Multi-criteria decision analysis for supporting the selection of engineering materials in product design /
Ali Jahan, Kevin L. Edwards.
imprint
Kidlington, Oxford : Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013.
description
xvi, 108 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
ISBN
0080993869, 9780080993867
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
author
added author
imprint
Kidlington, Oxford : Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013.
isbn
0080993869
9780080993867
catalogue key
8884000
 
Includes bibliographical references.
A Look Inside
Summaries
Bowker Data Service Summary
Recently, multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods have begun to be applied to materials selection, demonstrating significant capability for tackling complex design problems. This book describes the growing field of MCDM as applied to materials selection. It is intended for academic teaching and research as well as for practitioners involved in materials engineering and design.
Main Description
It is a constant challenge for designers, even when educated in the fundamentals of materials and mechanical engineering, to make optimal selections of materials to satisfy complex design problems, when faced with the vast range of materials available. Current approaches to materials selection range from the use of intuition and experience to more formalized methods. The latter is available in computer-based form, and includes electronic databases with search engines to facilitate the materials selection process. Recently, multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods have begun to be applied to materials selection, demonstrating significant capability for tackling complex design problems. This book describes the growing field of MCDM as applied to materials selection. It is intended for academic teaching and research as well as for practitioners involved in materials engineering and design. Discusses the rationale for optimal materials selection in the context of achieving the best engineering design Describes methodologies for supporting enhanced decision-making in materials selection Supplements existing quantitative methods of materials selection by allowing simultaneous consideration of design attributes, component configurations, and types of material Provides case studies in a range of engineering disciplines to demonstrate the variety of practical application
Main Description
This book describes the growing field of multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) as applied to materials selection in product design. Useful in academic and research contexts, as well as to practitioners in materials engineering and design, it aids readers in producing successful designs by improving the decision-making process in materials selection. It is a constant challenge for designers, even when educated in the fundamentals of materials and mechanical engineering, to select the best materials to satisfy complex design problems. Current approaches to materials selection range from the use of intuition and experience to computer-based methods including electronic databases and search engines. Increasingly, MCDM methods are proving effective in materials selection for complex design problems. These methods supplement existing quantitative methods, such as selection charts, by allowing simultaneous consideration of design attributes, component configurations and types of material. Discusses the rationale for optimal materials selection in the context of achieving the best engineering designDescribes methodologies for supporting enhanced decision-making in materials selectionIncludes end-of-chapter review questions and practical case studies from biomedical and aerospace engineering applications
Main Description
This book describes the growing field of multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) as applied to materials selection in product design. Useful in academic and research contexts, as well as to practitioners in materials engineering and design, it aids readers in producing successful designs by improving the decision-making process in materials selection. It is a constant challenge for designers, even when educated in the fundamentals of materials and mechanical engineering, to select the best materials to satisfy complex design problems. Current approaches to materials selection range from the use of intuition and experience to computer-based methods including electronic databases and search engines. Increasingly, MCDM methods are proving effective in materials selection for complex design problems. These methods supplement existing quantitative methods, such as selection charts, by allowing simultaneous consideration of design attributes, component configurations and types of material. Discusses the rationale for optimal materials selection in the context of achieving the best engineering design Describes methodologies for supporting enhanced decision-making in materials selection Includes end-of-chapter review questions and practical case studies from biomedical and aerospace engineering applications
Table of Contents
Prefacep. ix
List of Figuresp. xiii
List of Tablesp. xv
The Importance of Decision Support in Materials Selectionp. 1
Introduction to Materials Selectionp. 1
Background and Justification for Formalized Materials Selectionp. 1
Decision-Making and Concession in Product Designp. 3
The Position of Materials Selection in the Engineering Design Process-from Concept to Detail Stagesp. 4
Understanding the Functional Requirements and Design Criteria in Selecting Materialsp. 7
The Relationship between Materials Selection and Processingp. 7
The Significance of Design Adaptation and Materials Substitutionp. 9
Materials Selection and Sustainable Productsp. 10
Qualitative Versus Quantitative Approaches to Materials Selectionp. 11
The Role of Computer-Based Materials Selection and Materials Databasesp. 12
Review Questionsp. 13
Referencesp. 13
Screening of Materialsp. 17
Justification for an Initial Screening Processp. 17
Introduction to the Use of Material Attributesp. 17
Material Indices and Critical Material Aspects used by Product Designersp. 19
Brief Review of Current Formalized Screening Methodsp. 20
Materials' Property Charts (the "Ashby" approach)p. 25
Materials Identification and Use of Computer-Based Toolsp. 28
Review Questionsp. 29
Referencesp. 29
Multi-criteria Decision-Making for Materials Selectionp. 31
Introduction to Multi-criteria Decision-Makingp. 31
MCDM as a Subdiscipline of Operations Researchp. 31
Justification for Applying MCDM in Materials Selectionp. 33
Application of MODM and MADM in Materials Selection and Designp. 36
Utilizing Outputs from Finite Element Analysis as Inputs to MADM in Materials Selectionp. 38
Review Questionsp. 39
Referencesp. 40
Multiattribute Decision-Making for Ranking of Candidate Materialsp. 43
Rationalization for Using Multiple-Attribute Decision-Makingp. 43
Introduction to the Ranking of Materialsp. 44
Structure of Data in Materials Selectionp. 45
Normalization of Criteria in MADMp. 47
Weighting Procedure of Criteriap. 50
Some Recent MADM Methods being used in Materials Selectionp. 59
Aggregation Method for Complex Materials Ranking Problemsp. 64
Use of Ranges of Values for Properties of Materials as Opposed to Discrete Valuesp. 68
Computer Implementation-Application of Spreadsheet and Mathematical Analysis Techniques to Facilitate the Analysis of Ranking Problemsp. 73
Review Questionsp. 77
Referencesp. 77
Case Studies of Using Materials Rankingp. 83
Rationale for Case Studiesp. 83
Materials Selection for Biomedical Implantsp. 83
Materials Selection for Aircraft Structure Repairp. 96
Review Questionsp. 103
Referencesp. 104
Future Developmentsp. 105
Overview of the Current Situationp. 105
The Development of Decision-Making Methods for Actual Design Scenariosp. 105
The Application of MCDM Methods to Complex Materials Selection Problemsp. 107
Referencesp. 108
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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