All souls' rising /
Madison Smartt Bell.
1st ed.
New York : Pantheon Books, c1995.
xiv, 530 p. ; 24 cm.
More Details
New York : Pantheon Books, c1995.
general note
Map of Saint Domingue in the late eighteenth century (Haiti) on end papers.
catalogue key
A Look Inside
This item was nominated for the following awards:
National Book Awards, USA, 1995 : Nominated
PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction, USA, 1996 : Nominated
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Publishers Weekly on 1995-08-28:
In an astonishing novel of epic scope, Bell (Save Me, Joe Louis) follows the lives of a handful of characters from radically different social strata during the period of Haiti's struggle for independence. Nothing about that period was simple. In 1791, when the Caribbean island that native Amerindians called ``Hayti'' was divided between a Spanish colony in the east and the French colony of Saint Domingue, a slave revolt broke out in the French territory that claimed 12,000 lives in its first months. But the fighting wasn't only between black slaves and white owners; the colony had a Byzantine social structure that recognized 64 different ``shades'' of mulatto; of the half-million blacks in Saint Domingue, some 30,000 were free mulattos whose political interests often ran contrary to those of the slaves. The country's 40,000 whites were themselves divided over the outcome of the recent revolution in France. During the next 12 years, to increase their power bases, four racial/political groups‘white royalists, white republicans, free mulattos and black slaves‘formed and dissolved a string of unlikely alliances at a dizzying clip. Bell's principals here include a runaway slave looking for real freedom, the disturbed mistress of a razed sugar plantation and a royalist soldier in the embattled Cap Français guard. Central to the narrative are Toussaint L'Ouverture, the enigmatic 51-year-old leader of the revolt, and Doctor Antoine Hébert, a Frenchman who shows up in Haiti just before the revolt breaks out. Hébert, who spends time as Toussaint's prisoner, falls for a freed mulatto. Warned by a young married Frenchwomen that ``Who marries a black woman becomes black,'' the physician is appalled, yet heeds the very words he dismisses. Toussaint, too, bears the mark of contradiction. He appears to be a simple, devout man, but he has ``learned a way to make his words march in more than one direction.'' A handful of chapters are set in 1802, when Toussaint is taken across the Atlantic as a prisoner. By omitting the middle of the revolutionary's story (during which he takes over Haiti, names himself governor-general and refuses to declare it independent), Bell astutely indicates that Toussaint, who saw himself as a noble warrior, was in fact motivated by a bizarre and self-defeating concept. By alluding to the end of the revolution only in a beautiful and haunting epilogue, moreover, Bell avoids the sense of victory that mars so many novels about revolution. Here at least, after more than 500 wrenching pages of rapes and massacres and fetuses impaled on pikes, there can be no question of a winner of the battle for Haitian liberation. Surviving it was feat enough. In Bell's hands, the chaos, marked by unspeakable acts of violence, that surrounds these characters somehow elucidates the nobility of even the most craven among them. (Oct.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved
Appeared in Library Journal on 1995-10-01:
As has been the case throughout much of its history, Haiti in the 1790s was racked by violence, the result of an intricate and sometimes brutal system of racial and social classification exacerbated by the upheavals of the French Revolution. Thus, Haiti provides an ideal setting for Bell (Save Me Joe Louis, LJ 5/1/93) to explore his interest in the motivations that all too often propel us to give vent to our baser instincts. The story centers on the bloody beginnings of the rebellion from which Toussaint L'Ouverture, a seemingly docile slave, eventually emerged as the self-proclaimed governor general of the island. Bell has crafted a somewhat complex and violent tale, it opens with a woman being crucified for killing her baby so he would not have to live the life of a slave. Not for the faint-hearted, this work offers a fascinating glimpse into a little-known episode of hemispheric history. One can be glad for the chronology and the glossary Bell includes. Most appropriate for public libraries and academic libraries where Bell's work is popular. [Previewed in Prepub Alert, LJ 6/1/95.], David W. Henderson, Eckerd Coll. Lib., St. Petersburg, Fla. (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Review Quotes
"As powerful as a hurricane. . . .All Souls' Risingis really about us, our times, our prejudices, our race wars." The Atlanta Journal-Constitution "A serious historical novel that reads like a dream." The Washington Post Book World "Rich and ambitious. . . . One of the most sophisticated fictional treatments of the enduring themes of class, color, and freedom." San Francisco Chronicle "A powerful and intelligent novel. . . . Historical fiction in the monumental manner." The New York Times Book Review "A beautifully composed, eloquent, grand nightmare of a book. With it, Bell becomes as remarkable a historical novelist as we have in this country." Harold Bloom "A work of breathtaking stylistic expertise on a large scale, easily [Bell's] most daring and accomplished novel." The Baltimore Sun "A passionately engaged opus.All Souls' Risingreflects both a sustained imaginative audacity and great intellectual resourcefulness." The New Yorker "Remarkable. . . .All Souls' Risingdeserves to be read for its fictional representation of history and for its compelling characterizations. But its political importance should not be underestimated. . . . Bell's excursion into revolutionary Haiti is the attempt of an undaunted novelist to stand face to face, as it were, with the prehistory of our own racial divisiveness. . . . An important book." The Oregonian "I've known Madison Smartt Bell's work for quite a while, and this is the best thing he's ever doneand probably the best thing he'll ever do, which is my definition of a masterpiece.All Souls' Risingis simply breathtaking." Gloria Naylor "The scope of this ambitious narrative is heroic. . . . Bell demonstrates that each race destroys itself in doing evil to the other." Chicago Tribune "A major work, a triumph of both storytelling and inspired historical analysis." Robert Stone "A vivid, visceral tale. . . . [Bell] has taken the events of eighteenth-century colonial Haiti and made them a prism for the most divisive issues confronting us today." The Philadelphia Inquirer "Bell's luminous, intelligent novel . . . is magnificent. It restores my faith in the energy of American fiction." Barbara Probst Solomon From the Trade Paperback edition.
This item was reviewed in:
Kirkus Reviews,
Publishers Weekly, August 1995
Library Journal, October 1995
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Main Description
One of the most prolific and gifted writers at work today presents an epic novel of astonishing depth and range about the black uprising in Haiti 200 years ago. A remarkable retelling of an episode of racial hatred at its most visceral and most unimaginably destructive, All Souls' Rising is Bell's most ambitious, most deeply satisfying novel to date.
Table of Contents
Prologuep. 3
Bois Cayman (August 1791)p. 9
Leur Cafe Au Caramel (August-November 1791)p. 129
Exchange of Prisoners (November 1791-April 1792)p. 263
Illumination (August 1792-June 1793)p. 353
Envoip. 501
Chronology of Historical Eventsp. 505
Another Devil's Dictionaryp. 524
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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