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The unfree professions [electronic resource] : German lawyers, teachers, and engineers, 1900-1950 /
Konrad H. Jarausch.
imprint
New York : Oxford University Press, 1990.
description
xiv, 352 p. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
0195044827
format(s)
Book
More Details
imprint
New York : Oxford University Press, 1990.
isbn
0195044827
restrictions
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
catalogue key
13108933
 
Includes bibliographical references (p. 263-334) and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1991-04:
In a thoroughly documented study Jarausch examines the political and social history of the German legal, teaching, and engineering professions. Applying the Anglo-American construct of the profession to German society, Jarausch modifies it in the light of German experience and finds continuities in professional aspirations, problems, and solutions in the first half of the 20th century. This structuralist work complements studies of the German medical profession in the Third Reich, such as Geoffrey Cocks's Psychotherapy in the Third Reich (CH, May'85) and Michael Kater's Doctors under Hitler (CH, Dec'90). Although the German professionals tended to be liberal (lawyers), conservative-authoritarian (teachers), or apolitical (engineers), alientated minorities among them championed the Nazi cause before the seizure of power. Jarausch uses an impressive array of statistics gleaned from the Berlin Document Center to suggest that pre-1933 Nazi professionals were expressing interest group concerns, such as fear of Jewish competition in law or resentment of women in the work force, as well as ideological affinities. The Gleichschaltung (coordination) of the professionals proceeded more or less voluntarily but the loss of professional independence and the complicity in Nazi crimes outweighed the benefits that the Nazi regime afforded. Strongly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above. -J. R. White, Georgia State University
Reviews
Review Quotes
"An important contribution to the social history of the middle class, to the social history of German politics, and to professionalization theory."--German Studies Review
"An important contribution to the social history of the middle class, tothe social history of German politics, and to professionalizationtheory."--German Studies Review
""In this book as in earlier work, Konrad Jarausch is the master of the pithy summary....This is an innovative book."--German History
""In this book as in earlier work, Konrad Jarausch is the master of thepithy summary....This is an innovative book."--German History
"It is the type of research in which one can picture the researchers becoming passionately interested."--Southern Economic Journal
"It is the type of research in which one can picture the researchersbecoming passionately interested."--Southern Economic Journal
"It is the type of research in which one can picture the researchers becoming passionately interested."--Southern Economic Journal "One of the many merits of Unfree Professions is that it reproduces an astonishing wealth of literary and statistical evidence and, unlike other excellent studies of single twentieth-century professions, consistently and systematically juxtaposes the experiences of three disparate professional groups."--Journal of Modern History "An important contribution to the social history of the middle class, to the social history of German politics, and to professionalization theory."--German Studies Review "It is this comparative approach and the impressive scope of empirical research...that make this study fascinating reading."--History of Education Quarterly ""In this book as in earlier work, Konrad Jarausch is the master of the pithy summary....This is an innovative book."--German History
"It is the type of research in which one can picture the researchers becoming passionately interested."-- Southern Economic Journal "One of the many merits of Unfree Professions is that it reproduces an astonishing wealth of literary and statistical evidence and, unlike other excellent studies of single twentieth-century professions, consistently and systematically juxtaposes the experiences of three disparate professional groups."-- Journal of Modern History "An important contribution to the social history of the middle class, to the social history of German politics, and to professionalization theory."-- German Studies Review "It is this comparative approach and the impressive scope of empirical research...that make this study fascinating reading."-- History of Education Quarterly ""In this book as in earlier work, Konrad Jarausch is the master of the pithy summary....This is an innovative book."-- German History
"It is the type of research in which one can picture the researchers becoming passionately interested."--Southern Economic Journal "One of the many merits ofUnfree Professionsis that it reproduces an astonishing wealth of literary and statistical evidence and, unlike other excellent studies of single twentieth-century professions, consistently and systematically juxtaposes the experiences of three disparate professional groups."--Journal of Modern History "An important contribution to the social history of the middle class, to the social history of German politics, and to professionalization theory."--German Studies Review "It is this comparative approach and the impressive scope of empirical research...that make this study fascinating reading."--History of Education Quarterly ""In this book as in earlier work, Konrad Jarausch is the master of the pithy summary....This is an innovative book."--German History
"It is this comparative approach and the impressive scope of empirical research...that make this study fascinating reading."--History of Education Quarterly
"It is this comparative approach and the impressive scope of empiricalresearch...that make this study fascinating reading."--History of EducationQuarterly
"One of the many merits of Unfree Professions is that it reproduces an astonishing wealth of literary and statistical evidence and, unlike other excellent studies of single twentieth-century professions, consistently and systematically juxtaposes the experiences of three disparate professionalgroups."--Journal of Modern History
"One of the many merits of Unfree Professions is that it reproduces anastonishing wealth of literary and statistical evidence and, unlike otherexcellent studies of single twentieth-century professions, consistently andsystematically juxtaposes the experiences of three disparate professionalgroups."--Journal of Modern History
"Strongly recommended."--Choice
"The author's detailed empirical analysis of three representative professions--lawyers, secondary school teachers, and engineers--from the late Empire to the Early Federal Republic is undergirded by sophisticated sociological theory and comprehensive statistics."--Journal of InterdisciplinaryHistory
"The author's detailed empirical analysis of three representativeprofessions--lawyers, secondary school teachers, and engineers--from the lateEmpire to the Early Federal Republic is undergirded by sophisticatedsociological theory and comprehensive statistics."--Journal of InterdisciplinaryHistory
"The vast array of his sources, complemented with a highly informative set of statistical tables in the appendix, allow him to combine methods of quantitative social history with intellectual history and a narrative approach. The most brilliant achievement of the book is to merge this complexmaterial into a meaningful account of the travails of the German profession in the inter-war years."--European History Quarterly
"The vast array of his sources, complemented with a highly informative setof statistical tables in the appendix, allow him to combine methods ofquantitative social history with intellectual history and a narrative approach.The most brilliant achievement of the book is to merge this complex materialinto a meaningful account of the travails of the German profession in theinter-war years."--European History Quarterly
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, April 1991
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Summaries
Long Description
How could educated professionals have supported the Nazi movement and collaborated with Hitler's inhuman policies? Jarausch examines this fascinating and largely unexplored subject, tracing the social, ideological, and political development of three representative German professions--law, teaching, and engineering--from the late Empire to the early Federal Republic. Based on a reformulated professionalization theory and on authoritative statistics, he describes professional prosperity and prestige in the Second Reich and analyzes the social crisis brought on by hyperinflation, stabilization, and Depression during the chaotic Weimar years. Threatened with the loss of livelihood and frightened by cultural disorientation, many experts embraced neo-conservative ideas and cooperated in Hitler's seizure of power. Welcoming the apparent restoration of their authority in the early Third Reich, professionals collaborated in the racial purges and warping of ethics, practices, and organizations under Nazi rule. During the Second World War, the radicalization of SS terror threatened the very survival of the professions so that most practitioners were only too happy to be rescued by Allied victory. Exploring the reluctant democratization of the post-war professions, Jarausch concludes with a reflection on the lessons of the German experience for the relationship between professionalism and liberty.
Long Description
How could educated professional support Hitler's Nazi movement and the Third Reich? Jarausch examines this fascinating and largely unexplored subject, tracing the social, ideological, and political development of three representative German professions - lawyers, teachers, and engineers - from the late Empire to the end of World War II.
Main Description
How could educated professionals have supported the Nazi movement and collaborated with Hitler's inhuman policies? Jarausch examines this fascinating and largely unexplored subject, tracing the social, ideological, and political development of three representative German professions--law,teaching, and engineering--from the late Empire to the early Federal Republic. Based on a reformulated professionalization theory and on authoritative statistics, he describes professional prosperity and prestige in the Second Reich and analyzes the social crisis brought on by hyperinflation,stabilization, and Depression during the chaotic Weimar years. Threatened with the loss of livelihood and frightened by cultural disorientation, many experts embraced neo-conservative ideas and cooperated in Hitler's seizure of power. Welcoming the apparent restoration of their authority in theearly Third Reich, professionals collaborated in the racial purges and warping of ethics, practices, and organizations under Nazi rule. During the Second World War, the radicalization of SS terror threatened the very survival of the professions so that most practitioners were only too happy to berescued by Allied victory. Exploring the reluctant democratization of the post-war professions, Jarausch concludes with a reflection on the lessons of the German experience for the relationship between professionalism and liberty.
Main Description
This study traces the social, ideological, and political responses of educated professionals in Germany as they supported Hitler's rise to power.
Table of Contents
Prefacep. vii
Abbreviationsp. xiii
Professionalization German Stylep. 3
Professions In Crisisp. 25
Democratizing the Professionsp. 27
Regaining Professional Stabilityp. 54
The Breakdown of Liberal Professionalismp. 78
Professionals As Accomplicesp. 113
The Illusion of Reprofessionalizationp. 115
""""Germanizing"""" the Professionsp. 143
Deprofessionalization in the Third Reichp. 170
Perils of Professionalismp. 201
Statistical Tablesp. 229
A Note On Sourcesp. 257
Notesp. 263
Indexp. 335
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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