Catalogue

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Oil and politics in the Gulf : rulers and merchants in Kuwait and Qatar /
Jill Crystal.
imprint
Cambridge [England] ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1990
description
xv, 210 p. ; 24 cm. --
ISBN
0521366399
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Cambridge [England] ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1990
isbn
0521366399
general note
Includes index.
catalogue key
2021271
 
Bibliography: p. 194-203.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Jill Crystal is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at Auburn University. She has travelled extensively in the Middle East and published in Comparative Politics and World Politics.
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1991-04:
Crystal (University of Michigan) has written a very timely study of politics and state-building in two oil-bearing Persian Gulf sheikhdoms, Kuwait and Qatar. Nearly two-thirds of the account is devoted to Kuwait, reflecting its greater size and complexity. Crystal argues that the rulers of Kuwait have survived by manipulating the interests of various local groups, including the royal family, the merchant class, the bedouins, and, most recently, the bureaucracy. At the same time, these rulers have until recently maintained the autonomy of their country by ensuring smooth succession from one ruler to the next, and by carefully balancing such external forces as the British and the neighboring Saudis. Crystal's account makes it clear that Kuwait was never under the control of the Ottoman Empire or its successor state, Iraq. She argues that oil has exerted a profound influence on both Kuwait and Qatar. Kuwait's enormous investment in upstream and downstream elements of the international oil industry, as well as in other unrelated European and American enterprises (to the point that income from these sources has at times exceeded even the massive oil income), suggests a hitherto unremarked aspect that may have attracted Saddam Hussein's attention. Recommended for advanced undergraduate and graduate students. -F. Tachau, University of Illinois at Chicago
Reviews
Review Quotes
'... a welcome addition to the literature and should be read by any student of the Gulf oil states.' Charles Gurdon, Business History
'... a welcome addition to the literature and should be read by any student of the Gulf oil states.'Charles Gurdon, Business History
‘… a welcome addition to the literature and should be read by any student of the Gulf oil states.’Charles Gurdon, Business History
'This book is vital for an understanding of Kuwait's political economy - or economic politics.' Theodore Draper, New York Review of Books
'This book is vital for an understanding of Kuwait's political economy - or economic politics.'Theodore Draper, New York Review of Books
‘This book is vital for an understanding of Kuwait’s political economy - or economic politics.’Theodore Draper, New York Review of Books
'This book should appeal to several kinds of audiences: regionalists interested in the Middle East and Persian Gulf States; international relations specialists who want to know more about this strategic area and would like some solid local history upon which to anchor their postwar analyses; and theorists of state development ... ' Gregory Nowell, American Political Science Review
'This book should appeal to several kinds of audiences: regionalists interested in the Middle East and Persian Gulf States; international relations specialists who want to know more about this strategic area and would like some solid local history upon which to anchor their postwar analyses; and theorists of state development ... 'Gregory Nowell, American Political Science Review
’This book should appeal to several kinds of audiences: regionalists interested in the Middle East and Persian Gulf States; international relations specialists who want to know more about this strategic area and would like some solid local history upon which to anchor their postwar analyses; and theorists of state development … ’Gregory Nowell, American Political Science Review
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, April 1991
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Summaries
Description for Bookstore
This book asks why in recent years the social and economic upheavals in Kuwait and Qatar have been accompanied by a remarkable political continuity. Professor Crystal investigates this apparent anomaly by examining the impact of oil on the formation and destruction of political coalitions and state institutions.
Description for Library
This book asks why in recent years the social and economic upheavals in Kuwait and Qatar have been accompanied by a remarkable political continuity. Professor Crystal investigates this apparent anomaly by examining the impact of oil on the formation and destruction of political coalitions and state institutions. Partly based on a year's fieldwork in the Gulf and making full use of Arabic and Gulf sources, Oil and Politics in the Gulf goes far beyond previously published accounts of the region in its analysis of the effects of oil on domestic politics.
Main Description
Why in recent years have the social and economic upheavals in Kuwait and Qatar been accompanied by a remarkable political continuity? In a region of revolution and coups, these particular monarchies have somehow survived. In her analysis of political change in the Gulf, Jill Crystal investigates this apparent anomaly by examining the impact of oil on the formation and destruction of political coalitions and state institutions. She also adds to our understanding of state formation by highlighting the ways in which states and rulers structure the relationship between those with money and those with power. This updated edition includes a discussion of the Gulf War and its aftermath.
Table of Contents
Prefacep. xi
Kuwait family treep. xiii
Qatar family treep. xiv
State formation and oilp. 1
Explaining regimesp. 2
The impact of oilp. 6
Political arrangementsp. 9
Distributive policiesp. 10
Centralization of powerp. 11
History's legacy: Kuwait and Qatar before oilp. 15
The founding of Kuwaitp. 18
The founding of Qatarp. 26
Conclusionp. 33
Kuwait on the eve of oilp. 36
Economic structuresp. 37
Social stratificationp. 39
Pre-oil politics and the merchant elitep. 41
The ruling familyp. 43
The merchant oppositionp. 44
The Majlis Movement of 1938p. 47
Conclusionp. 56
Kuwait after oilp. 62
The rise of the ruling familyp. 62
Britain and the bureaucracyp. 66
The merchantsp. 73
Distributive politicsp. 78
Oppositionp. 81
Independence, state formation and coalition buildingp. 83
The National Assembly and the merchants' declinep. 84
The merchants and the statep. 89
Jabir's accession and the ruling familyp. 93
Administrative reformp. 94
Suq al-Manakh and the merchantsp. 97
The Iranian revolution and domestic alliancesp. 100
Conclusionp. 109
Qatarp. 112
Economic and social structuresp. 113
The transformation with oilp. 118
Britain and the bureaucracyp. 121
The ruling familyp. 129
The merchantsp. 133
Class formation and national identityp. 139
The pattern of rule after oilp. 145
The ruling family and the merchantsp. 147
Khalifa's accessionp. 155
Bureaucratic growth and bureaucratic controlp. 158
The development of a civic mythp. 161
Oil and the regional environmentp. 164
Conclusionp. 167
The Gulf War and its aftermathp. 171
The reasons for the Iraqi invasionp. 171
The Iraqi occupationp. 174
The Gulf Warp. 175
The postwar economyp. 176
Postwar politicsp. 178
Qatarp. 183
Conclusionp. 185
Conclusionp. 187
Problems of controlp. 188
Problems of loyaltyp. 191
Rulers' responsesp. 192
Locating the argumentp. 193
Locating the casesp. 201
Notesp. 206
Select bibliographyp. 220
Indexp. 234
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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