Man and nature [electronic resource] /
by George Perkins Marsh ; edited by David Lowenthal.
Cambridge : Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1965.
xxix, 472 p.
0674544528 (pbk.), 9780674544529
More Details
added author
Cambridge : Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1965.
0674544528 (pbk.)
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
general note
"The the first edition, as published in New York by Charles Scribner in 1864."
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical footnotes.
A Look Inside
Review Quotes
First published in 1864, this cautionary exploration of how civilizations decline when they degrade the natural world is the wellspring of the environmental movement.
This classic of conservation, Man and Nature, is a remarkable work. Written more than 100 years ago, it remains as rich and suggestive now as it must have been astonishing then...The editor has written an excellent and meticulously balanced foreword...It should be added that the labor of Lowenthal in correcting, amplifying, and annotating the original creation of Marsh is beyond cavil.
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Main Description
George Perkins Marsh's Man and Nature was the first book to attack the American myth of the superabundance and the inexhaustibility of the earth. It was, as Lewis Mumford said, "the fountainhead of the conservation movement," and few books since have had such an influence on the way men view and use land. "It is worth reading after a hundred years," Mr. Lowenthal points out, "not only because it taught important lessons in its day, but also because it still teaches them so well...Historical insight and contemporary passion make Man and Nature an enduring classic."
Table of Contents
A Note on the Text
Man and Nature
Natural Advantages of the Territory of the Roman Empire Physical Decay of that
Territory and of other parts of the Old World Causes of the Decay
New School of Geographers Reaction of Man upon Nature
Observation of Nature Comical and Geological
Influences Geographical Influence of Man Uncertainty of our Meteorological Knowledge
Mechanical Effects produced by Man on the surface of the Earth
Importance and Possibility of Physical Restoration Stability of Nature
Restoration of Disturbed Harmonies Destructiveness of Man Human and Brute
Action Compared Physical Improvement Arrest of Physical Decay of
New Countries Forms and Formations most liable to Physical
Degradation Physical Decay of New Countries
Corrupt Influence of Private Corporations
Transfer, Modification, and Extirpation of Vegetable and of Animal Species
Modern Geography embraces Organic Life Transfer of Vegetable Life Foreign Plants grown in the United States American Plants grown in Europe Modes of Introduction of Foreign Plants Vegetables, how affected by transfer to Foreign Soils
Extirpation of Vegetables Origin of Domestic Plants
Organic Life as a Geological and Geographical Agency
Number of Quadrupeds in the United States Origin and Transfer of Domestic
Quadrupeds Extirpation of Quadrupeds
Numbers of Birds in the United States Birds as Sowers and Consumers of Seeds, and as Destroyers of Insects Diminution and Extirpation of Birds
Introduction of Birds Utility of Insects and Worms
Introduction of Insects Destruction of Insects Reptiles Destruction of Fish
Introduction and Breeding of Fish Extirpation of Aquatic Animals Minute Organisms
The Woods
The Habitable Earth originally Wooded
The Forest does not furnish Food for Man First Removal of the Woods Effects of Fire on Forest Soil Effects of the Destruction of the Forest Electrical
Influence of Trees Chemical Influence of the Forest
Influence of the Forest, considered as Inorganic Matter, on Temperature
a, Absorbing and Emitting Surface
b, Trees as Conductors of Heat
c, Trees in Summer and in Winter
d, Dead Products of Trees
e, Trees as a Shelter to Grounds to the leeward of them
f, Trees as a Protection against Malaria The Forest, as Inorganic Matter, tends to mitigate extremes
Trees as Organisms: Specific Heat Total Influence of the Forest on Temperature Influence of Forests on the Humidity of the Air and the Earth
a, as Inorganic Matter
b, as Organic-Wood Mosses and Fungi-Flow of Sap-Absorption and Exhalation of Moisture by Trees Balance of Conflicting Influences
Influence of the Forest on Temperature and Precipitation
Influence of the Forest on the Humidity of the Soil Its
Influence on the Flow of Springs The Forest in Winter General Consequences of the Destruction of the Forest Condition of the Forest, and its Literature in different Countries
The Influence of the Forest on Inundations Destructive Action of Torrents
Transporting Power of Rivers
The Po and its Deposits Mountain Slides Protection against the Fall of Rocks and Avalanches by Trees Principal Causes of the Destruction of the Forest American
Forest Trees Special Causes of the Destruction of European Woods Royal Forests and Game Laws Small Forest Plants, and Vitality of Seeds Utility of the Forest
The Fo
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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