Catalogue


Modern Chile, 1970-1989 : a critical history /
Mark Falcoff.
imprint
New Brunswick : Transaction Publishers, c1989.
description
xiii, 327 p. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
0887382576
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
New Brunswick : Transaction Publishers, c1989.
isbn
0887382576
catalogue key
1236974
 
Includes bibliographical references.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1990-01:
In all probability more books have been published about Chile since 1973 than in all of the previous years since independence. This is a book about Chile, the Allende years, the violent overthrow by General Pinochet, and much more. Falcoff spent ten years gathering and analyzing material while serving as a fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, the American Enterprise Institute, and the Hoover institution. The result may be the most detailed and authoritative statement yet on US-Chilean relations during those critical years. Falcoff debunks the widely held myth which holds that the CIA inspired the overthrow of the duly elected democratic forces in Chile in 1973. The author impressively details Allende's failure as based upon a governing coalition that was extremely inconsistent while its economic policy was polarizing friends and enemies alike. In the end, even the government turned to the military for stability. Eight of the nine chapters as well as most of the fascinating charts deal with the Allende years (1970--73). Thus, the title is a slight misnomer. Nonetheless, the sections on economic policy, agrarian reform, and the copper question are outstanding enough alone to recommend this well-written book to the serious student of Latin American affairs. The interview with former President Edwardo Frei conducted in Santiago in 1980 and published as an appendix is an added plus. Upper-division undergraduates and above. -R. H. Terry, York College of Pennsylvania
Reviews
Review Quotes
"This is a book about Chile, the Allende years, the violent overthrow by General Pinochet, and much more. Falcoff spent ten years gathering and analyzing material while serving as a fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, the American Enterprise Institute, and the Hoover institution. The result may be the most detailed and authoritative statement yet on US-Chilean relations during those critical years." -R. H. Terry, Choice
"This is a book about Chile, the Allende years, the violent overthrow by General Pinochet, and much more. Falcoff spent ten years gathering and analyzing material while serving as a fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, the American Enterprise Institute, and the Hoover institution. The result may be the most detailed and authoritative statement yet on US-Chilean relations during those critical years." --R. H. Terry, Choice
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, January 1990
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Summaries
Main Description
Few dispute that a major turning point in the history of present-day Chile commenced with the election in 1970 of a Marxist physician, Salvador Allende. What followed were three years that shook South America, if not the world. Land reform, factory expropriation, the politicization of a sector of the armed forces, curriculum reform in education, each in their turn led to a hardening of political fault lines, and created the basis for the overthrow of the Allende regime. This work, by one of the foremost analysts of modern Chile, features an interview with an earlier president of that beleaguered country, Eduardo Frei. In what is likely to be viewed as the most authoritative statement to date on U.S.Chile relationships during this stormy period, Falcoff debunks the myth of a CIA-inspired overthrow of the democratic forces, placing responsibility on Allende's failure to obtain or even seek a decisive electoral mandate, on a governing coalition internally inconsistent and frequently at war with its constituent elements, on an economic policy that polarized supporters and enemies, and ultimately on the need to turn to the military for the stability that its policy failures could not achieve. The final chapter, on the assumption to power and political changes rendered by the present ruler, General Augusto Pinochet Ugarte, indicates that the problems of Chile are not attributable to any single ruler or party. Falcoff indicates that core problems in Chile, from capital formation to the search for diversification, were exemplified in cultural, moral, and spiritual values between the Frei and Allende epochs. The prolonged Pinochet regime, for Falcoff, has postponed settlement of the major issues raised by the democratic era: equality and growth, legality and legitimacy. The costs of democratic order remain for Chileans to confront and resolve.

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