Catalogue


Clustering for 21st Century prosperity : summary of a symposium /
Charles W. Wessner, rapporteur ; Committee on Competing in the 21st Century: Best Practice in State and Regional Innovation Initiatives, Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, Policy and Global Affairs, National Research Council of the National Academies.
imprint
Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, c2012
description
xviii, 184 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
ISBN
0309264138, 9780309264136
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
added author
imprint
Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, c2012
isbn
0309264138
9780309264136
contents note
Panel I : clustering for growth -- Panel II : clustering for growth (continued) -- Panel III : building 21st century clusters -- Panel IV : lessons from abroad -- Panel V : clustering around the lab -- Panel VI : university-based clusters -- Panel VII : a policy roundtable -- what should U.S. policy be?
abstract
"Responding to the challenges of fostering regional growth and employment in an increasingly competitive global economy, many U.S. states and regions have developed programs to attract and grow companies as well as attract the talent and resources necessary to develop regional innovation clusters. These state and regionally based initiatives have a broad range of goals and increasingly include larger resources commitments, often with a sectoral focus and often in partnership with foundations and universities. Recent studies, however, have pointed out that many of these efforts lack the scale and the steady commitment needed for success. This has prompted new initiatives to coordinate and concentrate investments from a variety of federal agencies to develop research parks, business incubators, and other strategies to encourage entrepreneurships and high-tech development in the nation's regions. Understanding the nature of innovation clusters and public policies associated with successful cluster development is therefore of current relevance. Clustering for 21st Century Prosperity identifies best practices with regard to goals, structures, instruments, modes of operation, synergies across private and public programs, funding mechanisms and levels, and evaluation efforts. The committee, under the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP) is reviewing selected state and regional efforts to capitalize on federal and state investments in areas of critical national needs. This review includes both efforts to strengthen existing industries as well as specific technology focus areas such as nanotechnology, stem cells, and advanced energy in order to better understand program goals, challenges, and accomplishments."--Publisher's description.
catalogue key
10182224
 
Also available online.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 173-184).
A Look Inside
Summaries
Description for Bookstore
Responding to the challenges of fostering regional growth and employment in an increasingly competitive global economy, many U.S. states and regions have developed programs to attract and grow companies as well as attract the talent and resources necessary to develop regional innovation clusters. These state and regionally based initiatives have a broad range of goals and increasingly include larger resources commitments, often with a sectoral focus and often in partnership with foundations and universities. Recent studies, however, have pointed out that many of these efforts lack the scale and the steady commitment needed for success. This has prompted new initiatives to coordinate and concentrate investments from a variety of federal agencies to develop research parks, business incubators, and other strategies to encourage entrepreneurships and high-tech development in the nation's regions. Understanding the nature of innovation clusters and public policies associated with successful cluster development is therefore of current relevance. Clustering for 21st Century Prosperityidentifies best practices with regard to goals, structures, instruments, modes of operation, synergies across private and public programs, funding mechanisms and levels, and evaluation efforts. The committee, under the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP) is reviewing selected state and regional efforts to capitalize on federal and state investments in areas of critical national needs. This review includes both efforts to strengthen existing industries as well as specific technology focus areas such as nanotechnology, stem cells, and advanced energy in order to better understand program goals, challenges, and accomplishments. As part of this study, the committee is convening a series of public workshops and symposia involving responsible local, state, and federal officials and other stakeholders. Drawing from discussions at these symposia, fact-finding meetings, and commissioned analyses of existing state and regional programs and technology focus areas, the committee will subsequently produce a final report with findings and recommendations focused on lessons, issues, and opportunities for complementary U.S. policies created by these state and regional initiatives.
Long Description
Responding to the challenges of fostering regional growth and employment in an increasingly competitive global economy, many U.S. states and regions have developed programs to attract and grow companies as well as attract the talent and resources necessary to develop regional innovation clusters. These state and regionally based initiatives have a broad range of goals and increasingly include larger resources commitments, often with a sectoral focus and often in partnership with foundations and universities. Recent studies, however, have pointed out that many of these efforts lack the scale and the steady commitment needed for success. This has prompted new initiatives to coordinate and concentrate investments from a variety of federal agencies to develop research parks, business incubators, and other strategies to encourage entrepreneurships and high-tech development in the nation's regions. Understanding the nature of innovation clusters and public policies associated with successful cluster development is therefore of current relevance. Clustering for 21st Century Prosperity identifies best practices with regard to goals, structures, instruments, modes of operation, synergies across private and public programs, funding mechanisms and levels, and evaluation efforts. The committee, under the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP) is reviewing selected state and regional efforts to capitalize on federal and state investments in areas of critical national needs. This review includes both efforts to strengthen existing industries as well as specific technology focus areas such as nanotechnology, stem cells, and advanced energy in order to better understand program goals, challenges, and accomplishments. As part of this study, the committee is convening a series of public workshops and symposia involving responsible local, state, and federal officials and other stakeholders. Drawing from discussions at these symposia, fact-finding meetings, and commissioned analyses of existing state and regional programs and technology focus areas, the committee will subsequently produce a final report with findings and recommendations focused on lessons, issues, and opportunities for complementary U.S. policies created by these state and regional initiatives.
Main Description
Clustering for 21st Century Prosperity As part of the series on Competing in the 21st Century: Best Practice in State and Regional Innovation Initiatives, the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy convened state and federal government officials, senior foreign officials, leading analysts, congressional staff, and other stakeholders to review the Obama Administration's new integrated cluster initiative, the role of research, parks in promoting innovation and regional and national economic development, best practice in cluster development from the United States and major cluster initiatives around the world, and the role and interplay of state, federal, and private initiatives to support parks and cluster development. This report includes a summary of the symposium presentations and an overview section reviewing the issues discussed and placing them in a larger context. The Future of Photovoltanics Manufacturing the United States As part of the series on Competing in the 21st Century: Best Practice in State and Regional Innovation Initiatives, the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy convened two major symposia on the future of photovoltaics manufacturing in the United States. Collectively these symposia gathered senior representatives of leading U.S. producers of photovoltaics, policy analysts, representatives of federal agencies, and Congressional staff to examine the practical steps, including public private partnerships and policy support, needed to develop the capacity to competitively manufacture photovoltaics in the United States. This report includes a summary of the symposia presentations and an overview section reviewing the issues discussed and placing them in a larger context. These two symposia followed earlier events convened on Making Big Solar Work and Financing Solar in Hard Times. Collectively these events provided a timely opportunity for policy makers to explore issues associated with the growth of a PV industry in the United States with representatives of universities, business, and government. Together the conferences will form an important component in the Committee's assessment of Best Practice in State and Regional Innovation Initiatives. Understanding Research, Science and Technology Parks: Global Best Practices In cooperation with the Association of University Research Parks, the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy convened a major international symposium to examine the role of S & T parks as sources of innovation and regional growth and their contributions to government missions and the commercialization of university research. Convened as part of the STEP Board review of Comparative National Innovation Policies: Best Practice for the 21st Century, this symposium convened leading figures from governments, universities, and science and technology parks, both from the United States and around the world, to examine a broad range of S & T parks, including both university- and laboratory-based parks as well as the large-scale industrial models often undertaken in Asia and Europe. The event benefitted from the participation of two U.S. Senators, Senator Mark Pryor and Senator Jeff Bingaman, who described their legislative initiatives to encourage the development of S & T parks here in the United States. This report includes a summary of the symposium presentations, an overview of the academic literature by Albert Link of the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, and an introduction reviewing the scope, needs, challenges, and best practices of major international S & T parks. Book jacket.
Table of Contents
Prefacep. xv
Overviewp. 1
Proceedingsp. 37
Welcomep. 39
Introductionp. 41
Clustering for Growthp. 43
Regional Innovation Clustersp. 44
Building a Clean Energy Economy Through Accelerated Innovationp. 47
Enhancing Competitiveness and Speeding Innovation: Design and Initial Results of the NIST Rapid Innovation and Competitiveness Initiativep. 53
Clustering for Growth (Continued)p. 60
Building Regional Innovation Clustersp. 60
Regional Innovation Strategies Initiativep. 64
Building 21st Century Clusters-The Role of State and Regional Governmentsp. 68
Building on the Battery Initiative in Michiganp. 68
Making the Big State Bigger: Current Texas University Initiativesp. 73
Growing Northeast Ohio's High-Tech Economyp. 78
Lessons from Abroad-Clusters, Parks, & Poles in Global Innovation Strategiesp. 81
An Integrated Approach: Brazil's Minas Gerais Strategyp. 82
Brazil's New Innovation Strategyp. 86
Hong Kong Science Park-Optimizing Synergiesp. 91
Innovation and Clusters: Why They Are Back on the OECD Policy Agendap. 94
Luncheon Addressp. 97
Introduced
Clustering Around the Lab-Best Practices in Federal Laboratory Commercializationp. 101
Sandia National Laboratories as a Catalyst for Regional Growthp. 101
Exploration Park at the Kennedy Space Centerp. 105
Discussantp. 107
University-Based Clustersp. 114
Current Trends and Challenges in University Commercializationp. 115
Improving the University Modelp. 124
Building New Growth Clustersp. 127
A Policy Roundtable-What Should U.S. Policy Be?p. 134
Appendixes
Agendap. 143
Biographies of Speakersp. 147
Participants Listp. 166
Bibliographyp. 173
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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