Catalogue


Theology and society in the second and third centuries of the Hijra : a history of religious thought in Early Islam /
by Josef van Ess ; translated from German by John O'Kane.
imprint
Leiden ; Boston : Brill, [2017]-<2018>
description
v. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
9004323171, 9004342036, 9789004323179, 9789004342033
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Leiden ; Boston : Brill, [2017]-<2018>
isbn
9004323171
9004342036
9789004323179
9789004342033
standard identifier
40026704631
contents note
Pt. A. Prelude : Characteristics of Islamic Religiosity in the 1st Century -- 1. Setting the Seal on Prophecy -- 2. The Awareness of Being Chosen and Identity Formation -- 2.1. Symbols of Islamic Identity in the Caliphate of 'Abd al-Malik -- 2.2. Early Evidence in the Literary Tradition -- 3. Community and Individual -- 3.1. Faith and the Promise of Paradise -- 3.2. Consciousness of Sin and Individual Responsibility -- 3.3. Divine Grace and Predestination -- 4. Specific Religious Developments around the Turn of the 2nd Century -- 4.1. The Image of the Prophet -- 4.2. The Koran -- 5. The Spread of the Faith -- 5.1. The Literary Instruments for Conveying the Faith -- 5.1.1. The Creation of Dialectical Theology -- 5.1.2. The Prospect -- pt. B The Islamic Provinces in the 2nd Century Introductory Remark on Methodology -- 1. Syria -- 1.0. General Basic Features -- 1.1. The Relationship with the Shī'a -- 1.2. The Qadariyya -- 1.2.1. The Question of Origin -- 1.2.2. Ghaylān al-Dimashqī and His Environment -- 1.2.3. Ghaylān's Aftereffect -- 1.2.4. Yazīd III's Putsch -- 1.2.4.1. Yazid III's Accession Sermon -- 1.2.4.2. Further Developments up to the Time of Marwān II -- 1.2.5. The Qadarites under Yazīd III -- 1.2.5.1. Damascus -- 1.2.5.2. Qadarites from Palestine -- 1.2.5.3. Qadarites from Ḥimṣ -- 1.2.6. Later Qadarites -- 1.2.7. General Conclusions -- 1.2.8. The Further Iraqi Development of Ghaylān's Doctrine -- 1.2.8.1. The Epistles of Ghaylān and the Ghaylān Legend -- 1.2.9. ʻUmar II and the Qadariyya -- 1.3. A Case of Heresy -- 1.4. Syrian Murji'ites -- 1.4.1. "Jahmites" -- 1.5. From Asceticism to Mysticism -- 2. Iraq -- 2.0. Preliminary General Remarks -- 2.1. Kūfa -- 2.1.1. The Murji'a -- 2.1.1.1. The Oldest Representatives of the Murji'a in Kūfa -- 2.1.1.2. The Delegation to ʻUmar II -- 2.1.1.3. Two Murji'ite Poems -- 2.1.1.4. The Polemic Against the Murji'a in the Sīrat Sālim b. Dhakwan -- 2.1.1.5. The K. al-Irjā' -- 2.1.1.6. The Spectrum of the Murji'a up to 150 Hijrī -- 2.1.1.7. The Circle of Abū Hanīfa -- 2.1.1.7.1. The Precursors -- 2.1.1.7.2. On the Life and Aftereffects of ʻAbū Hanīfa -- 2.1.1.7.3. Abū Hanīfa's Theological Views -- 2.1.1.7-3-1. The Letter to 'Uthmān al-Battī -- 2.1.1.7.3.1.1. Comparison with Other Early Hanafite Writings -- 2.1.1.7.3.2. A Second Letter to 'Uthmān al-Battī -- 2.1.1.7.3.3. The So-Called Fiqh akbar (I) -- 2.1.1.7.3.4. The Image of God. The Political Theory -- 2.1.1.7.4. Contemporaries of Abū Hanīfa -- 2.1.1.8. The Kūfan Murji'a after Abū Hanīfa -- 2.1.1.9. The Reform of Ghassan b. Abān -- 2.1.2. Anti-Murji'ite Currents in Kūfa -- 2.1.2.1. Sufyān al-Thawrī -- 2.1.2.2. Ṣūfis -- 2.1.2.3. Qadarites -- 2.1.3. The Shī'a -- 2.1.3.1. "Shī'itizing" Traditionists -- 2.1.3.2. The Zaydiyya -- 2.1.3.2.1. The Butriyya -- 2.1.3.2.1.1. The "Weak" Zaydīs -- 2.1.3.2.2. The Jārūdiyya -- 2.1.3.2.2.1. The Shaping of Jārūdite Thought -- 2.1.3.2.2.2. The Later Development -- 2.1.3.2.3. Early Zaydī Splinter Groups -- 2.1.3.2.3.1. The Kāmiliyya -- 2.1.3.3. The Rawāfid -- 2.1.3.3.1. Quietism and Communal Spirit -- 2.1.3.3.2. The Imam as Omniscient Leader -- 2.1.3.3.3. The Return (raj'a) -- 2.1.3.3.3.1. The Idea of raj'a Among the Early Zaydīs -- 2.1.3.3.3.2. Adherents of raj'a Among the Shī'ite Authorities of the 1st Century -- 2.1.3.3.3.3. Early Shī'ite Tafsīr as a Possible Purveyor of the Idea of raj'a -- 2.1.3.3.3.4. The Decline of the Kaysāniyya -- 2.1.3.3.3.5. The Change of the Idea of raj'a in the Imāmiyya -- 2.1.3.3.4. Rejection of the First Two Caliphs -- 2.1.3.3.5. Maintaining Secrecy (taqiyya) -- 2.1.3.3.6. God Changing His Mind (badā') -- 2.1.3.3.7. Rāfiḍite Theological Schools -- 2.1.3.3.7.1. The Beginnings -- 2.1.3.3.7.1.1. Fro-Murji'ite Groups -- 2.1.3.3.7.1.2. Zurāra b. A'yan and His Circle -- 2.1.3.3.7.1.3. The Discussion About God's Image -- 2.1.3.3.7.2. The Next Generation -- 2.1.3.3.7.2.1. Shayṭān al-Ṭāq and Hishām al-Jawālīqī -- 2.1.3.3.7.2.2. Hishām b. al-Ḥakam -- 2.1.3.3.7.2.2.1. "Ontology" -- 2.1.3.3.7.2.2.2. The Concept of God -- 2.1.3.3.7.2.2.3. Natural-Scientific Questions -- 2.1.3.3.7.2.2.4. The Theory of Perception -- 2.1.3.3.7.2.2.5. Human Action -- 2.1.3.3.7.2.2.6. The Divine Attributes -- 2.1.3.3.7.2.2.7. The Koran and Prophecy -- 2.1.3.3.7.2.2.8. `Iṣma and naṣṣ -- 2.1.3.3.7.2.2.8.1. Excursus. Means of Legitimation within the Shī'a -- 2.1.3.3.7.2.2.9. Raj'a -- 2.1.3.3.7.2.3. ʻAlī b. Ri'āb (?) -- 2.1.3.3.7.3. The Succession to the Big Theologians -- 2.1.3.3.7.3.1. The School of Hishām i al-Jawālīqi -- 2.1.3.3.7.3.2. The School of Hishām b. al-Ḥakam -- 2.1.3.3.7.3.3. The Prospect -- 2.1.3.3.8. General Conclusions -- 2.1.3.3.8.1. Rāfiḍite Theology and Its Milieu. Stoic and Jewish Influences -- 2.1.4. The Khārijites -- 2.1.4.1. The Ibāḍite Community in Kufa -- 2.1.4.2. 'Isā b. 'Umayr -- 2.1.5. "The Heretics" -- 2.1.5.1. The Term zindīq -- 2.1.5.2. Manicheanism in the Early Islamic Period -- 2.1.5.3. Zandaqa as a Social and Religious Phenomenon -- 2.1.5.4. The Dayṣāniyya -- 2.1.5.5. The Marcionites -- 2.1.5.6. The Kantaeans -- 2.1.5.7. Excursus: Mazdakites in the Islamic World -- 2.1.5.8. Zandaqa in Kūfa -- 2.1.5.8.1. Cosmology and Natural Philosophy -- 2.1.5.8.2. Polite Society -- 2.1.5.8.3. Arguing with the zanādiqa According to Imāmite Sources -- 2.1.5.8.4. The Role of the zanādiqa in the Later Umayyad Period.
general note
Translated from the German.
V. 3 translated by Gwendolin Goldbloom.
abstract
Theology and Society is the most comprehensive study of Islamic intellectual and religious history, focusing on Muslim theology. With its emphasis on the eighth and ninth centuries CE, it remains the most detailed prosopographical study of the early phase of the formation of Islam. Originally published in German between 1991 and 1995, Theology and Society is a monument of scholarship and a unique scholarly enterprise which has stood the test of time as an unparalleled reference work.
catalogue key
10962295
 
Includes bibliographical references.

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