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North American genocides : indigenous nations, settler colonialism, and international law /
Laurelyn Whitt, Brandon University, Manitoba, Canada; Alan W. Clarke, Utah Valley University.
Cambridge, United Kingdom : Cambridge University Press, 2019.
xi, 253 pages ; 25 cm
110842550X, 9781108425506
More Details
Cambridge, United Kingdom : Cambridge University Press, 2019.
contents note
Machine generated contents note: Introduction; 1. North American Genocide Denial; 2. The Legal Case for Historical Genocides: A Retrospective Methodology; 3. Settler Colonialism and Indigenous Nations; 4. A Legal Primer for Settler Colonial Genocides; 5. The Beothuk (1500-1830); 6. The Powhatan Tsenacommacah (1607-1677); 7. The Conventional Account of Genocide: From a Restrictive to an Expansive Interpretation; 8. Toward an Account of Systemic Genocide; Appendix A. Secretariat's Draft Convention; Appendix B. Ad Hoc Committee Draft Convention; Appendix C. United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide; Index.
local note
This title is part of the Indigenous Perspectives Collection at the Bora Laskin Law Library.
"That genocides of Indigenous Peoples occurred in North America has long been contested. They have tended to be dismissed with little or no informed scholarly argument - either historical or legal, and forgotten by the dominant society. We use the Conventional account of genocide - presented in the United Nations Genocide Convention and subsequently developed in international fora - to demonstrate that if the events in our case-studies were to occur today they could be prosecuted as genocides. It is our hope that if their occurrence can be demonstrated using this standard, widely-accepted legal definition of genocide, the untenability of such denial will finally be recognized. This dismissal of massive historical trauma and violence has allowed writers of Indigenous history to either avoid the topic altogether in their textbooks, or to mention it only briefly in passing. The result is a public woefully uninformed about the nature of both past and ongoing colonization in this hemisphere, and its impact on Indigenous Nations. We hope to undermine this state of denial about the foundations of North American nation-states, and to encourage the writing of official origin stories which are faithful to the past and which, by being so, can better serve present and future generations. And yet we, along with many others, are deeply dissatisfied with various features of the Conventional account. This is especially true of its failure to take seriously the role of culture in undermining, and destroying, human group viability. Accordingly, we offer a critique of the Conventional account in this regard, based upon the travaux preparatoires (drafting history) of the treaty, as well as on recent international case law and customary international law"--
"When and how might the term genocide appropriately be ascribed to the experience of North American Indigenous Nations under settler colonialism? Laurelyn Whitt and Alan W. Clarke contend that were certain events which occurred during the colonization of North America to take place today they could be prosecuted as genocide. The legal methodology they develop to establish this draws upon the definition of genocide as presented in the United Nations Genocide Convention and enhanced by subsequent decisions in international legal fora. Focusing on early British colonization, they apply this methodology to two historical cases: that of the Beothuk Nation from 1500-1830, and of the Powhatan Tsenacommacah from 1607-1677. North American Genocides concludes with a critique of the Conventional account of genocide, suggesting how it might evolve beyond its limitations to embrace the role of cultural destruction in undermining the viability of human groups"--
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.

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