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Who cares? [electronic resource] : women's work, childcare, and welfare state redesign /
Jane Jenson and Mariette Sineau ; with Franca Bimbi ... [et al.].
Toronto : University of Toronto Press, c2001.
viii, 289 p. ; 24 cm.
More Details
added author
Toronto : University of Toronto Press, c2001.
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references: p. [267]-289.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Franca Bimbi is Professor of Sociology, University of Padua, Italy. Anne-Marie Daune-Richard is a researcher in CNRS (Conseil national de recherche scientifique) and a member of LEST (Laboratoire d'Economie et de Sociologie du Travail) in Aix-en-Provence, France. Vincent Della Sala is Professor of Political Science, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada. Jane Jenson is Professor of Political Science, Universite de Montreal, Canada, and Director of the Family Network, Canadian Policy Research Networks, Inc., Ottawa, Canada. Rianne Mahon is Professor of Public Administration and of Sociology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada. Berengere Marques-Pereira is Professor of Political Science and Director of Research in the Institut de Sociologie, Universite libre de Bruxelles, Belgium. Olivier Paye teaches political science at the Universite libre de Bruxelles, Belgium. George Ross is Professor of Political Science and of Sociology, Brandeis University, Waltham, Mass., U.S.A., and Senior Associate, Center for European Studies, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A. Mariette Sineau is Director of Research in CNRS (Conseil national de recherche scientifique) and a member of CEVIPOF (Centre d'etude de la vie politique francaise), Fondation nationale des sciences politiques, Paris, France.
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2002-01-01:
Jenson, Sineau, and their colleagues provide an interesting and detailed examination of the child care policies of Belgium, France, Italy, and Sweden. Their book details the labor force experiences and childbearing practices of women in each of these countries, what the countries' child care policies look like, and the particular social and demographic concerns regarding maternal employment and child care that each country faces. The details in each chapter are rich, the explanations clear, and the data generally current. The chapters that specifically compare the policies of the four countries and later suggest improvements tie the main themes of the book together well. For American readers, this is an excellent complement to any analysis of child care in the US. The differences between welfare state and capitalist approaches are informative and instrumental to any discussion of child care reformation in this country. General readers and upper-division undergraduate collections and above. L. Wolfer University of Scranton
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, January 2002
Books in Canada, September 2002
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Main Description
By focusing on childcare and systematically comparing national experiences in Belgium, France, Italy, Sweden, and the European Union, Who Cares'provides detailed information on recent social policies and a clear perspective on welfare state redesign. Many countries have now designed childcare policies to reconcile family and work. Some encourage parents to provide their own childcare by granting parental leave; others encourage parents to stay at work by supporting childcare services. Using the case of childcare policy, the contributors to this volume examine how public policy choices over the last three decades have been fashioned by specific understandings of the gendered division of labour. The authors of the country studies analyse specific childcare strategies and place them within the larger context of state approaches to women's roles. They argue that an examination of the direction and the form of social spending, in this period when such spending is under attack, contributes to our understanding of new principles of citizenship as they have been developed and articulated by governments. Who Cares'highlights the connection between childcare and employment, and makes a significant contribution to the literature on citizenship and women's work.
Unpaid Annotation
Since 1997 Quebec has offered licensed child care services for 5 dollars per day to its entire population. British Columbia has begun its own program of universal subsidization of licensed child care services for five & six year old children. With this in mind, & the belief that Canadian governments & the public are ready to contemplate making a major investment in improving child care services, Gordon Cleveland & Michael Krashinsky have assembled many of the key experts & activists in the area of Canadian child care policy, & asked them to consider a number of crucial questions. Our Children's Future makes an important contribution to understanding how Canada, with its particular institutions, history, politics & values, should design a national child care strategy. Presenting a healthy & vigorous debate among child care experts, policy analysts & key policy makers this book attempts to answer how we are to make the transition to a future with substantially more public involvement in child care & offers suggestions as to what that child care system should look like.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgmentsp. ix
The Care Dimension in Welfare State Redesignp. 3
Welfare States and Carep. 6
Care and Citizenship Regimesp. 8
Childcare and Public Policyp. 12
New Contexts, New Policiesp. 19
A New Demographic and Sociological Contextp. 20
The Baby Boom Endsp. 21
The End of Full Employmentp. 23
Yet Women Are Staying in the Labour Forcep. 25
New Patterns of Employmentp. 29
Employment Policy: Confronting 'Flexibility' and Unemploymentp. 33
Moving towards Flexibilityp. 34
The Struggle against Unemploymentp. 35
Family Policies Caught up in Welfare State Redesignp. 37
Changing Institutions: Decentralizing the State and Offloading to the Marketp. 41
Belgium: Moving towards Federalismp. 42
Italy: Regions Take Their Placep. 45
French Jacobinism Adaptsp. 47
Sweden Decentralizesp. 49
The European Union Arrivesp. 52
Belgium: The Vices and Virtues of Pragmatismp. 56
Egalitarian Citizenship at the Height of the Welfare Statep. 59
The Difficult Birth of the FESCp. 62
The Aborted Child-Rearing Allowancep. 65
The Egalitarian Model Tested by the Economic Crisisp. 70
Tax Reform and Childcarep. 72
The Impact of Employment Policies on Childcarep. 76
Towards a Frontal Assault on the Egalitarian Model?p. 82
France: Reconciling Republican Equality with 'Freedom of Choice'p. 88
Upheaval and Crisis: Modernity and Ambivalence in the Giscardian Yearsp. 90
Modernity and the Politics of Childcarep. 90
Ambivalencep. 91
The Direction of Change Is Set: The 1977 Parental Leavep. 93
The Crisis Continues: The Invention of New Servicesp. 94
Support for Day Nurseries: The Weak Link in the Chainp. 95
Individualized and Targeted Solutionsp. 97
Parental Leave: The Labour Code Becomes Family Orientedp. 98
The Parental Child-Rearing Allowance of 1984 and 1986: Paying Mothers to Carep. 98
Save Some Time, Employ Someone: Two Subsidies for Hiring a Childminderp. 101
Part-Time Workp. 104
The 1994 Reformp. 105
Freedom of Choice versus Republican Equality?p. 106
The Presidents of the Republicp. 107
Governments and Parliamentsp. 111
Italy: Policy without Participationp. 118
The Long Arm of the Post-War Constitutional Compromisep. 120
Signs of Movement in the 1960sp. 126
The Missed Revolution? The 1970sp. 129
Political and Financial Crises in the 1990sp. 138
Sweden: Models in Crisisp. 146
The Modern Mother-Housewife in the 'Small World' of the People's Homep. 147
The 'Right to Be Human:' Towards the Egalitarian Model, 1960-1980p. 149
The Swedish Model(s) in Crisis?p. 159
The Egalitarian Model at the End of the Twentieth Century: Only a Parenthesis?p. 166
Europe: An Actor without a Rolep. 177
The Beginnings of Europe's Rolep. 179
Reconciliation and Its Declensionsp. 183
The Delors Commissions: Social and Family Policyp. 188
Family Policyp. 188
The Social Charterp. 190
Nested Narratives, Multiple Motivesp. 194
Parental Leave: Detouring to Family Policy through the Maastricht Social Protocolp. 198
From Social Dialogue to Parental Leavep. 198
Concluding?p. 203
Comparing Childcare Programs: Commonalities Amid Varietyp. 214
Work and Family: A Variety of Policy Mixesp. 214
Publicly Financed and Provided Services for Young Childrenp. 217
Use and Access to Servicesp. 218
A Variety of Structuresp. 219
Cost and Financingp. 223
General Trendsp. 225
Privately Provided Childcarep. 226
Privately Purchased Childcarep. 228
Parental Leavesp. 230
Cared for by Mothersp. 235
Citizenship in the Era of Welfare State Redesignp. 240
Post-War Citizenship Regimes and Ideas about Women's Workp. 242
The Post-War Dream: Children at Home with their Mothersp. 243
Another Value Arrives: Gender Equalityp. 246
Childcare Choices in the New Conditionsp. 249
Women's Work: New or Recycled Representations?p. 250
Common Patterns of Movement in Childcare Programsp. 254
Citizenship Rights in New Timesp. 259
Bibliographyp. 267
Contributorsp. 291
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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