Under Northern eyes : Latin American studies and US hegemony in the Americas, 1898-1990 /
Mark T. Berger.
Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c1995.
xiii, 570 p.
0253311721 (alk. paper)
More Details
Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c1995.
0253311721 (alk. paper)
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.
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Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1996-06-01:
Berger (Murdoch Univ., Australia) has written what can only be described as a Latin American specialist's dream text. His bibliographic study of US-Latin American research, 1898-1990, is comprehensive, well written, and moderate in tone, despite the author's clear opposition to US intervention in the region. Berger's main thesis is that academic scholarship on US policy in the hemisphere has contributed to a maintenance of North American hegemony over Latin American nations. Berger is cautious not to turn his study into a Marxist polemic; instead, he carefully and meticulously describes the work of prominent scholars in the field, while commenting on how their research contributed to the domination of the US over its neighbors. Although Berger emphasizes that his work is unique in employing new theoretical frameworks such as Gramscian international relations theory and a poststructural discourse approach, other books such as Howard Wiarda's Ethnocentrism in Foreign Policy: Can We Understand the Third World? (1985) and U.S. Latin American Policymaking: A Reference Handbook, ed. by David Dent (1995), have previously treated the relationship between scholarship and US policy objectives. Berger may be more pronounced in criticizing scholars for supporting the existing policy paradigm, but his observations are not revelations. Graduate students; faculty. M. J. Kryzanek Bridgewater State College
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Choice, June 1996
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Main Description
Under Northern Eyes examines how North American scholarship on Latin America has tended to support U.S. policy toward that part of the world since the latter part of the nineteenth century. Berger looks at universities, research centers, the various branches of the U.S. government, and the numerous national, international, and philanthropic foundations concerned with Latin America. He concludes that, despite the view that there should be "a distinction between academic activity and the conduct of U.S. policy, the growth of Latin American studies specifically, and area studies in the social sciences more generally, has been integrally connected to U.S. expansion in Latin America and the rest of the world."ContentsIntroduction. Understanding Latin AmericaPart I. U.S. Hegemony and the Rise of Latin American Studies, 1898Ð1968Chapter 1. Civilizing the South, 1898Ð1945Chapter 2. Modernization and Development, 1945Ð1968Part II. The U.S. Hegemonic Crisis and the Transformation of Latin American Studies, 1968Ð1990Chapter 3. The Limits of Power, 1968Ð1979Chapter 4. The New Cold War, 1979Ð1984Chapter 5. The Triumph of Democracy, 1985-1990Conclusion. Managing Latin America and Containing Central AmericaEpilogue. Latin America and Latin American Studies in the 1990sBibliography
Table of Contents
Preface and Acknowledgments
Introduction: Understanding Latin Americap. 1
US Hegemony and the Rise of Latin American Studies, 1898-1968
Civilizing the South, 1898-1945p. 25
Modernization and Development, 1945-1968p. 66
The US Hegemonic Crisis and the Transformation of Latin American Studies, 1968-1990
The Limits of Power, 1968-1979p. 101
The New Cold War, 1979-1984p. 154
The Triumph of Democracy, 1985-1990p. 184
Conclusion: Containing Central America and Managing Latin Americap. 228
Notesp. 233
Bibliographyp. 376
Indexp. 563
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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