Clinical oral physiology /
edited by Timothy S. Miles, Birgitte Nauntofte, Peter Svensson.
imprint
Copenhagen ; London : Quintessence, 2004.
description
297 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
ISBN
1850970912 (pbk.) :
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Copenhagen ; London : Quintessence, 2004.
isbn
1850970912 (pbk.) :
catalogue key
5166782
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
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This item was reviewed in:
SciTech Book News, September 2004
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Table of Contents
Introductionp. 15
Salivap. 17
Introductionp. 17
Functions of salivap. 17
The salivary glandsp. 18
Nervous control of salivary secretionp. 22
Formation of salivap. 24
Saliva and its inorganic compositionp. 28
Oral clearancep. 29
Saliva buffer capacityp. 30
Saliva and its saturation with respect to hydroxyapatitep. 33
Organic saliva composition and its functionsp. 35
Formation and function of the pelliclep. 39
Other organic components in salivap. 39
Saliva as a screening toolp. 40
Salivary gland dysfunctionp. 41
Principal causes of salivary gland hypofunction and xerostomiap. 41
Symptoms and objective findings in salivary gland hypofunctionp. 43
Diagnosis of salivary gland hypofunctionp. 47
Management of oral sequelae of salivary hypofunctionp. 49
Future perspectivesp. 50
Selected referencesp. 51
Taste and smellp. 53
Introductionp. 53
Tastep. 54
Taste physiology and clinical functionp. 58
Saliva-taste interactionp. 61
Disorders of gustationp. 63
Olfactionp. 65
Olfactory physiologyp. 66
Clinical functionp. 67
Disorders of olfactionp. 68
Oral malodoursp. 69
Conclusionp. 70
Selected referencesp. 70
Thermosensationp. 71
Introductionp. 71
Stimulation of thermoreceptorsp. 72
Perception of temperaturep. 73
Perceived and preferred temperatures of foodsp. 74
Orofacial thermoreceptorsp. 75
Orofacial thermal sensitivityp. 86
Summaryp. 91
Selected referencesp. 92
Orofacial painp. 93
Introductionp. 93
Definition and classification of painp. 94
Basic neurobiology of orofacial painp. 97
Brainstem nociceptive transmissionp. 102
Projections from the trigeminal brainstem sensory nuclear complexp. 109
Thalamocortical nociceptive transmissionp. 109
Nociceptive reflex and behavioural responsesp. 110
Modulatory influencesp. 113
Neuroplasticity and central sensitisationp. 116
Assessment of orofacial painp. 120
Spontaneous painp. 120
Stimulus-evoked painp. 122
Adjunctive measures of orofacial painp. 125
Clinical presentation of orofacial painp. 127
Pain therapyp. 132
Peripheral targetsp. 134
Central targetsp. 135
Conclusionsp. 138
Glossaryp. 138
Selected referencesp. 139
Tooth pulpp. 141
Introductionp. 141
Tooth structurep. 142
Blood flowp. 143
Dentine-pulp permeability barrierp. 144
Role of odontoblastsp. 145
Nerve supplyp. 145
Peripheral receptor mechanismsp. 146
Mechanisms of dental sensationp. 149
A-beta and A-delta nerve fibres in dentinep. 150
C-fibres in the tooth pulpp. 153
Neurogenic inflammationp. 153
Central neural mechanismsp. 156
Clinical correlatesp. 159
Summaryp. 162
Selected referencesp. 162
Mechanosensationp. 165
Introductionp. 165
Cutaneous and mucosal mechanoreceptorsp. 166
Cutaneous mechanoreceptors in the human handp. 167
Cutaneous and mucosal mechanoreceptors in the human face and mouthp. 170
Mechanoreceptive signals during orofacial motor activitiesp. 174
Periodontal mechanoreceptorsp. 178
Structure and innervationp. 178
Stimulation of periodontal mechanoreceptorsp. 179
Findings from animal studiesp. 180
Findings from human studiesp. 182
Role in the control of jaw motor functionsp. 190
Role in the tactile sensibility of the teethp. 195
Summaryp. 196
Selected referencesp. 196
Masticatory musclesp. 199
Introductionp. 199
Organisation of skeletal muscles into motor unitsp. 200
Classification of muscle fibre typesp. 201
Force productionp. 205
Muscle fatiguep. 206
Types of muscle contractionp. 208
Muscle forcep. 209
The masticatory musclesp. 211
"Plasticity" of musclesp. 211
Electromyography (EMG)p. 214
Muscle pathologyp. 215
Summaryp. 217
Selected referencesp. 217
Masticationp. 219
Introductionp. 219
Control of masticationp. 220
Stretch reflexes from muscle spindlesp. 224
Control of mandibular rest positionp. 226
Mechanisms that modulate jaw-muscle activity during chewingp. 227
Muscle spindle reflexesp. 227
Unloading responses of the jaw-closing musclesp. 229
Periodontal reflexesp. 230
Tendon organ reflexesp. 233
Joint reflexesp. 233
The chewing cyclep. 234
Voluntary control of the masticatory musclesp. 236
Bite forces during normal masticationp. 237
Role of individual muscles in chewingp. 237
Role of tongue in masticationp. 238
Masticatory efficiencyp. 238
Proprioceptionp. 239
Disorders of masticationp. 240
Temporomandibular disordersp. 241
Neuromuscular diseasesp. 242
Summaryp. 243
Selected referencesp. 243
Swallowingp. 245
Introductionp. 245
Oral preparatory phasep. 247
Pharyngeal phasep. 248
Oesophageal phasep. 249
Clinical implicationsp. 249
Infantile swallowp. 250
Tongue thrustp. 251
Dysphagiap. 251
Vomiting, gagging and retchingp. 252
Disordersp. 254
Selected referencesp. 254
Speechp. 255
Introductionp. 255
Speech vs. languagep. 256
The neurophysiology of speech and languagep. 256
Functional subsystems of motor speechp. 257
Speech articulation and the oral cavity: Active and passive articulatorsp. 258
Description of speech sounds: The International Phonetic Alphabetp. 259
Consonantsp. 260
Vowelsp. 261
Motor coordination in speechp. 261
Normal development of articulationp. 262
Speech disorders related to cleft lip and palatep. 264
Speech disorders related to dentition or occlusionp. 264
Cosmetic modifications of the oral cavityp. 265
Prosthodontic interventions for the improvement of speech and tongue functionp. 266
How to interact with a person with a language or speech disorderp. 267
Referral to specialistsp. 267
Conclusionsp. 268
Selected referencesp. 268
Protective mechanismsp. 269
Introductionp. 269
Composition of inspired airp. 270
Site of deposition of inhaled particlesp. 272
Sneezingp. 273
Swallowingp. 273
Coughingp. 274
Laryngospasmp. 275
Local airways reflexesp. 276
Mucociliary escalatorp. 276
Cellular defencesp. 277
The diving reflexp. 277
Clinical considerationsp. 278
Summaryp. 278
Selected referencesp. 278
Bone and calcium metabolismp. 281
Introductionp. 281
Bone structurep. 281
Calcium biologyp. 282
Calcium intakep. 283
Factors affecting calcium metabolismp. 284
Pathological disturbances of calcium metabolismp. 289
Osteoporosis and dental healthp. 290
Dentists as applied bone biologistsp. 291
Selected referencesp. 292
Index
Indexp. 293
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