Here begynneth the prohemye vpon the reducynge, both out of latyn as of frensshe in to our englyssh tongue, of the polytyque book named Tullius de senectute ...
Cicero, Marcus Tullius, author
[Westminster] : Enprynted by ... William Caxton, 1481.
240 unnumbered pages.
More Details
[Westminster] : Enprynted by ... William Caxton, 1481.
Duff 103
GW 6992
Goff C-627
Needham, P. Printer & the pardoner, Cx 45
STC (2nd ed.) 5293
contents note
De senectute -- De amicitia -- De vera nobilitate.
general note
Colophon to "De vera nobilitate" (leaf f8v, 5th group): Explicit per Caxton.
English translations variously attributed to Sir John Tiptoft, Earl of Worcester, Stephen Scrope, and William Worcester.
Imprint information from colophon to "De senectute" (leaf i3): Thus endeth the boke of Tulle of olde age translated out of latyn in to frenshe by laurence de primo facto at the commaundement of the noble prynce Lowys Duc of Burbon, and enprynted by me symple persone William Caxton in to Englysshe at the playsir solace and reuerence of men growyng in to olde age the xii day of August the yere of our lord M.CCCC.lxxxi.
Signatures: 1⁶, a⁶, b-h⁸, i⁴, a-f⁸.
The first edition in English of any of the Latin or Greek classics, with the first edition in English of any humanist text.
Title from incipit.
Typeset in ornate batarde, Caxton's type 2* (an amended version of his type 2). Quotations and proper names are in Caxton's type 3. "When Caxton left Bruges he had already made the punches and matrices of type 2, and he left his first type in Bruges with his partner Colard Mansion. Type 2 is therefore the first type used in England, and it was used in the majority of books printed up to the end of 1478. It was then re-cast and some fresh letters made, and the new type was in use from the beginning of 1479 until about 1484. Type 3 is a larger square type, and was cut, as the abbreviations show, especially for printing books in Latin. It was used by Caxton for the service books issued by him about the years 1477-1480, and after this it is found used for headline, or, as in the present book, for quotations and proper names." Cf. E. Duff, "Caxton's Tully of Old Age and Friendship" (1912), p. 14.
local note
Fisher stc copy: Rubricated in a contemporary hand, with capitals and paragraph-marks in red. Bound by Bernard Middleton (circa 1978) in brown morocco in a contemporary style; elaborately tooled in blind with clasps; earlier red edges. With the inscription signed "per me Thomas Shupton" in a 16th-century hand. With the bookstamp of Sion College, London on the versos of the 1st and last printed leaves. With the arms of Sion College, London excised from an earlier 19th-century leather binding, and mounted on pastedown at front. With the ex libris bookplate of Roberto Salinas Price.
catalogue key
Previously owned by Sir Robert Coke (1587-1683). Coke's library was inherited by George Berkeley First Earl of Berkeley (1628-1698), who bequeathed the book to Sion College in 1689. Sion College auctioned the volume in the Sotheby's sale of 13 June 1977, where it was sold to Laurence Witten. The book was purchased from Witten by Roberto Salinas Praice in 1980.
Purchase; Nicholas Marlowe; 2018; RB336617.

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