Verbal decision analysis for unstructured problems /
by Oleg I. Larichev and Helen M. Moshkovich.
Boston : Kluwer Academic Publishers, c1997.
xii, 258 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
0792345789 (hc : alk. paper)
More Details
Boston : Kluwer Academic Publishers, c1997.
0792345789 (hc : alk. paper)
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references (p. 247-255) and index.
A Look Inside
This item was reviewed in:
SciTech Book News, March 1998
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Main Description
This book is devoted to a special class of decision making problems, called 'unstructured problems'. The peculiarity of these problems is connected with the essentially qualitative description of the involved factors and the subjective character of relations between these factors. The work describes the world of human decisions and methods of action that improve the chances of making sensible decisions in a complicated, contradictory and incompletely definite environment. A new procedure of decision making in non-structured problems is constructed and some methods that are logical inferences from it are demonstrated. The studies proceed from the contradiction between the normative methods of decision making, which prescribes the decision maker how to make the best decisions and the descriptive results showing how in real life people act when making a decision. The authors propose an approach that integrates modelling procedures with elicitation methods.
Table of Contents
Introductionp. 1
Individual Decision Making: Approaches and Methodsp. 9
Participant of the process of decision makingp. 12
Economico-mathematical approach to problems of choicep. 19
Mathematical modeling in problems of choicep. 29
System approach to problems of choicep. 35
Computer approach to the problems of choicep. 40
Psychological approach to the problems of choicep. 42
Mutual influencep. 49
A New Approach to Unstructured Problems of Decision Makingp. 51
Unstructured problems with qualitative variablesp. 51
Features of unstructured problemsp. 53
The role of decision making methodsp. 54
Requirements on the methods of decision makingp. 55
Measurementp. 56
Valid information elicitation for constructing a decision rulep. 68
Valid transformation of verbal informationp. 76
Closed proceduresp. 80
Learning proceduresp. 83
Explanationsp. 84
The new approach and construction of decision methodsp. 84
App. 1p. 85
App. 2p. 90
App. 3p. 94
The Method Zapros-LM for Partial Rank-Ordering of Multiattribute Alternativesp. 97
Main ideas of the method ZAPROS-LMp. 97
Problem formulationp. 105
An approach to the problem solutionp. 106
Elicitation of information on DM's preferencesp. 109
Elimination of intransitivity in DM's responsesp. 112
Implementation of information on the DM's preferencesp. 115
Implementation of obtained information for comparison of real alternativesp. 119
Task modification in case of criteria dependencyp. 125
Illustration of the method ZAPROS-LM using a simple examplep. 128
The evaluation of the procedure's complexity for the decision makerp. 131
The interactive system ZAPROSp. 133
Conclusionp. 143
An Application of the method ZAPROS for RandD evaluationp. 145
The Method Pacom for the Selection of the Best Alternativep. 153
Main ideas of the method PACOM (PAired COMpensation)p. 153
Task formulationp. 160
The general approach to the task solutionp. 161
Procedure for comparison of two alternativesp. 163
Aggregation of information about comparison of pairs of alternativesp. 173
The interactive system PACOMp. 174
Implementation of the method PACOM for the analysis of the gas pipeline route selection problemp. 181
Conclusionp. 187
The Method Orclass for Ordinal Classification of Multiattribute Alternativesp. 189
Main ideas of the method ORCLASS (ORdinal CLASSification)p. 189
The multicriteria classification problem in decision makingp. 196
The task formulationp. 197
An approach to the rational procedure for construction of the complete ordinal classificationp. 201
Detection and elimination of inconsistencies in the decision maker's responsesp. 207
Class boundaries and their implementationp. 212
Behavioral aspects of the ordinal classification taskp. 217
Interactive system ORCLASS and its implementationp. 223
Implementation of the system ORCLASS for evaluation of RandD projects in a medical research institutionp. 230
Conclusionp. 236
Conclusionp. 239
Referencesp. 247
Indexp. 257
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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