Aegyptiaca Romana [electronic resource] : nilotic scenes and the Roman views of Egypt /
by M.J. Versluys.
Leiden ; Boston : Brill, 2002.
xiv, 509 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
9004124403 (pbk. : alk. paper)
More Details
Leiden ; Boston : Brill, 2002.
9004124403 (pbk. : alk. paper)
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references (p. [478]-489) and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
M. J. Versluys, Ph.D. (2001) in Archaeology, Leiden University, teaches at several Dutch universities. He published on Aegyptiaca and other subjects in various international magazines and is at present heading an international research team at Nemrud Dag (Turkey)
Review Quotes
'Aegyptiaca Romana brings together a large amount of important material […] Versluys has provided not only a convenient repository of Nilotic scenes but also a new perspective on Egypt in Rome.'P.J. Jones, Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2003' Vorbildlich ist die Behutsamkeit, mit der verschiedene Ansätze aus der kulturwissenschaftlichen Debatte zu Identität und Alterität (z.B. Kolonialismus, Orientalismus) zu den Belegen gestellt und auf IhreTragfähigkeit in diesem Zusammenhang untersucht werden. Beeindruckend ist außerdem die Souveränität, mit der die enorme Menge der Belege und der Sekundärliteratur zum Thema der Aegyptiaca gehandhabt wird. Grundsätzlich weiterführend und, wie mir scheint, für einen Teil zumal der jüngeren archäologischen Forschungen durchaus paradigmatisch ist ein Bewußtsein für die geistes- und wissenschaftsgeschichtliche Bedingtheit von Interpretationen und für die Notwendigkeit kontextueller Interpretation archäologischer Funde.'M. Haase, Archiv für Religionsgeschichte. 2003' L'étude de Versluys fait prevue de grandes qualités intellectuelles: un discours prudent, la volonté de resituer un problème dans un cadre beaucoup plus large [..], finesse de l'analyse, volonté de comparatisme avec d'autres époques, large inventaire des Aegyptiaca de Rome, excellente connaissance de la bibliographie. [..] l'effort courageux d'une jeune chercheur qui a pris, à bras le corps, un sujet aussi complexe.' M. Malaise, Chronique d'Égypte, 2003' The great merit of this fascinating book is that wide-ranging and original thinking is constantly informed by the results of sound empirical research. [..] Even a lengthy summary would do no justice to the author's wealth of insights and vividness of thought [..]. Aegyptiaca Romana will certainly become the standard of reference for Nilotic scenes, but it can also serve as an exemplum of how our silent archaeological witnesses can be made to speak in a variety of fresh and captivating discussions.'R.A. Tybout, Journal of Roman Archaeology, 2003' The book is well written, well argued, and the product of deep research. [..] This is a sensitive and intelligent account, full of valuable insights.'J. Elsner, Journal of Roman Studies, 2003' I applaud his thorough catalogue and survey of the study of Aegyptiaca; in this aspect Versluys leaves few stones unturned.'J.R. Clarke, New England Classical Journal, 2004' His aim is to highlight shades of meaning rather than search for an (one) answer. The overall result is a stimulating addition to the subject. [..] Versluys' book is one of the most thought provoking archaeologically. It has the potential to motivate new and exciting forays in this field.'C. Vout, Ancient West & East, 2005' ... précision de vocabulaire, clarté de l'expression, ampleur de réflexion, richesse de la documentation. [..] la somme des connaissances et la richesse de la documentation rendront le livre indispensable à tous les spécialistes de la mosaïque, de la peinture et des rapports de l'Égypte avec Rome.'H. Lavagne, L'Antiquité Classique, 2005' This is not only a very useful book but also a thought provoking one. [..] One hopes his book, with its persuasive insights and promise, will therefore inspire more comprehensive explorations of Roman systems of visual signification.'S.E. Hijmans, Bulletin Antieke Beschaving, 2006
This item was reviewed in:
Reference & Research Book News, February 2003
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Main Description
This archaeological study investigates the meaning of the Egyptian and egyptianising artefacts that have been preserved from the Roman world in different ways.Its point of departure is a detailed study on the so-called Nilotic scenes or Nilotic landscapes. The book presents a comprehensive and illustrated catalogue of the genre that was popular all around the Mediterranean from the Hellenistic period to the Christian era as well as a contextualisation and interpretation.Drawing on the conclusions thus reached the whole group of Aegyptiaca Romana is subsequently studied. Based on a general overview of this material in the Roman world and, moreover, a case-study of the Aegyptiaca from the city of Rome the different meanings of this cultural phenomenon are mapped. Together with other Egyptian deities popular in the Roman world, the goddess Isis plays an important role in this discussion.Aegyptiaca Romana, among them the Nilotic scenes, are part of the reflection of the Roman attitude towards and thoughts on Egypt, Egyptian culture and the East. The concluding part of the book illustrates and tries to explain this Roman discourse on Egypt.
Description for Reader
All those interested in Archaeology, esp. Roman archaeology and theoretical Archaeology, the Roman world, Egyptology & Egypt, Ancient History, Iconography, the city of Rome, the 'life of images', and Orientalism.
Table of Contents
The relations between Rome and Egypt
Political aspectsp. 4
Economic aspectsp. 8
Religious aspectsp. 9
Cultural aspectsp. 13
'Forschungsgeschichte' and present status quaestionis
The character of the 19th and 20th century research traditionp. 15
The great interest in Isis further examinedp. 17
Illustrative points of scholarly discussionp. 22
Nilotic landscapes: unused source material
Definitionp. 28
Status quaestionisp. 28
Set-up and aim of the researchp. 34
Corpus Figurarum Niloticarum
Latiump. 43
Ostiap. 43
Palestrinap. 52
Privernop. 55
Romep. 58
Campaniap. 90
Boscorealep. 90
Herculaneump. 92
Pompeiip. 94
Pozzuolip. 160
Stabiaep. 162
Unknownp. 167
Other provincesp. 171
Samnium (Tivoli)p. 171
Picenum (Ancona)p. 172
Umbria (Collemancio)p. 173
Etruria (Santa Severa)p. 174
Venetia et Histria (Brescia)p. 175
North Africa
Numidiap. 177
Timgadp. 177
Africa Proconsularisp. 178
El Aliap. 178
El Djemp. 181
Soussep. 183
Africa Tripolitaniap. 185
Lepcis Magnap. 185
Uadi ez Zgaiap. 190
Zlitenp. 191
Cyrenaicap. 195
Cyrenep. 195
Qasr-el-Lebiap. 196
Deltap. 197
Tell Robap. 198
Unknownp. 199
European provinces
Hispaniap. 200
Meridap. 200
Italicap. 204
Puente Genilp. 207
Galliap. 209
Lyonp. 209
Mercin et Vauxp. 210
Roches de Condrieup. 211
Villarsp. 212
Villelaurep. 212
Pannoniap. 214
Egyedp. 214
Szekesfehevarp. 215
Illyricump. 216
Permp. 216
Dalmatiap. 216
Salonaep. 216
Graeciap. 217
Kenchreaip. 217
Corinthp. 219
Patrasp. 221
Thebesp. 222
Delosp. 223
Near Eastern provinces
Syriap. 224
Antiochiap. 224
Hamap. 225
Qumnir el-Qublip. 226
Palaestinap. 226
Beth Sheanp. 226
Beit Jibrinp. 227
Et-Tabghap. 228
Haditap. 230
Sepphorisp. 232
Zay al-Gharbyp. 235
Nilotic scenes in the Roman world. Interpretation and contextualisation
Topographical distributionp. 239
Chronological distributionp. 241
Latiump. 242
Campaniap. 242
Other provinces in Italyp. 244
North Africap. 244
Egyptp. 244
European provinciesp. 245
Near Eastern provincesp. 245
Conclusionp. 246
Contextual distributionp. 248
Contextual distribution by topographical areap. 249
Latiump. 249
Campaniap. 249
Other provinces in Italyp. 250
North Africap. 250
Egyptp. 250
European provincesp. 250
Near Eastern provincesp. 250
Conclusionp. 251
Further examination of the contextsp. 251
Nilotic scenes in public buildingsp. 252
Nilotic scenes in houses and villaep. 253
Nilotic scenes in sanctuariesp. 259
Nilotic scenes in funerary contextsp. 260
An inventory of the elements depicted and their meaningp. 261
The landscapep. 262
The floodp. 262
Florap. 263
Faunap. 265
Buildings and means of transportp. 269
Sanctuariesp. 270
Nilometersp. 271
Houses and villaep. 271
Tombsp. 272
Boatsp. 273
The populationp. 274
Egyptiansp. 274
Greeksp. 275
Dwarves and pygmiesp. 275
Othersp. 277
Activitiesp. 278
Ritualsp. 278
The burial of Osirisp. 279
Rituals around the Nile floodp. 279
The hunting of crocodiles and hippopotamip. 280
The flood festivitiesp. 281
Sexual scenes and symplegmatap. 282
Battles with Nilotic faunap. 283
Daily lifep. 284
Nilotic scenes in the Roman world: development and occurrencep. 285
Nilotic scenes in the Roman world: a reconstruction of the functionp. 294
Roman Aegyptiaca
Other Egyptian and egyptianising monuments and artefacts in the Roman worldp. 304
Italyp. 306
Aegyptiaca in pre-Roman Italyp. 307
Religious contextsp. 308
Non-religious contextsp. 313
Synthesisp. 314
North Africap. 316
European provincesp. 317
Near Eastern provincesp. 320
Synthesis and conclusionp. 321
An example further investigated: Romep. 323
Egyptian and egyptianising artefacts in Romep. 325
Introductionp. 325
Status quaestionisp. 329
Region II-IV
The Iseum Metellinum on the Caeliusp. 336
A sanctuary for Isis and Sarapis in region III?p. 338
A sacellum in the Castra Misenatium?p. 344
Eyptian motifs in wall-paintings in the Domus Aureap. 344
Region V
Egyptian motifs in opus sectile in the house of Iunius Bassusp. 345
A lararium near S. Martino ai Montip. 345
A sanctuary for Isis Patricia?p. 346
An egyptianising nymphaeum near S. Eusebiop. 346
The obelisk of the Circus Varianusp. 347
A statue of Cleopatra?p. 347
Region VI
A Serapeum on the Quirinalp. 348
A naophoros in the Castra Praetoriap. 349
Egyptianising furnishings in the horti Sallustianip. 349
Region VII-IX
A temple for Isis Capitolina?p. 350
Egyptian motifs as control-marks on Republican coinsp. 351
Aegyptiaca found near the theatre of Marcellus and the Forum Boariump. 351
The Iseum Campense on the Campus Martiusp. 353
Delta: another egyptianising context on the Campus Martius?p. 356
Egyptianising architectural elements at the mausoleum of Augustusp. 357
The sundial on the Campus Martiusp. 357
The pyramid near Piazza del Popolop. 358
Region X
Egyptianising paintings in the Aula Isiaca and the Casa di Augustop. 358
Egyptianising relief plates decorating the temple of Apollop. 359
An isiac shrine in the Domus Tiberianap. 360
An isiac shrine in the Domus Flaviap. 360
The tomb of Antinous?p. 361
Region XI-XIII
Obelisks in the Circus Maximusp. 362
Egyptianising contexts in region XIIp. 363
An Iseum near S. Sabina?p. 365
Aegyptiaca found in sanctuaries for Jupiter Dolichenus and Mithrasp. 366
The pyramid of Cestiusp. 367
Region XIV and other Aegyptiaca
A relief with Egyptian gods from the Via della Conciliazionep. 368
Egyptianising paintings in the necropolis under S. Pietrop. 369
'In loco detto Egitto'p. 369
A Ptolemaic vase from vigna Bonellip. 370
An 'oriental' sanctuary on the Gianicolop. 370
An obelisk on Tiber islandp. 371
Aegyptiaca found in the Tiberp. 371
Aegyptiaca extra murosp. 372
Aegyptiaca from Rome from unknown contextp. 373
Conclusionp. 374
Aegyptiaca Romana: the meanings of a cultural phenomenonp. 376
The Roman discourse on Egypt reconstructed
Imagining the Other: a theoretical frameworkp. 389
The European perception of the Americas after 1492p. 390
Europe and the non-European Otherp. 395
The European imagination of Egypt from the Middle Ages onwardsp. 397
Egyptomaniap. 399
Orientalismp. 401
The French depiction of Africa at the end of the 19th centuryp. 404
The cultures of colonial projectsp. 404
The European colonisation of Egyptp. 407
Persisting mythsp. 409
Modern America in European eyes: a look into the future?p. 411
Conclusionp. 412
Rome and the Other: general aspectsp. 413
Romans and Germans: Tacitus' Germaniap. 413
Romans and Greeksp. 415
Romans and Blacksp. 417
Foreigners in Romep. 420
The Roman image of Egyptp. 422
Roman literary sources concerning Egypt, Egyptians and the Egyptian presence in the Roman worldp. 423
From the third century BC onwards to Catullusp. 426
Poets around Octavianp. 429
The first centuries ADp. 431
Conclusionp. 433
Other Roman sources in relation to the discourse on Egypt and Egyptian culturep. 435
Concluding remarks and conclusionsp. 436
Tablesp. 447
Appendixp. 451
Bibliographyp. 478
List of figuresp. 491
Indicesp. 497
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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