X-Ray diffraction : a practical approach /
C. Suryanarayana and M. Grant Norton.
New York : Plenum Press, c1998.
xiii, 273 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
More Details
added author
New York : Plenum Press, c1998.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references (p. 265-269) and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1999-02:
Appearing as a textbook for undergraduates in materials science and metallurgy, this book is limited to a discussion of old-fashioned powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) techniques. There is barely any mention of currently used computer-controlled apparatus, computer analysis of data (e.g., indexing programs), or computer searching of the primary database in this field (described only in terms of its printed version). Part 1 (lacking any homework exercises) consists of approximately 50 pages each devoted to lattice theory and to one type of PXRD instrument, with many tables, boxes, figures, and blank spaces and not much text. The primary emphasis and the only reason for considering purchasing this volume is found in part 2: 150 pages devoted to eight modules describing practical applications of PXRD in metallurgy and materials science. For each of these modules there are detailed experimental instructions, prerecorded experimental data (in case one does not have access to the proper instrumentation), explicit rules for analyzing the data (by hand), and homework problems, along with many worktables to be filled out during data analysis. Though useful and instructive, these worktables transform this book into an expensive laboratory workbook. The bibliography is out-of-date. Undergraduates. R. Rudman; Adelphi University
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, February 1999
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Main Description
In this, the only book available to combine both theoretical and practical aspects of x-ray diffraction, the authors emphasize a "hands on" approach through experiments and examples based on actual laboratory data. Part I presents the basics of x-ray diffraction and explains its use in obtaining structural and chemical information. In Part II, eight experimental modules enable the students to gain an appreciation for what information can be obtained by x-ray diffraction and how to interpret it. Examples from all classes of materials -- metals, ceramics, semiconductors, and polymers -- are included. Diffraction patterns and Bragg angles are provided for students without diffractometers. 192 illustrations.
Unpaid Annotation
Theoretical texts of x-rays diffraction often frustrates beginners. After plowing through thick jargon, they may have little understanding of how to record an x-ray diffraction pattern and how to derive useful information from it. Unlike any other text, this excellent instructional tool emphasizes a "hands-on" approach, with practical experimental modules to teach readers how to use the technique even without access to an x-ray diffractometer.
Table of Contents
X-Rays and Diffraction
Lattices and Crystal Structures
Practical Aspects of X-Ray Diffraction
Experimental Modules
Crystal Structure Determination. I: Cubic Structures
Crystal Structure Determination. II: Hexagonal Structures
Precise Lattice Parameter Measurements
Phase Diagram Determination
Detection of Long-Range Ordering
Determination of Crystallite Size and Lattice Strain
Quantitative Analysis of Powder Mixtures
Identification of an Unknown Specimen
Plane-Spacing Equations and Unit Cell Volumes
Quadratic Forms of Miller Indices for the Cubic System
Atomic and Ionic Scattering Factors of Some Selected Elements
Summary of Structure Factor Calculations
Mass Absorption Coefficients [mu]/[rho] (cm[superscript 2]/g) and Densities [rho] (g/cm[superscript 3]) of Some Selected Elements
Multiplicity Factors
Lorentz-Polarization Factor [actual symbol not reproducible]
Physical Constants and Conversion Factors
JCPDS-ICDD Card Numbers for Some Common Materials
Crystal Structures and Lattice Parameters of Some Selected Materials
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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