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Foreign policy as nation making : Turkey and Egypt in the Cold War /
Reem Abou-El-Fadl.
Cambridge, United Kingdom ; New York, NY, USA : Cambridge University Press, 2019.
x, 373 pages ; 24 cm.
1108475043, 9781108475044
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Cambridge, United Kingdom ; New York, NY, USA : Cambridge University Press, 2019.
contents note
Empire and nationalism in Turkey and Egypt: 1839-1950 -- The democrats in opposition : imagining a 'little America' -- The free officers in opposition : imagining revolution -- Turkey's accession to NATO, 1950-52 : members of the 'free world' -- Neutralism and pan-Arabism in Egypt, 1952-54 : securing sovereignty -- Turkey and the Baghdad Pact, 1955 : 'freeing' the Middle East -- Egypt from the Baghdad Pact to Czech arms, 1955 : shielding sovereignty -- Turkey and the Syrian crisis, 1957 : linking spheres -- Egypt from Suez to Syrian Union, 1956-58 : sovereign action -- Comparative conclusions.
After the Second World War, Turkey and Egypt were among the most dynamic actors in the Middle East. Their 1950s foreign policies presented a puzzle, however: Turkey's Democrat Party pursued NATO membership and sponsored the pro-Western Baghdad Pact regionally, while Egypt's Free Officers promoted neutralism and pan-Arab alliances. This book asks why: what explains this divergence in a shared historical space? Rethinking foreign policy as an important site for the realisation of nationalist commitments, Abou-El-Fadl finds the answer in the contrasting nation making projects pursued by the two leaderships, each politicised differently through experiences of war, imperialism and underdevelopment. Drawing on untapped Turkish and Arabic sources, and critically engaging with theories of postcolonial nationalism, she emphasises local actors' agency in striving to secure national belonging, sovereignty and progress in the international field. Her analysis sheds light on the contemporary legacies of the decade which cemented Turkey's position in the Western bloc and Egypt's reputation as Arab leader.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.

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