Challenging the state : churches as political actors in South Africa, 1980-1994 /
Tristan Anne Borer.
Notre Dame, Ind. : University of Notre Dame Press, c1998.
xx, 289 p. ; 24 cm.
0268008299 (pbk.)
More Details
Notre Dame, Ind. : University of Notre Dame Press, c1998.
0268008299 (pbk.)
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references (p.269-284) and index.
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Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1999-04:
Borer (government, Connecticut College) has produced a valuable and interesting study of the role of religious institutions and the process of recent political change in South Africa. She correctly notes that studies of political change hardly ever concentrate on religious institutions and religious leaders, yet these are frequently directly involved in confronting political and social inequalities. This study falls within the genre of "Religion and Politics"; it reviews what Latin Americans came to call "liberation theology," leaving one to question whether all true theology might be liberation theology. The focus of Borer's study is the role of the South African Council of Churches and the Southern African Catholic Bishop's Conference, which were both at the forefront of opposition to the government during the waning years of the apartheid era. In fact, the former declared the government illegitimate and the SACBC somewhat reluctantly echoed this sentiment. Chapters include "The Church and Change in South Africa"; "A Legacy of Protest and Challenge"; "The Changing Political Context"; "The Changing Religious Context"; "Contextual Theology"; and "The Institutional Context of Political Debates." The final chapter looks at South Africa in the 1990s. Unfortunately Borer's summary overview of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission is very one-sided, never mentioning ANC human rights violations. Graduate and professionals. B. M. du Toit; University of Florida
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Choice, April 1999
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Table of Contents
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
List of Acronymsp. xix
Politics, Ideas, and Institutions: Explaining Church Change in South Africap. 1
The Churches and Legitimacyp. 2
Patterns of Changep. 4
Explaining Church Changep. 8
Changing Religious Context: The Importance of Ideasp. 9
Changing Political Contextp. 15
Institutional Contextp. 17
Conclusionp. 18
A Legacy of Protest and Challengep. 21
The Roots of Challengep. 22
The Formation of the Union of South Africa--1910p. 23
The Natives Land Act--1913p. 25
The Hertzog Bills--1932-1936p. 26
World War II and Its Effects--the 1940sp. 28
Apartheid--1948p. 31
The Liberation Movement Respondsp. 32
The Turn to Armed Resistance--the 1960sp. 37
Black Consciousness and Exile--the 1970sp. 39
Conclusionp. 40
Changing Political Context: The Spiral of Involvementp. 44
The Political Context: The 1980sp. 44
Church Involvement in the 1980sp. 51
1980-1983p. 52
1983-1985p. 54
1985-1988p. 60
1988-1990p. 70
Conclusionp. 78
Changing Religious Context: The Role of Ideasp. 83
The Origins of Contextual Theologyp. 85
Catholic Social Thoughtp. 85
The Christian Institutep. 89
Black Theologyp. 91
The South African Council of Churchesp. 94
Overlapping Sourcesp. 96
Theological Evolution: From Race to Classp. 98
Contextual Theologyp. 99
Contextual Theology and the Spiral of Involvementp. 105
Issues in Contextual Theology in the 1980sp. 105
Apartheid Is a Heresyp. 105
A Call to Prayer for an End to Unjust Rulep. 106
The Kairos Documentp. 108
Post-Kairos Theological Development: Harare and Lusakap. 110
Theology and Violencep. 112
Evidence of Influencep. 115
The Theology of the SACC and SACBCp. 115
Response to Contextual Theologyp. 118
Joint Statements and Actionsp. 122
Overlapping Rolesp. 124
Conclusionp. 125
The Institutional Context of Political Debatesp. 128
The SACC and SACBC: A Difference in Typep. 129
Decision-Making Structures and Their Consequencesp. 135
Ties between the SACC and Its Member Churchesp. 142
The Race Factorp. 146
International Linkagesp. 151
State Repression: SACC versus SACBCp. 160
Conclusionp. 164
South Africa in the 1990s: New Contexts, New Identitiesp. 167
Changing Political Contextp. 168
Negotiationsp. 168
Violencep. 171
Church Response to a New Political Contextp. 172
Negotiationsp. 173
Violencep. 175
Changing Religious Contextp. 179
The Evolution of a New Identityp. 180
The Content of New Contextual Theologiesp. 190
The Impact of New Ideasp. 193
A New Institutional Contextp. 198
Where Have the Prophets Gone? An Update on Actors and Eventsp. 204
Conclusionp. 207
A Note on Primary Sourcesp. 209
Notesp. 211
Bibliographyp. 269
Indexp. 285
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