of leading scholars who cover a wide range of complementary topics and approaches. A number of the papers attempt to increase the clarity of thinking about "competitiveness" by developing formaldefinitions of the concept and relating it to more conventional economics concepts such as productivity. Some provide a macroeconomic perspective whereas others compare cross-sections of individual industries across countries or analyze the efficacy of industrial policies to promote competitiveness. Among the common themes, which are highlighted in the editor's overview chapter, are the measurement of labor and total factor productivity, accounting for the sources of productivity growth, the use of purchasing power parity indexes in international comparisons of productivity levels, theworldwide productivity slowdown, the extent of productivity convergence among developed economies, the primacy of exchange rate fluctuations in short-term movements of competitiveness since the early 1970's, and the causes of the apparent loss of U.S. competitiveness during the 1980's.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgmentsp. v
Contributorsp. 1
International Productivity and Competitiveness: An Overviewp. 3
Referencesp. 30
Global Perspectivesp. 31
Restructuring of the World Economyp. 33
Referencesp. 48
Aggregate Productivity and Growth in an International Comparative Settingp. 49
Appendix 3-2p. 66
Appendix 3-2p. 75
Appendix 3-2p. 78
Productivity, Competitiveness, and Export Growth in Developing Countriesp. 80
Notesp. 94
Notesp. 95
Productivity, Competitiveness, and the Socialist Systemp. 97
Notesp. 129
Referencesp. 130
Comparative Studies of Market Economiesp. 135
An International Comparison of Manufacturing Productivity and Unit Labor Cost Trendsp. 137
Referencesp. 157
Intercountry Changes in Productivity in the Manufacturing Sector of Five Oeced Countries, 1963-86p. 158
Notesp. 175
An International Comparison of the Multisectoral Production Structure of the United States, West Germany, and Japanp. 177
Comparisons of Our Estimates with Those by Other Researchersp. 197
Notesp. 201
Notesp. 202
Productivity and International Competitiveness in Japan and the United States , 1960-85p. 203
p. 226
Notesp. 228
Referencesp. 228
International Competitiveness of U.S. and Japanese Manufacturing Industriesp. 230
Notesp. 251
Appendix 10-2 Datap. 251
Notesp. 252
U.S. International Competitivenessp. 253
Macroeconomic Policies, Competitiveness, and U.S. External Adjustmentp. 255
Notesp. 273
Notesp. 274
U.S. Competitiveness and the Exchange Rate: A General Equilibrium Analysis of the U.S. Economy, 1982-86p. 276
Notesp. 296
Notesp. 297
Technology, Capital Formation, and U.S. Competitivenessp. 299
Referencesp. 323
Country Studiesp. 327
Price and Output Adjustment in Japanese Manufacturingp. 329
Notesp. 343
Notesp. 344
The Trade and Industrial Policies of Postwar Japan: A Theoretical Perspectivep. 345
Referencesp. 362
Notesp. 362
Protection and International Competitiveness: A View from West Germanyp. 364
Indexp. 393
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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