Catalogue


The human microbiome, diet, and health : workshop summary /
Leslie Pray, Laura Pillsbury, and Emily Tomayko, rapporteurs ; Food Forum, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.
imprint
Washington, DC : National Academies Press, c2013.
description
xiii, 181 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 23 cm.
ISBN
0309265851, 9780309265850
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Washington, DC : National Academies Press, c2013.
isbn
0309265851
9780309265850
contents note
Introduction -- Study of the human microbiome -- Interaction between the microbiome and health and environment -- Influence of the microbiome on the metabolism of diet and dietary components -- Influence of diet and dietary components on the microbiome -- Societal and policy implications -- Possibilities for the future.
abstract
"The Food Forum convened a public workshop on February 22-23, 2012, to explore current and emerging knowledge of the human microbiome, its role in human health, its interaction with the diet, and the translation of new research findings into tools and products that improve the nutritional quality of the food supply. The Human Microbiome, Diet, and Health: Workshop Summary summarizes the presentations and discussions that took place during the workshop. Over the two day workshop, several themes covered included: 1) The microbiome is integral to human physiology, health, and disease; 2) The microbiome is arguably the most intimate connection that humans have with their external environment, mostly through diet; 3) Given the emerging nature of research on the microbiome, some important methodology issues might still have to be resolved with respect to undersampling and a lack of causal and mechanistic studies; 4) Dietary interventions intended to have an impact on host biology via their impact on the microbiome are being developed, and the market for these products is seeing tremendous success. However, the current regulatory framework poses challenges to industry interest and investment"--Publisher's description.
catalogue key
10372674
 
Also issued online.
Includes bibliographical references.
A Look Inside
Summaries
Description for Bookstore
The Food Forum convened a public workshop on February 22-23, 2012, to explore current and emerging knowledge of the human microbiome, its role in human health, its interaction with the diet, and the translation of new research findings into tools and products that improve the nutritional quality of the food supply. The Human Microbiome, Diet, and Health: Workshop Summarysummarizes the presentations and discussions that took place during the workshop. Over the two day workshop, several themes covered included: The microbiome is integral to human physiology, health, and disease. The microbiome is arguably the most intimate connection that humans have with their external environment, mostly through diet. Given the emerging nature of research on the microbiome, some important methodology issues might still have to be resolved with respect to undersampling and a lack of casual and mechanistic studies. Dietary interventions intended to have an impact on host biology via their impact on the microbiome are being developed, and the market for these products is seeing tremendous success. However, the current regulatory framework poses challenges to industry interest and investment.
Long Description
The Food Forum convened a public workshop on February 22-23, 2012, to explore current and emerging knowledge of the human microbiome, its role in human health, its interaction with the diet, and the translation of new research findings into tools and products that improve the nutritional quality of the food supply. The Human Microbiome, Diet, and Health: Workshop Summary summarizes the presentations and discussions that took place during the workshop. Over the two day workshop, several themes covered included: The microbiome is integral to human physiology, health, and disease. The microbiome is arguably the most intimate connection that humans have with their external environment, mostly through diet. Given the emerging nature of research on the microbiome, some important methodology issues might still have to be resolved with respect to undersampling and a lack of causal and mechanistic studies. Dietary interventions intended to have an impact on host biology via their impact on the microbiome are being developed, and the market for these products is seeing tremendous success. However, the current regulatory framework poses challenges to industry interest and investment.
Table of Contents
Overviewp. 1
Studying the Microbiomep. 3
The Microbiome, Health, and Diseasep. 5
How the Microbiome Influences Host Diet Metabolismp. 6
How Diet Impacts the Microbiomep. 7
Probiotics and Prebioticsp. 8
Understanding Consumer Behavior and Regulatory Challengesp. 11
Moving Forwardp. 13
Referencesp. 14
Introductionp. 23
Organization of This Reportp. 24
Keynote Address: The Future Impact of Beneficial Microbes and Gut Healthp. 25
Major Overarching Themesp. 28
Referencesp. 31
Study of the Human Microbiomep. 33
Defining the Human Microbiomep. 33
Tools and Models for Assessment of the Microbiomep. 40
Metabolome and Microbiomep. 43
Open Discussionp. 48
Referencesp. 50
Interaction Between the Microbiome and Health and Environmentp. 55
Overview of Pediatric Clinical Implications and Interventionsp. 55
Impact of Microbiome on Oral Health and Diseasep. 60
Impact of Microbiome on Gastrointestinal Healthp. 62
Referencesp. 67
Influence of the Microbiome on the Metabolism of Diet and Dietary Componentsp. 69
Diet, Obesity, and the Gut Microbiomep. 69
Microbial Metabolites of Dietary Componentsp. 74
Biogeography of the GI Tractp. 77
Referencesp. 78
Influence of Diet and Dietary Components on the Microbiomep. 81
Human Breast Milkp. 81
Host-Microbe Interactions in the Perinatal Periodp. 83
The Resistome as a Driver of the Microbiomep. 88
Probiotic Mechanisms of Actionp. 92
Prebiotic Mechanisms of Actionp. 96
Translation of Probiotic Science into Probiotic Foodsp. 100
Developing Delivery Systemsp. 105
How the Microbiome Revolution Fuels Functional Food Researchp. 109
Discussionp. 112
Referencesp. 115
Societal and Policy Implicationsp. 121
How Americans Eat and Drink to Improve Healthp. 121
Consumer Insights from the Industry Perspectivep. 125
Probiotic and Prebiotic Health Claims in Europe: Scientific Assessment and Requirementsp. 129
Evaluation of Viable Microbes Using Regulatory Requirements Developed for Nonviable Ingredientsp. 132
Health Claims and False Advertisingp. 137
Regulatory Frameworks: The Industry Experiencep. 140
The Regulatory Environment: A Synthesisp. 142
Referencesp. 145
Possibilities for the Futurep. 147
Moving the Science Forward: Studying Health Versus Diseasep. 148
Changing the Regulatory Framework for Food Claimsp. 149
The Microbiome, Environment, and Health: Future Research Needsp. 151
Referencep. 154
Appendixes
Workshop Agendap. 155
Speaker Biographical Sketchesp. 159
Workshop Attendeesp. 171
Abbreviations and Acronymsp. 179
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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