Catalogue


Poland's last king and English culture : Stanisław August Poniatowski, 1732-1798 /
Richard Butterwick.
imprint
Oxford : Clarendon Press ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1998.
description
xix, 376 p. : ill., port.
ISBN
0198207018
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Oxford : Clarendon Press ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1998.
isbn
0198207018
catalogue key
1754997
 
Includes bibliographical references.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1999-01:
Although this is not the full-length scholarly biography that Stanis/law August Poniatowski deserves (Adam Zamoyski's The Last King of Poland, 1997, is the best treatment in English), Butterwick's superb scholarly study on a specific theme that touched almost every aspect of the king's career is an important contribution. Butterworth (Queen's Univ., Belfast) sets the historical scene by putting Stanis/law in the context of Polish and European attitudes to England, then analyzes the sources of the king's well-known Anglophilia, finally treating its effects on his activity and on the history of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Chapters on English constitutional influences on political reform in Poland during Stanis/law's first half-decade of rule, on the Polish constitution of May 3, 1791, on the king and English literature and art (with intelligently chosen illustrations), and on intellectual and scientific currents in the Commonwealth serve effectively to reinforce the book's thesis. Suggestive, and for the most part convincing, this study (based in both extensive archival research and a thorough mastery of the printed sources) throws Stanis/law and his reign into a new, positive light, building thereby on some important recent Polish scholarship. All levels. P. W. Knoll; University of Southern California
Reviews
Review Quotes
'Butterwick has produced a meticulously researched and elegantly written account of Stanislaw's fascination with English cultural, intellectual and political life... Butterwick demonstrates convincingly through a close analysis of Stanislaw's writing on government not only that the Polish kinghad a serious commitment to the political reform of Poland... but also that the English form of government was an important model for him... Butterwick skillfully demonstrates the significance of English ideas in Polish constitutional thought.'Journal of Modern History
'Butterwick is a young but extremely well-read historian less interested in Stanislaw August's efficacy or political afterlife than in the reforms he had attempted during his reign as well as the possible influence of the English model on his projects and decisions.'George Gomori, Journal of Europena Studies XXX
'Butterwick's superb scholarly study on a specific theme that touched almost every aspect of the king's career is an important contribution ... this study (based in both extensive archival research and a thorough mastery of the printed sources) throws Stanislaw and his reign into a newscholarship.'P. W. Knoll, CHOICE
"Butterwick's superb study...is an important contribution....throws Stanislaw and his reign into a new, positive light."--Choice
'Richard Butterwick makes an important new contribution to our knowledge ... Butterwick's book is based on extensive research. His comprehensive discussion of Polish-English cultural contacts comes from fresh archival material. The political sections, while including archival material, comemostly from a review of Polish historiography of the 1990s which is unknown to English-language readers.'Daniel Stone, The International History Review XXI.2 June 1999
'the first major work of scholarship to explore in depth, and on the basis of extensive archival research in Poland and England, the king's Anglophilia ... Butterwick tackles this task with eminent success; he writes elegantly and with a confidence born out of a thorough knowledge of hissubject ... There is much here for the comparative historian. The book enriches our understanding of eighteenth-century Anglophilia and provides a new perspective on England's place in the enlightenment. In short, it is an impressive and stimulating achievement.'W.H. Zawadzki, Abingdon School, Oxon, EHR, June 1999
'The sheer thoroughness of Richard Butterwick's research is very impressive ... an ... extremely interesting and illuminating book.'Jan Jederzejewski, Irish Slavonic Studies, Vol 19, 1998
'Richard Butterwick makes an important new contribution to our knowledge ... Butterwick's book is based on extensive research. His comprehensive discussion of Polish-English cultural contacts comes from fresh archival material. The political sections, while including archival material, come mostly from a review of Polish historiography of the 1990s which is unknown to English-language readers.'Daniel Stone, The International History Review XXI.2 June 1999'Butterwick is a young but extremely well-read historian less interested in Stanislaw August's efficacy or political afterlife than in the reforms he had attempted during his reign as well as the possible influence of the English model on his projects and decisions.'George Gomori, Journal of Europena Studies XXX'Butterwick has produced a meticulously researched and elegantly written account of Stanislaw's fascination with English cultural, intellectual and political life... Butterwick demonstrates convincingly through a close analysis of Stanislaw's writing on government not only that the Polish king had a serious commitment to the political reform of Poland... but also that the English form of government was an important model for him... Butterwick skillfullydemonstrates the significance of English ideas in Polish constitutional thought.'Journal of Modern History'The sheer thoroughness of Richard Butterwick's research is very impressive ... an ... extremely interesting and illuminating book.'Jan Jederzejewski, Irish Slavonic Studies, Vol 19, 1998'Butterwick's superb scholarly study on a specific theme that touched almost every aspect of the king's career is an important contribution ... this study (based in both extensive archival research and a thorough mastery of the printed sources) throws Stanislaw and his reign into a new scholarship.'P. W. Knoll, CHOICE'the first major work of scholarship to explore in depth, and on the basis of extensive archival research in Poland and England, the king's Anglophilia ... Butterwick tackles this task with eminent success; he writes elegantly and with a confidence born out of a thorough knowledge of his subject ... There is much here for the comparative historian. The book enriches our understanding of eighteenth-century Anglophilia and provides a new perspective onEngland's place in the enlightenment. In short, it is an impressive and stimulating achievement.'W.H. Zawadzki, Abingdon School, Oxon, EHR, June 1999
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, January 1999
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Summaries
Main Description
The attempt by Stanislaw August Poniatowski (1764-95) "to create anew the Polish world" was one of the most audacious enterprises of reform undertaken by any enlightened monarch in the eighteenth century. Inspired by his love of England, the king's efforts helped bring about a flourishing of Polish culture and a constitution admired across Europe. They also provoked the revenge of Russia and the partitioning of the state. With new perspectives on the successes and limitations of the Polish Enlightenment, this book presents a dynamic interpretation of European culture in the eighteenth century.
Main Description
The attempt by Stanislaw August Poniatowski (1764-95) 'to create anew the Polish world' was one of the most audacious enterprises of reform undertaken by any enlightened monarch in the eighteenth century. None started in less promising circumstances. Politically the King was trapped between aRussian protectorate and a nobility wedded to its anarchic liberty. The beginnings of the Polish Enlightenment had yet to make more than ripples on the stagnant waters of Polish culture. Yet by 1791, Poland-Lithuania had made a huge cultural advance, and had given herself a constitution admiredacross Europe. Tragically for Poland, her neighbours then destroyed much of these achievements and partitioned the country out of existence. Stanislaw August died in exile, cursed by most of his compatriots to this day. In Poland's Last King', Richard Butterwick reassesses the achievement of Poland's last and most controversial king. He shows how Stanislaw's radical plans for reform of Poland's constitution and culture were profoundly influenced by his love of England, and examines the successes and limitations ofthe Polish Enlightenment.
Table of Contents
Prefacep. vii
A Note on Pronunciationp. xiv
Glossaryp. xv
Abbreviationsp. xviii
Introductionp. 1
Sarmatia and Englandp. 15
The Enlightenment and Englandp. 35
The Education of an Enlightened Anglophilep. 65
The Influence of Sir Charles Hanbury Williamsp. 86
Stanis&lslash;aw's Visit to England in 1754p. 102
The Contacts of Stanis&lslash;aw and His Circle with the English World After 1754p. 124
The English Constitution and the First Efforts to Reform the Commonwealth (1763-1768)p. 146
Stanistaw August and English Literaturep. 172
Stanis&lslash;aw August and English Artp. 191
Sapere Audep. 223
'Less Showy Means': from the Confederacy of Bar to the Four Year Seymp. 245
The Influence of the English Constitution on the Constitution of 3 May 1791p. 275
Conclusionp. 310
Bibliographyp. 321
Indexp. 353
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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