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The rise of a party-state in Kenya [electronic resource] : from "Harambee" to "Nyayo!" /
Jennifer A. Widner.
Berkeley : University of California, c1992.
xix, 283 p. : maps ; 24 cm.
0520076249 (alk. paper)
corporate subject
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Berkeley : University of California, c1992.
0520076249 (alk. paper)
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references (p. 257-269) and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1993-05:
This important, interesting case study provides the best analysis to date on how KANU (Kenya African National Union) was transformed from a loose-knit grouping of politicians into a "party-state" dominated by President Moi. The dynamics of Kenyan political life made it difficult to protect "space" for freedom of association, as the unifying slogan "let's pull together" (Harambee!) yielded to the power-based idea "let us follow in the footsteps" (Nyayo!). Widner, one of the best young Africa specialists, updates previous excellent scholarship on Kenya by Henry Bienen, Kenya: The Politics of Participation and Control (CH, Jun'74) and Colin Leys, Underdevelopment in Kenya (CH, Jun'75), among others. Although Widner's study ends prior to the December 1992 elections, it clarifies the nature and consequences of control: greater salience of ethnicity, the role of external pressure in opening the door for multiparty competition, and contrasts with other would-be African party states. Of interest to all serious students of African politics. C. E. Welch; SUNY at Buffalo
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, May 1993
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Long Description
Although Kenya is often considered an African success story, its political climate became increasingly repressive under its second president, Daniel arap Moi. Widner charts the transformation of the Kenya African National Union (KANU) from a weak, loosely organized political party under Jomo Kenyatta into an arm of the president's office, with "watchdog" youth wings and strong surveillance and control functions, under Moi. She suggests that single-party systems have an inherent tendency to become "party-states," or single-party regimes in which the head of state uses the party as a means of control. The speed and extent of these changes depend on the countervailing power of independent interest groups, such as business associations, farmers, or professionals. Widner's study offers important insights into the dynamics of party systems in Africa.
Table of Contents
List of Maps and Tables
List of Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Foreign Terms
Abbreviated Chronology of Events
Creating Political Orderp. 1
Single-Party Dominancep. 4
The Rise of the Party-State in Africap. 8
The Argumentp. 22
The Kenyan Casep. 30
Overviewp. 37
Single-Party Dominance, 1964-1969p. 39
"Civil Society": Class, Ethnicity, and Clientelismp. 41
The Competition for Resourcesp. 47
The Playersp. 51
Political Strategy and KANU as a Catchall Partyp. 56
Harambee and the Basis for Compromisep. 60
Restriction of Oppositionp. 66
The Provincial Administration and the Civil Servicep. 70
Party-Government Relations in Post-Independence Kenyap. 72
The Struggle in the Rift Valley, 1970-1975p. 75
The Source of Competitionp. 77
Organizing an Oppositionp. 84
The Rise of a Populist Coalitionp. 85
Calls for Redistributionp. 88
GEMA and the Bid to Rejuvenate KANUp. 92
The President's Strategyp. 94
The Battle for Political Spacep. 98
Resolutionp. 103
Conclusionsp. 107
The Transition Period, 1976-1980p. 110
GEMA and the Change-the-Constitution Movementp. 112
Ethnic Arithmetic and the Party Elections of 1977p. 118
Distributional Coalitions and the 1979 General Electionp. 125
KANU at the End of the Transition Periodp. 128
From "Harambee!" to "Nyayo!" 1980-1985p. 130
Moi's Accession to the Presidencyp. 133
Faction and the Proscription of Ethnic Welfare Societiesp. 137
The New KANU Monopolyp. 143
The Njonjo Affairp. 147
Nyayo: Following in the Footstepsp. 150
The Party-State in 1985p. 154
Party, State, and Civil Society, 1985-1990p. 162
The Consolidation of Changes in Party-State Relationsp. 164
Changing Patterns of Participationp. 171
"Civil Society" and Opposition Successp. 178
Testing the Limitsp. 195
The Kenyan Party-State in Comparative Perspectivep. 198
The Argument in Reviewp. 199
KANU in Comparative Perspectivep. 204
The Kenyan Holdoutp. 214
Single-Party Rule, "Civil Society," and Patterns of Governancep. 224
Appendix: The Uses of Evidencep. 233
Notesp. 237
Bibliographyp. 257
Indexp. 271
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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