Massacre at the Yuma Crossing Spanish relations with the Quechans, 1779-1782 /
Mark Santiago.
Tucson : University of Arizona Press, c1998.
1 online resource
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Tucson : University of Arizona Press, c1998.
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
contents note
Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Wayfarers and rivalries -- The gate unlocked -- The Gospel on the river -- Hopes and promises -- Voices crying in the wilderness -- The knightÃūs gamble -- The respectable union -- The fury of the Yumas -- Ransom and retribution -- Fire and blood -- Epilogue: The shadow of death.
catalogue key
Edward E. Ayer Collection, Newberry Library
Electronic reproduction. Marlborough, England : Adam Matthew Digital, c2013 (American Indian histories and cultures)
Includes bibliographical references (p. 207-210) and index.
A Look Inside
Review Quotes
"The story has been told before, but never with such focus. . . . Utilizing all available primary and secondary sources, he crafts a straightforward, fast-moving chronicle that contains the requisite historical context but does not wander." -- Catholic Historical Review "He has told his story with a sense for the human drama of this ultimately violent encounter." -- New Mexico Historical Review
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Main Description
"The quiet of the dawn was rent by the screams of war. Scores, perhaps hundreds, of Quechan and Mohave warriors leaped from concealment, rushing the plaza from all sides. Painted for battle and brandishing lances, bows, and war clubs, the Indians killed every Spaniard they could catch." The route from the Spanish presidial settlements in upper Sonora to the Colorado River was called the Camino del Diablo, the "Road of the Devil." Running through the harshest of deserts, this route was the only way for the Spanish to transport goods overland to their settlements in California. At the end of the route lay the only passable part of the lower Colorado, and the people who lived around the river, the Yumas or Quechans, initially joined into a peaceful union with the Spanish. When the relationship soured and the Yumas revolted in 1781, it essentially ended Spanish settlement in the area, dashed the dreams of the mission builders, and limited Spanish expansion into California and beyond. In Massacre at the Yuma Crossing , Mark Santiago introduces us to the important and colorful actors involved in the dramatic revolt of 1781: Padre Francisco Garces, who discovered a path from Sonora to California, made contact with the Yumas and eventually became their priest; Salvador Palma, the informal leader of the Yuman people, whose decision to negotiate with the Spanish earned him a reputation as a peacebuilder in the region, which eventually caused his downfall; and Teodoro de Croix, the Spanish commandant-general, who, breaking with traditional settlement practice, established two pueblos among the Quechans without an adequate garrison or mission, thereby leaving the settlers without any sort of defense when the revolt finally took place. Massacre at the Yuma Crossing not only tells the story of the Yuma Massacre with new details but also gives the reader an understanding of the pressing questions debated in the Spanish Empire at the time: What was the efficacy of the presidios? How extensive should the power of the Catholic mission priests be? And what would be the future of Spain in North America?
Unpaid Annotation
Discusses the events leading up to the massacre.
Table of Contents
List of Maps
Wayfarers and Rivalries: First Contacts between the Spaniards and the Quechans, 1540 to 1771p. 3
The Gate Unlocked: Opening the Road to California, August 1771 to May 1774p. 16
The Gospel on the River: Franciscans Preach to the Quechans, 1775 to 1776p. 30
Hopes and Promises: Spanish Plans to Settle at Yuma, 1776 to 1777p. 39
Voices Crying in the Wilderness: The First Mission to the Quechans, 1778 to 1779p. 55
The Knight's Gamble: Two Military Colonies Are Established at Yuma, 1779 to 1780p. 76
The Respectable Union: The Spanish Settlement, December 1780 to June 1781p. 92
The Fury of the Yumas: The Settlements Destroyed, July 1781p. 112
Ransom and Retribution: Spanish Rescue Operations, August to December 1781p. 127
Fire and Blood: The Spanish Punitive Expedition, February 1782 to January 1783p. 147
Epilogue: The Shadow of Death, 1784 to 1796p. 167
Notesp. 177
Bibliographyp. 207
Indexp. 211
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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